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Chapter 3


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Activity Theory
A theory of aging which states that the psychological and social needs of the elderly are no different from those of the middle aged and that it is neither normal nor natural for the older people to become isolated and withdrawn; also called the implicit theory of aging
Age Cohort
refers to people who were born at the same time and this share similar life experiences
Age integration theory
A theory that recognized that societies have both age-segregated and age integrated institutions that can wither impede or enhance that participation of the aged
Age Stratification Theory
Underlying proposition is that all societies group people into social categories and that these groupings provide people with social identities ; age is one proncipleof ranking along with wealth gender and race
Continuity Theory
A more formal elaboration of activity theory, uses a life course perspective to define normal aging and to distinguish from pathological aging
Critical Gerontology
An approach that emphasizes how the forces of globolizations that effects policies and programs for the aged and the daily lives of older people
Deferred Exchange Theories
Exchanges between individuals over the life course
Disengagement theory
The first formal theory of aging; the view that normal aging involves a netural and inevitable mutural withdrawal or disengagement, resulting in decreasing interaction between an aging person and others
Feminist Theory
The central purpose is to illiminate the gendered nature of society' gender relations are the main subject matter; notions of masculinity and femininity are seen as socially constructed; emphasis is on the different ways different ways aging is experienced by men and women
Immediate Exchange theory
Exchanges between indiviuals in goods and services at one point in time
Kansas City Study of Adult Life
A series of studies designed to identify how people adjusted to normal aging processes; the studies couples an emphasis on adjustment with measures of social role performance across the life span
Modernization Theory
The view that nations can be rainked from least to most developed according to indicators of industrializationor degree of urbanization
Political Economy Theory
A theory that old age is socially constructed and created through power struggles; highlights the structural influences on aging and emphasizes the relavence of power relationships for understanding how the aged are defined and treated
Social Constructionism
Sociological tradition that places individual intentions, motivations and actions at the social theory; view that human beings are active creator of social theory; view that human beings are active creators of their own social reality
Subculture Theory
A theory that people who share similar interests, problems, and concerns, will form a subculture; the aged are believed to have a positive affinity for one another