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Level 2

Chapter 2


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Age Effect
A difference due to chronological age of life course stage
Age Grade
Use of age as a social category to group people by status
Age Norms
Informal rules that specify age-appropriate roles and behavior
Age Timetable
Similar to age normsbut looser and more flexible; informal rules, which specify age appropriate roles and behavior
Cohort Effect
A difference due to the experiences or characteristics of the particular cohort to which an individual belongs
Countertransitions
Life course transitions produces by role changes of others
Cross-Sectional Research
Research comparing people of different age cohorts at a single point in time
Crowded Nest
The trend of young adults returning to the parental home
Empty Nest
Period when a couple os alone together following a departure of children from the home
Life Course
The interaction between historical events, personal decisions, and individual opportunities; experiences early in life affect subsequent outcomes
Life Course Framework
An approach to the study of aging that combines the study of changing age structure with again experiences of individuals
Longitudinal Research
Process of sorting complex methodological issues involved in distinguishing between age effects, cohort effects and the period effects
National Social Life, Health and Aging Project
NSHAP The first population-based study of health and social factors on a natiional scale that is designed to understand the well being of older, community dwelling Americans
Open-Ended Interviews
A technique used in qualitative research that allows respondents to answer a question without pre-determined catagories
Participant Observation Research
A type of data collection used in qualitative research that allows the researcher to gain close knowledge of a group of people or a community
Period Effect
The impact of a historical event on the people who live through it
Social Clock
The age norms that provide a prescriptive timetable, which orders major life events
Theory of Cumulative Disadvantage
A theory that people who begin lige with greatr resources continue to have opportunities to accumulate more of them while those who begin with few resources fall further behind
Trajectory
a series of transitions such as education, work and retirement
Transitions
Refers to the shifts in roles that occur the life course