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Hormones & Diabetes


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Pancreas
An endocrine gland: controls blood sugar levels using insulin and glucagon
Adrenal glands
An endocrine gland: Produce adrenaline to speed up the heart rate and speed up responses to stimuli
Pituitary gland
An endocrine gland: release anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) which conserves water in the body by making the kidneys produce more concentrated urine
Testes
Male endocrine glands: release testosterone which causes the development of male reproductive organs during puberty
Ovaries
Female endocrine glands: produce oestrogen which causes the development of female reproductive organs during puberty
Hormones
Chemicals released by endocrine glands which regulate processes in the body
Target organ
An organ that responds to a certain hormone
Insulin
A hormone released by the pancreas which reduces the blood sugar level by causing the liver to turn glucose into glycogen
Glycogen
A store of glucose in the liver
Glucagon
A hormone released by the pancreas which increases the blood sugar level by causing the liver to turn glycogen into glucose
BMI
A measurement that uses a person's weight and height to determine if they are of a healthy weight
Endocrine glands
Parts of the body which produce hormones
Type 1 diabetes
The pancreas doesn't produce enough (or any) insulin. Is controlled by injecting manufacture insulin to reduce the blood sugar level, and avoiding foods that contain lots of glucose
Type 2 diabetes
Either cells/target organs don't respond to insulin, or the person becomes immune to the effects of the hormone. Is controlled by eating a healthy diet, having regular exercise and losing weight. Some