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Level 14

describe natural disasters


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hurricane
(in the western Atlantic) a violent storm with very strong winds
typhoon
(in Asia)a violent storm with very strong winds
earthquake
a sudden movement of the Earth's surface, often causing severe damage:
tidal wave
a very large wave that destroys things, often caused by an earthquake (= when the Earth shakes)
destroy
to damage something so badly that it does not exist or cannot be used:
volcano
a mountain with a large hole at the top which sometimes explodes and produces hot, melted rock and smoke
volcanic
relating to a volcano:
erupt
فوران کردنIf a volcano erupts, it suddenly throws out smoke, fire, and melted rocks.
eruption
فوران
lava
hot melted rock that comes out of a volcano
surrounding
near or around sth
surroundings
the place where you live and the conditions in which you live:
drought
a long period when there is no rain and people do not have enough water:
crop
a plant such as a grain, fruit, or vegetable that is grown in large amounts by farmers
starve (to death)
suffer or die because you don't have enough food.
collapse
OBJECT [I, T] B2 to fall down or towards the inside, or to make a structure or object fall down or towards its inside: [fall]
evacuate sb
to move people from a dangerous place to somewhere safer:
evacuation
تخلیه noun of evacuate
disaster
a very bad event causing harm or death
fear
[C, U] a strong, unpleasant feeling that you get when you think that something bad, dangerous, or frightening might happen:
trap (sb)
CANNOT ESCAPE B2 If someone or something is trapped, they cannot move or escape from a place or situation:
death toll
the number of people who die because of an event such as a war or an accident:
considerable
قابل ملاحطه / عظیم very large in size or amount.
crucial
very important.
rescue
to save someone from a dangerous or unpleasant situation:
save sb
rescue sb
maintain sth
to make a situation or activity continue in the same way:
supply
an amount af sth that you need.
strike
to hit someone or something:
struck
past simple and past participle of strike