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Design and Manufacture


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Fabric aesthetic
shape, style, colours, patterns; the appearance of the fabric
Fabric function
performance of the product, fitness for purpose
Design brief
a task/problem that the designer has been given by the client
Target Market
the end user or consumer group to whom the manufacturer aims to sell
Quality Assurance
the way the production system is managed to ensure design specifications are met
Quality Control
tests applied at specific points during production to ensure the product works, etc
Toile
prototype, or mock up of final product
Sub assembly
when parts are made separately, then assembled to the final product later
Health and Safety
all products must conform to regulations and laws to ensure safety of the consumer
Ethical trading
the product must be from a sustainable source, to make a change in the way people shop
Fair trade
organic recycled goods and workers are paid a fair wage
Input
sewing machine, thread, zip, CAM/CAD
Processing
how the product is made
Output
the finished product
Client
specifies to the designer what kind of product they want
Designer
takes design specification and designs a suitable product to satisfy the client
Manufacturer
makes the product
Consumer
the person that buys the final product
Design specification
list of different factors/components the product should have
Production plan
a work schedule of 'who does what'
Bespoke
One off production, made for an individual client. Usually for Haute Couture
Batch
manufacturing set quantities of the same textile product
Mass
manufacturing large number of identical items
Assembly
how the product is put together
EPOS
electronic point of sale
Template
a pattern, used as a guide
Pattern paper
paper used as a template for accuracy during manufacture
Warp
vertical strands of yarn in a piece of fabric
Weft
horizontal strands of yarn in a piece of fabric
Selvage
the edge of a fabric; woven so it won't fray
Grain line
the direction of yarn in a woven fabric
Seam allowance
the area between the edge of the fabric and the line that's sewn on; usually 1.5cm
Just in Time
Materials and components arrive in small amounts, when needed. Used as soon as delivered; no storage
Interlining
Extra lining in between outside fabric and lining - gives structure and comfort, hides construction
Recyclable
can be used again in some form
Product Analysis
Looking at existing products, to develop ideas for new products
Closed loop process
manufacturing process where waste is reused in production
Product Evaluation
Establishing how well a product's design meets the client's specification
Tolerance
Working within given limits