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Level 21

Subject-specific vocabulary 1-20


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rhyme
a repetition of similar sounds in the end syllables two or more words
rhythm
the 'beat' created by the pattern of stressed syllables
alliteration
the repetition of a word's initial sounds in a number of words close together
stanza
a number of lines forming a division of a poem
metaphor
a figurative use of language calling one thing another thing
onomatopoeia
words that sound like that which they describe
caesura
a complete pause created by a full stop, exclamation mark or question mark within a line of poetry
simile
an expression that describes something by comparing it with something else, using the words 'as' or 'like'.
personification
giving an idea, object or animal human qualities
enjambment
The continuation of a sentence or clause from one line to another in poetry.
pathos
n. quality of something that causes it to inspire pity
extended metaphor
a comparison between subjects continued and developed through a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.
pathetic fallacy
a technique where nature is described as if it had emotions, usually mirroring the emotions of a character or mood of a setting
jargon
Specialised terminology belonging to a group or profession. It can be difficult for outsiders to understand but helps users communicate more efficiently.
colloquial language
conversational or informal language
cliché
n. an idea or expression that has become stale through overuse
omniscient narrator
a narrator who knows everything about the events and characters, including their thoughts and feelings
juxtapose
put unlike things next to each other, usually to emphasise a contrast
irony
a situation that seems opposite to what is expected
infer
v. work out or develop a theory based on information or evidence given