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Retrospective determinism
The argument that because some event has occurred, its occurrence must have been inevitable beforehand.
Shotgun argumentation
In which the arguer offers such a large number of arguments for their position that the opponent can't possibly respond to all of them.
Special pleading
In which a proponent of a position attempts to cite something as an exemption to a generally accepted rule or principle without justifying the exemption.
Wrong direction
In which cause and effect are reversed. The cause is said to be the effect and vice versa.