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participle
Verbs in English have two participles, called ‘present participle’ (e.g. walking, taking) and ‘past participle’ (e.g. walked, taken).
passive voice
The opposite of the 'active voice' following the structure object + verb + subject: The sentence 'It was eaten by our dog' is the passive of 'Our dog ate it'.
past tense
Verbs written in this tense are commonly used to: talk about the past, talk about imagined situations, make a request sound more polite. Most use a suffix e.g. -ed from the root word but there are some commonly-used irregularities.
Prescriptivism
A belief that sees language as able to adapt to its context. They observe how the majority use language rather than what a particular authority say.
present participle
One of two verb types, this often uses an -ing suffix.
past participle
One of two verb types, this often uses an -ed suffix.
pluralising pronouns
Some regions (Liverpool, for example), pluralise pronouns.
possessive
Can be: a noun followed by an apostrophe with our without 's' or a possessive pronoun (e.g. his).
progressive verb
A verb which generally describes events in progress by combining the present participle with a form of the verb 'be'.
present tense
Verbs in this tense are commonly used to talk about the present or the future.
post-vocalic /r/
Pronouncing an /r/ after the vowel.