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Descriptivist
A belief that sees language as able to adapt to its context. They observe how the majority use language rather than what a particular authority say.
digraph
A type of grapheme where two letters represent one phoneme. Sometimes, these two letters are not next to one another; this is called a split digraph.
divergence
Changing one's language to move away from that of another.
double negation
Using two or more negative forms in an utterance.
ellipsis
The omission (missing out) of a word or phrase which is expected and predictable.
etymology
The history of a word: its origins in earlier forms of English or other languages, and how its form and meaning have changed. Many words in English have come from Greek, Latin or French.
fronting/fronted
A word or phrase that normally comes after the verb may be moved before the verb. When writing fronted phrases, we often follow them with a comma.
future
Reference to time marked in a number of different ways, usually present-tense verbs.
ethnolect
Language of a specific ethnic group. This can refer to accent as well as lexical and grammatical variation.
dialect levelling
Dialects converging or merging which sees a loss of dialect varieties.