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Sublist 8


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abandon
n. an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that somebody does not care what other people think
abandon
v. to leave somebody, especially somebody you are responsible for, with no intention of returning
abandoned
adj. left and no longer wanted, used or needed
abandonment
n. the act of leaving a person, thing or place with no intention of returning
accompaniment
n. music that is played to support singing or another instrument
accompany
v. to travel or go somewhere with somebody
accumulate
v. to gradually get more and more of something over a period of time
accumulation
n. accumulate
ambiguity
n. the state of having more than one possible meaning
ambiguous
adj. that can be understood in more than one way; having different meanings
ambiguously
adv. ambiguous
append
v. to add something to the end of a piece of writing
appendix
n. a small bag of tissue that is attached to the large intestine. In humans, the appendix has no clear function
appreciable
adj. large enough to be noticed or thought important
appreciably
adv. appreciable
appreciate
v. to recognize the good qualities of somebody/something
appreciation
n. pleasure that you have when you recognize and enjoy the good qualities of somebody/something
arbitrariness
n. arbitrary
arbitrarily
adv. arbitrary
arbitrary
adj. not seeming to be based on a reason, system or plan and sometimes seeming unfair
automate
v. to use machines and computers instead of people to do a job or task
automatic
n. a gun that can fire bullets continuously as long as the trigger is pressed
automatically
adv. automatic
automatic
adj. having controls that work without needing a person to operate them
automation
n. the use of machines to do work that was previously done by people
bias
v. to unfairly influence somebody's opinions or decisions
bias
n. a strong feeling in favour of or against one group of people, or one side in an argument, often not based on fair judgement
biased
adj. having a tendency to show favour towards or against one group of people or one opinion for personal reasons; making unfair judgements
chart
v. to record or follow the progress or development of somebody/something
clarification
n. clarify
clarify
v. to make something clearer or easier to understand
clarity
n. the quality of being expressed clearly
commodity
n. a product or a raw material that can be bought and sold
complement
n. a thing that adds new qualities to something in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive
complement
v. to add to something in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive
complementary
adj. two people or things that are complementary are different but together form a useful or attractive combination of skills, qualities or physical features
conform
v. to behave and think in the same way as most other people in a group or society
conformability
n. conformable
conformable
adj. similar in form or nature to something; in agreement with something
conformance
n. the fact of following the rules or standards of something
conformation
n. the way in which something is formed; the structure of something, especially an animal
conformist
n. a person who behaves and thinks in the same way as most other people and who does not want to be different
conformist
adj. conformist
conformity
n. behaviour or actions that follow the accepted rules of society
contemporary
n. a person who lives or lived at the same time as somebody else, especially somebody who is about the same age
contradict
v. to say that something that somebody else has said is wrong, and that the opposite is true
contradiction
n. a lack of agreement between facts, opinions, actions, etc
contradictory
adj. containing or showing a contradiction
crucial
adj. extremely important, because it will affect other things
crucially
adv. crucial
currency
n. the system of money that a country uses
denotation
n. the act of naming something with a word; the actual object or idea to which the word refers
denotational
adj. denotation
denote
v. to be a sign of something
detect
v. to discover or notice something, especially something that is not easy to see, hear, etc
detectable
adj. detect
detection
n. the process of detecting something; the fact of being detected
detective
n. a person, especially a police officer, whose job is to examine crimes and catch criminals
detector
n. a piece of equipment for discovering the presence of something, such as metal, smoke, explosives or changes in pressure or temperature
deviate
v. to be different from something; to do something in a different way from what is usual or expected
deviation
n. the act of moving away from what is normal or acceptable; a difference from what is expected or acceptable
displace
v. to take the place of somebody/something
displacement
n. the act of displacing somebody/something; the process of being displaced
drama
n. a play for the theatre, television or radio
dramatic
adj. sudden, very great and often surprising
dramatically
adv. dramatic
dramatist
n. a person who writes plays for the theatre, television or radio
dramatization
n. dramatize
dramatize
v. to present a book, an event, etc. as a play or a film/movie
eventual
adj. happening at the end of a period of time or of a process
eventuality
n. something that may possibly happen, especially something unpleasant
eventually
adv. at the end of a period of time or a series of events
exhibit
n. an object or a work of art put in a public place, for example a museum, so that people can see it
exhibition
n. a collection of things, for example works of art, that are shown to the public
exploit
n. a brave, exciting or interesting act
exploitation
n. a situation in which somebody treats somebody else in an unfair way, especially in order to make money from their work
exploit
v. to treat a person or situation as an opportunity to gain an advantage for yourself
exploiter
n. exploit
fluctuate
v. to change frequently in size, amount, quality, etc, especially from one extreme to another
fluctuation
n. fluctuate
guideline
n. rules or instructions that are given by an official organization telling you how to do something, especially something difficult
highlight
n. the best, most interesting or most exciting part of something
implicit
adj. suggested without being directly expressed
implicitly
adv. implicit
induce
v. to persuade or influence somebody to do something
induction
n. the process of introducing somebody to a new job, skill, organization, etc; a ceremony at which this takes place
inevitability
n. inevitable
inevitable
adj. that you cannot avoid or prevent
inevitably
adv. as is certain to happen
infrastructural
adj. infrastructure
infrastructure
n. the basic systems and services that are necessary for a country or an organization to run smoothly, for example buildings, transport and water and power supplies
inspect
v. to look closely at something/somebody, especially to check that everything is as it should be
inspection
n. an official visit to a school, factory, etc. in order to check that rules are being obeyed and that standards are acceptable
inspector
n. a person whose job is to visit schools, factories, etc. to check that rules are being obeyed and that standards are acceptable
intense
adj. very great; very strong
intensely
adv. intense
intensification
n. intensify
intensify
v. to increase in degree or strength; to make something increase in degree or strength
intensity
n. the state or quality of being intense
intensive
adj involving a lot of work or activity done in a short time
intensively
adv. intensive
manipulate
v. to control or influence somebody/something, often in a dishonest way so that they do not realize it
manipulation
n. manipulate
manipulative
adj. skilful at influencing somebody or forcing somebody to do what you want, often in an unfair way
minimization
n. minimize
minimize
v. to reduce something, especially something bad, to the lowest possible level
nonconformity
n. the fact of not following normal ways of thinking and behaving
nonconformist
adj. nonconformist
nonconformist
n. a member of a Protestant Church that does not follow the beliefs and practices of the Church of England
nuclear
adj. using, producing or resulting from nuclear energy
offset
adj. used to describe a method of printing in which ink is put onto a metal plate, then onto a rubber surface and only then onto the paper
paragraph
n. a section of a piece of writing, usually consisting of several sentences dealing with a single subject. The first sentence of a paragraph starts on a new line
paragraphing
n. the way that a piece of writing is divided into paragraphs
plus
conj. used to add more information
plus
adj. used after a number to show that the real number or amount is more than the one mentioned
plus
n. an advantage; a good thing
plus
prop. used when the two numbers or amounts mentioned are being added together
practitioner
n. a person who works in a profession, especially medicine or law
predominance
n. the situation of being greater in number or amount than other things or people
predominant
adj. most obvious or noticeable
predominantly
adv. mostly; mainly
predominate
v. to be greater in amount or number than something/somebody else in a place, group, etc
prospect
v. to search an area for gold, minerals, oil, etc
prospective
adj. expected to do something or to become something
radical
n. a person with radical opinions
radical
adj. concerning the most basic and important parts of something; thorough and complete
radically
adj. radical
random
n. without deciding in advance what is going to happen, or without any regular pattern
random
adj. done, chosen, etc. without somebody deciding in advance what is going to happen, or without any regular pattern
randomness
n. random
randomly
adv. random
reinforce
v. to make a feeling, an idea, etc. stronger
reinforcement
n. the act of making something stronger, especially a feeling or an idea
reschedule
v. to change the time at which something has been arranged to happen, especially so that it takes place later
rescheduling
n. reschedule
restoration
n. the work of repairing and cleaning an old building, a painting, etc. so that its condition is as good as it originally was
restore
v. to bring back a situation or feeling that existed before
revise
v. to change your opinions or plans, for example because of something you have learned
revision
n. a change or set of changes to something
schedule
v. to arrange for something to happen at a particular time
scheduler
n. schedule
schedule
n. a plan that lists all the work that you have to do and when you must do each thing
uniform
n. the special set of clothes worn by all members of an organization or a group at work, or by children at school
uniform
adj. not varying; the same in all parts and at all times
uniformity
n. uniform
uniformly
adv. uniform
surveyor
n. a person whose job is to examine a building to make sure it is in good condition, usually done for somebody who is thinking of buying it
tense
v. if you tense your muscles, or you or your muscles tense, they become tight and stiff, especially because you are not relaxed
tense
n. (grammar) any of the forms of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or state expressed by the verb
tense
adj. nervous or worried, and unable to relax
tensely
adv. tense
tenseness
n. tense
tension
v. (technical) to make a wire, sail, etc. tight and stretched
tension
n. a situation in which people do not trust each other, or feel unfriendly towards each other, and which may cause them to attack each other
terminal
adj. (of an illness or a disease) that cannot be cured and will lead to death, often slowly
terminally
adv. terminal
terminal
n. a building or set of buildings at an airport where air passengers arrive and leave
terminate
v. to end; to make something end
termination
n. the act of ending something; the end of something
thematic
adj. connected with the theme or themes of something
thematically
adv. thematical
theme
adj. a pub, bar, etc. that is designed to reflect a particular subject or period of history
theme
n. the subject or main idea in a talk, piece of writing or work of art
thereby
adv. used to introduce the result of the action or situation mentioned
unaccompanied
adj. without a person going together with somebody/something
unambiguous
adj. clear in meaning; that can only be understood in one way
unambiguously
adv. unambiguous
unappreciated
adj. not having your work or your qualities recognized and enjoyed by other people; not appreciated
unbiased
adj. fair and not influenced by your own or somebody else's opinions, desires, etc.
uncharted
adj. that has not been visited or investigated before; not familiar
uniform
adj. not varying; the same in all parts and at all times
uniformity
n. uniform
uniformly
adv. uniform
uniform
n. the special set of clothes worn by all members of an organization or a group at work, or by children at school
unscheduled
adj. that was not planned in advance
vehicle
n. a thing that is used for transporting people or goods from one place to another, such as a car or lorry/truck
via
prop. through a place
virtual
adj. almost or very nearly the thing described, so that any slight difference is not important
virtually
adv. almost or very nearly, so that any slight difference is not important
visual
n. a picture, map, piece of film, etc. used to make an article or a talk easier to understand or more interesting
visualization
n. visualize
visualize
v. to form a picture of somebody/something in your mind
visually
adv. visual
vol.
ab. volume (n)
widespread
adj. existing or happening over a large area or among many people