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Sublist 7


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adapt
v. to change something in order to make it suitable for a new use or situation
adaptability
n. adaptable
adaptable
adj. able to change or be changed in order to deal successfully with new situations
adaptation
a film/movie, book or play that is based on a particular piece of work but that has been changed for a new situation
adaptive
adj. concerned with changing; able to change when necessary in order to deal with different situations
adult
adj. fully grown or developed
adulthood
n. the state of being an adult
advocacy
n. (formal) the giving of public support to an idea, a course of action or a belief
advocate
n. a person who supports or speaks in favour of somebody or of a public plan or action
aid
v. to help somebody/something to do something, especially by making it easier
channel
v. to direct money, feelings, ideas, etc. towards a particular thing or purpose
chemical
n. a substance obtained by or used in a chemical process
chemically
adv. chemical
chemical
adj. connected with chemistry
classic
n. a book, film/movie or song which is well known and considered to be of very high quality, setting standards for other books, etc
Classics
n. the study of ancient Greek and Roman culture, especially their languages and literature
classical
adj. widely accepted and used for a long time; traditional in style or idea
classically
adv. classical
comprehensive
n. a secondary school for young people of all levels of ability
comprehensively
adv. completely; thoroughly
comprehensive
adj. including all, or almost all, the items, details, facts, information, etc, that may be concerned
comprehensiveness
n. comprehensive
comprise
v. to have somebody/something as parts or members
confirm
v. to state or show that something is definitely true or correct, especially by providing evidence
confirmation
n. a statement, letter, etc. that shows that something is true, correct or definite
contrariness
n. contrary
contrarily
adv. contrary
contrary
adj. behaving badly; choosing to do or say the opposite of what is expected
conversion
n. the act or process of changing something from one form, use or system to another
convert
n. a person who has changed their religion, beliefs or opinions
convertibility
n. convertible
convertible
adj. that can be changed to a different form or use
convertible
n. a car with a roof that can be folded down or taken off
couple
v. to join together two parts of something, for example two vehicles or pieces of equipment
coupling
n. an action of joining or combining two things
couple
n. two people or things
decade
n. a period of ten years, especially a continuous period, such as 1910–1919 or 2000–2009
definite
n. something that you are certain about or that you know will happen; somebody who is sure to do something
definite
adj. sure or certain; unlikely to change
definitely
adv. a way of emphasizing that something is true and that there is no doubt about it
definitive
adj. final; not able to be changed
definitively
adv. definitive
deniable
adj. that can be denied
denial
n. a statement that says something is not true or does not exist
deny
v. to say that something is not true
differentiate
v. to recognize or show that two things are not the same
differentiation
n. differentiate
disposable
adj. made to be thrown away after use
disposal
n. the act of getting rid of something
dispose
v. to arrange things or people in a particular way or position
disposed
adj. willing or prepared to do something
dynamic
adj. (of a person) having a lot of energy and a strong personality
dynamically
adv. dynamic
eliminate
v. to remove or get rid of something/somebody
elimination
n. eliminate
empirical
adj. based on experiments or experience rather than ideas or theories
empirically
adv. empirical
empiricism
n. the use of experiments or experience as the basis for your ideas; the belief in these methods
empiricist
adj. empiricism
empiricist
n. empiricism
equip
v. to provide yourself/somebody/something with the things that are needed for a particular purpose or activity
equipment
n. the things that are needed for a particular purpose or activity
extract
v. to remove or obtain a substance from something, for example by using an industrial or a chemical process
extraction
n. the act or process of removing or obtaining something from something else
file
v. to put and keep documents, etc. in a particular place and in a particular order so that you can find them easily; to put a document into a file
finite
adj. having a definite limit or fixed size
foundation
n. a layer of bricks, concrete, etc. that forms the solid underground base of a building
global
adj. covering or affecting the whole world
globally
adv. global
globalization
n. the fact that different cultures and economic systems around the world are becoming connected and similar to each other because of the influence of large multinational companies and of improved communication
globe
n. an object shaped like a ball with a map of the world on its surface, usually on a stand so that it can be turned
grade
v. to arrange people or things in groups according to their ability, quality, size, etc
graded
adj. arranged in order or in groups according to difficulty, size, etc
guarantee
v. to promise to do something; to promise something will happen
hierarchy
n. a system, especially in a society or an organization, in which people are organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest
hierarchical
adj. arranged in a hierarchy
hierarchically
adv. hierarchical
identical
adj. similar in every detail
identically
adv. identical
ideologically
adv. ideology
ideology
n. a set of ideas that an economic or political system is based on
analytic
adj. using word order rather than word endings to show the functions of words in a sentence
indefinite
adj. lasting for a period of time that has no fixed end
indefinitely
adv. for a period of time with no fixed limit
infer
v. to reach an opinion or decide that something is true on the basis of information that is available
inference
n. something that you can find out indirectly from what you already know
infinite
n. something that has no end
infinitely
adv. very much
infinite
adj. very great; impossible to measure
innovate
v. to introduce new things, ideas, or ways of doing something
innovator
n. innovate
innovation
n. the introduction of new things, ideas or ways of doing something
innovative
adj. introducing or using new ideas, ways of doing something, etc
insert
n. an extra section added to a book, newspaper or magazine, especially to advertise something
insertion
n. the act of putting something inside something else; a thing that is put inside something else
intervene
v. to become involved in a situation in order to improve or help it
intervention
n. intervene
invisibly
adv. invisible
invisibility
n. invisible
invisible
adj. that cannot be seen
irreversible
adj. that cannot be changed back to what it was before
irreversibly
adv. irreversible
isolate
v. to separate somebody/something physically or socially from other people or things
isolated
adj. (of buildings and places) far away from any others
isolation
n. the act of separating somebody/something; the state of being separate
isolationism
n. the policy of not becoming involved in the affairs of other countries or groups
analytical
adj. using a logical method of thinking about something in order to understand it, especially by looking at all the parts separately
media
n. the main ways that large numbers of people receive information and entertainment, that is television, radio, newspapers and the Internet
mode
n. a particular way of doing something; a particular type of something
paradigm
n. a typical example or pattern of something
paradigmatic
adj. paradigm
phenomenal
adj. very great or impressive
phenomenon
n. a fact or an event in nature or society, especially one that is not fully understood
prioritization
n. prioritize
prioritize
v. to put tasks, problems, etc. in order of importance, so that you can deal with the most important first
priority
n. something that you think is more important than other things and should be dealt with first
prohibit
v. to stop something from being done or used especially by law
prohibition
n. law forbidding something
prohibitive
adj. (of a price or a cost) so high that it prevents people from buying something or doing something
prohibitively
adv. prohibitive
publication
n. the act of printing a book, a magazine, etc. and making it available to the public; a book, a magazine, etc. that has been published
quotation
n. a group of words or a short piece of writing taken from a book, play, speech, etc. and repeated because it is interesting or useful
release
n. the act of setting a person or an animal free; the state of being set free
reversal
n. a change of something so that it is the opposite of what it was
reverse
adj. opposite to what has been mentioned
reverse
n. the opposite of what has just been mentioned
reversibility
n. reversible
reversible
adj. that can be turned inside out and worn or used with either side showing
simulate
v. to pretend that you have a particular feeling
simulated
adj. not real, but made to look, feel, etc. like the real thing
simulation
n. a situation in which a particular set of conditions is created artificially in order to study or experience something that could exist in reality
sole
n. the bottom surface of the foot
sole
v. to repair a shoe by replacing the sole
sole
adj. only; single
solely
adv. only; not involving somebody/something else
somewhat
adv. to some degree
submission
n. the act of accepting that somebody has defeated you and that you must obey them
submit
v. to give a document, proposal, etc. to somebody in authority so that they can study or consider it
succession
n. a number of people or things that follow each other in time or order
successive
adj. following immediately one after the other
successively
adv. successive
successor
n. a person or thing that comes after somebody/something else and takes their/its place
survival
n. the state of continuing to live or exist, often despite difficulty or danger
survive
v. to continue to live or exist
survivor
n. a person who continues to live, especially despite being nearly killed or experiencing great danger or difficulty
thesis
n. a long piece of writing completed by a student as part of a university degree, based on their own research
topic
n. a subject that you talk, write or learn about
topical
adj. connected with something that is happening or of interest at the present time
topicality
n. topical
transmission
n. the act or process of passing something from one person, place or thing to another
transmit
v. to send an electronic signal, radio or television broadcast, etc
ultimate
n. (informal) the best, most advanced, greatest, etc. of its kind
ultimately
adv. in the end; finally
unaided
adj. without help from anyone or anything
undeniably
adv. undeniable
undeniable
adj. true or certain; that cannot be denied
unique
adj. being the only one of its kind
uniqueness
n. unique
uniquely
adv. unique
visibility
n. how far or well you can see, especially as affected by the light or the weather
visible
adj. that can be seen
visibly
adv. in a way that is easily noticeable
voluntarily
adv. willingly; without being forced
voluntary
n. a piece of music played before, during or after a church service, usually on an organ
volunteer
v. to offer to do something without being forced to do it or without getting paid for it
volunteer
n. a person who does a job without being paid for it