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Sublist 3


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alternative
adj. that can be used instead of something else
alternatively
adv. used to introduce a suggestion that is a second choice or possibility
circumstance
n. the conditions and facts that are connected with and affect a situation, an event or an action
comment
v. to express an opinion about something
commentary
n. a spoken description of an event that is given while it is happening, especially on the radio or television
commentator
n. a person who is an expert on a particular subject and talks or writes about it on television or radio, or in a newspaper
compensate
v. to provide something good to balance or reduce the bad effects of damage, loss, etc.
compensation
n. something, especially money, that somebody gives you because they have hurt you, or damaged something that you own; the act of giving this to somebody
compensatory
adj. compensate
component
n. one of several parts of which something is made
consensus
n. an opinion that all members of a group agree with
consent
v. to agree to something or give your permission for something
considerable
adj. great in amount, size, importance, etc.
considerably
adv. much; a lot
constancy
n. the quality of staying the same and not changing
constant
n. (technical) a number or quantity that does not vary
constantly
adv. all the time; repeatedly
constrain
v. to force somebody to do something or behave in a particular way
constraint
n. a thing that limits or restricts something, or your freedom to do something
contribute
v. to give something, especially money or goods, to help somebody/something
contribution
n. a sum of money that is given to a person or an organization in order to help pay for something
contributor
n. a person who writes articles for a magazine or a book, or who talks on a radio or television programme or at a meeting
convene
v. to arrange for people to come together for a formal meeting
convention
n. the way in which something is done that most people in a society expect and consider to be polite or the right way to do it
conventional
adj. tending to follow what is done or considered acceptable by society in general; normal and ordinary, and perhaps not very interesting
conventionally
adv. conventional
conventionality
n. conventional
coordinate
n. either of two numbers or letters used to fix the position of a point on a map or graph
coordination
n. the act of making parts of something, groups of people, etc. work together in an efficient and organized way
coordinator
n. coordinate
core
v. to take out the core of a fruit
corporate
adj. connected with a corporation
corporation
n. a large business company
correspond
v. to be the same as or match something
correspondence
n. the letters a person sends and receives
corresponding
adj. matching or connected with something that you have just mentioned
correspondingly
adv. corresponding
criterion
n. a standard or principle by which something is judged, or with the help of which a decision is made
deduce
v. to form an opinion about something based on the information or evidence that is available
deducible
adj. deduce
deduction
n. the process of using information you have in order to understand a particular situation or to find the answer to a problem
demonstration
n. a public meeting or march at which people show that they are protesting against or supporting somebody/something
demonstrable
adj. that can be shown or proved
demonstrably
adv. demonstrable
demonstrate
v. to show something clearly by giving proof or evidence
demonstrative
adj. showing feelings openly, especially feelings of affection
demonstratively
adv. demonstrative
demonstrator
n. a person who takes part in a public meeting or march in order to protest against somebody/something or to show support for somebody/something
disproportion
n. the state of two things not being at an equally high or low level; an example of this
disproportionately
adv. disproportionate
disproportionate
adj. too large or too small when compared with something else
document
v. to record the details of something
documentation
n. the documents that are required for something, or that give evidence or proof of something
dominance
n. dominant
dominant
adj. more important, powerful or noticeable than other things
dominate
v. to control or have a lot of influence over somebody/something, especially in an unpleasant way
domination
n. dominate
emphasis
n. special importance that is given to something
emphasize
v. to give special importance to something
emphatic
adj. an emphatic statement, answer, etc. is given with force to show that it is important
emphatically
adv. emphatic
ensure
v. to make sure that something happens or is definite
exclude
v. to deliberately not include something in what you are doing or considering
excluding
n. not including
exclusion
n. the act of preventing somebody/something from entering a place or taking part in something
exclusionary
adj. designed to prevent a particular person or group of people from taking part in something or doing something
exclusive
n. an item of news or a story about famous people that is published in only one newspaper or magazine
exclusiveness
n. exclusive
exclusively
adv. exclusive
exclusive
adj. only to be used by one particular person or group; only given to one particular person or group
framework
n. the parts of a building or an object that support its weight and give it shape
fund
v. to provide money for something, usually something official
funder
n. a person or an organization that provides money for a particular purpose
funding
n. money for a particular purpose; the act of providing money for such a purpose
illustrate
v. to use pictures, photographs, diagrams, etc. in a book, etc
illustration
n. a drawing or picture in a book, magazine, etc. especially one that explains something
illustrative
adj. helping to explain something or show it more clearly
immigrant
n. a person who has come to live permanently in a country that is not their own
immigrate
v. to come and live permanently in a country after leaving your own country
immigration
n. the process of coming to live permanently in a country that is not your own; the number of people who do this
immigration control
n. the place at a port, an airport, etc. where the passports and other documents of people coming into a country are checked
imply
v. to suggest that something is true or that you feel or think something, without saying so directly
inconstancy
n. inconstant
inconstant
adj. 1 not faithful in love or friendship - 2 that frequently changes
initial
v. to mark or sign something with your initials
initially
adv. at the beginning
instance
v. (formal) to give something as an example
insufficiency
n. insufficient
insufficiently
adv. insufficient
insufficient
adj. not large, strong or important enough for a particular purpose
interact
v. to communicate with somebody, especially while you work, play or spend time with them
interaction
n. interact
interactive
adj. that involves people working together and having an influence on each other
interactively
adv. interactive
interactivity
n. interactive
invalidate
v. to prove that an idea, a story, an argument, etc. is wrong
invalidation
n. invalidate
invalidity
n. the state of not being legally or officially acceptable
justifiably
adv. justifiable
justifiable
adj. existing or done for a good reason, and therefore acceptable
justification
n. a good reason why something exists or is done
justified
adj. having a good reason for doing something
justify
v. to show that somebody/something is right or reasonable
layer
v. to arrange something in layers
link
v. to make a physical or electronic connection between one object, machine, place, etc. and another
linkage
n. the act of linking things; a link or system of links
locate
v. to find the exact position of somebody/something
located
adj. if something is located in a particular place, it exists there or has been put there
location
n. a place where something happens or exists; the position of something
max out
v. to reach, or make something reach, the limit at which nothing more is possible
maximization
n. maximize
maximize
v. to increase something as much as possible
maximum
n. the greatest amount, size, speed, etc. that is possible, recorded or allowed
minor
v. to study something at college, but not as your main subject
minority
n. the smaller part of a group; less than half of the people or things in a large group
negate
v. to stop something from having any effect
negative
v. to refuse to agree to a proposal or a request
negatively
adv. negative
negative
adj. bad or harmful
nuclear reactor
n. a large structure used for the controlled production of nuclear energy
outcome
n. the result or effect of an action or event
partner
v. to be somebody's partner in a dance, game, etc
partnership
n. the state of being a partner in business
philosopher
n. a person who studies or writes about philosophy
philosophical
adj. connected with philosophy
philosophically
adv. philosophical
philosophize
v. to talk about something in a serious way, especially when other people think this is boring
philosophizing
n. philosophize
philosophy
n. the study of the nature and meaning of the universe and of human life
physical examination
n. a medical examination of a person's body, for example, to check that they are fit enough to do a particular job
physically
adv. in a way that is connected with a person's body rather than their mind
proportion
n. a part or share of a whole
proportional
adj. of an appropriate size, amount or degree in comparison with something
proportionally
adv. proportional
proportionate
adj. increasing or decreasing in size, amount or degree according to changes in something else
proportionately
adv. proportionate
publish
v. to produce a book, magazine, CD-ROM, etc. and sell it to the public
publisher
n. a person or company that prepares and prints books, magazines, newspapers or electronic products and makes them available to the public
publishing
n. the profession or business of preparing and printing books, magazines, CD-ROMs, etc. and selling or making them available to the public
react
v. to change or behave in a particular way as a result of or in response to something
reaction
n. what you do, say or think as a result of something that has happened
reactionary
n. a person who is opposed to political or social change
reactionary
adj. reactionary
reactivate
v. to make something start working or happening again after a period of time
reactivation
n. reactivate
reactive
adj. showing a reaction or response
register
n. an official list or record of names, items, etc; a book that contains such a list
registration
n. the act of making an official record of something/somebody
reliably
adv. reliable
reliability
n. reliable
reliable
adj. that can be trusted to do something well; that you can rely on
reliance
n. the state of needing somebody/something in order to survive, be successful, etc; the fact of being able to rely on somebody/something
reliant
adj. needing somebody/something in order to survive, be successful, etc.
relocate
v. to move or to move somebody/something to a new place to work or operate
relocation
n. relocate
rely on
v. to need or depend on somebody/something
removable
adj. that can be taken off or out of something
removal
n. the act of taking somebody/something away from a particular place
remove
n. an amount by which two things are separated
schematic
adj. in the form of a diagram that shows the main features or relationships but not the details
schematically
adv. schematic
scheme
v. to make secret plans to do something that will help yourself and possibly harm others
sequence
v. (technical) to arrange things into a sequence
sequencing
n. sequence
sequentially
adv. sequential
sequential
adj. following in order of time or place
sexism
n. the unfair treatment of people, especially women, because of their sex; the attitude that causes this
shift
n. a change in position or direction
specifiable
adj. specify
specify
v. to state something, especially by giving an exact measurement, time, exact instructions, etc
sufficiency
n. an amount of something that is enough for a particular purpose
sufficient
adj. enough for a particular purpose; as much as you need
sufficiently
adv. sufficient
task
v. (formal) to give somebody a task to do
technical
adj. connected with the practical use of machinery, methods, etc. in science and industry
technically
adv. according to the exact meaning, facts etc
technique
n. a particular way of doing something, especially one in which you have to learn special skills
technologically
adv. technology
technological
adj. technology
technology
n. scientific knowledge used in practical ways in industry, for example in designing new machines
unconstrained
adj. not restricted or limited
unconventional
adj. not following what is done or considered normal or acceptable by most people; different and interesting
unconventionality
n. unconventional
unconventionally
adv. unconventional
unjustified
adj. not fair or necessary
unpublished
adj. not published
unreliability
n. unreliable
unreliable
adj. that cannot be trusted or depended on
unspecified
adj. not stated clearly or definitely; not having been specified
valid
adj. that is legally or officially acceptable
validate
v. to prove that something is true
validation
n. validate
validity
n. the state of being legally or officially acceptable
validly
adv. valid
volume
n. the amount of space that an object or a substance fills; the amount of space that a container has