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Sublist 2


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abnormal
adj. different from what is usual or expected, especially in a way that is worrying, harmful or not wanted
abnormally
adv. abnormal
achievable
adj. achieve
achieve
v. to succeed in reaching a particular goal, status or standard, especially by making an effort for a long time
achievement
n. a thing that somebody has done successfully, especially using their own effort and skill
acquire
v. to gain something by your own efforts, ability or behaviour
acquisition
n. the act of getting something, especially knowledge, a skill, etc
administration
[u] n. the activities that are done in order to plan, organize and run a business, school or other institution
administrative
adj. connected with organizing the work of a business or an institution
administratively
adv. administrative
administrator
n. a person whose job is to manage and organize the public or business affairs of a company or an institution
affect
v. to produce a change in somebody/something
affective
adj. connected with emotions and attitudes
affectively
adv. affective
appropriacy
[u] n. the extent to which something is suitable or acceptable
appropriate
v. to take something, somebody's ideas, etc. for your own use, especially illegally or without permission
appropriateness
n. appropriate
appropriately
adj. appropriate
aspect
n. a particular part or feature of a situation, an idea, a problem, etc; a way in which it may be considered
assist
n. an action in hockey, baseball, etc. in which a player helps another player on the same team to score a goal or point
assistance
n. help or support
assistant
(often in titles) having a rank below a senior person and helping them in their work
categorization
n. categorize
categorize
v. to put people or things into groups according to what type they are
category
n. a group of people or things with particular features in common
chapter
[u] n. a separate section of a book, usually with a number or title
commission
v. to officially ask somebody to write, make or create something or to do a task for you
commissioner
n. a member of a commission
community
n. all the people who live in a particular area, country, etc. when talked about as a group
complex
n. a group of buildings of a similar type together in one place
complexity
[u] n. the state of being formed of many parts; the state of being difficult to understand
computable
adj. compute
compute
v. to calculate something
computation
n. an act or the process of calculating something
computational
adj. using or connected with computers
computer
n. an electronic machine that can store, organize and find information, do calculations and control other machines
computing
n. the fact of using computers
conclude
v. to decide or believe something as a result of what you have heard or seen
conclusion
n. something that you decide when you have thought about all the information connected with the situation
conclusive
adj. proving something, and allowing no doubt or confusion
conclusively
adv. conclusive
conduct
n. a person's behaviour in a particular place or in a particular situation
consequence
n. a result of something that has happened
consequent
adj. happening as a result of something
consequently
adv. as a result; therefore
construct
n. an idea or a belief that is based on various pieces of evidence which are not always true
construction
[u] n. the process or method of building or making something, especially roads, buildings, bridges, etc
constructive
adj. having a useful and helpful effect rather than being negative or with no purpose
constructively
adv. constructive
consume
n. to use something, especially fuel, energy or time
consumer
n. a person who buys goods or uses services
consumption
[u] n. the act of using energy, food or materials; the amount used
credit
v. to add an amount of money to somebody's bank account
creditor
n. a person, company, etc. that somebody owes money to
cultural
adj. connected with the culture of a particular society or group, its customs, beliefs, etc
culturally
adv. cultural
culture
v. to grow a group of cells or bacteria for medical or scientific study
cultured
adj. (of people) well educated and able to understand and enjoy art, literature, etc.
decal
n. a picture or design that can be removed from a piece of paper and stuck onto a surface, for example by being pressed or heated
defining
adj. preventing people from doing what they want
deregulate
v. to free a trade, a business activity, etc. from rules and controls
deregulation
n. deregulate
deregulatory
adj. deregulate
design
v. to decide how something will look, work, etc, especially by drawing plans or making models
designer
adj. made by a famous designer; expensive and having a famous brand name
distinct
adj. easily or clearly heard, seen, felt, etc
distinction
n. a clear difference or contrast especially between people or things that are similar or related
distinctive
adj. having a quality or characteristic that makes something different and easily noticed
distinctively
adv. distinctive
distinctly
adv. distinct
distinctness
n. distinct
element
n. a necessary or typical part of something
equate
v. to think that something is the same as something else or is as important
equation
n. a statement showing that two amounts or values are equal, for example 2x + y = 54
evaluate
v. o form an opinion of the amount, value or quality of something after thinking about it carefully
evaluation
n. evaluate
evaluative
adj. evaluate
feature
v. to include a particular person or thing as a special feature
final
n. the last of a series of games or competitions in which the winner is decided
finality
n. the quality of being final and impossible to change
finalization
n. finalize
finalize
v. to complete the last part of a plan, trip, project, etc
finally
adv. after a long time, especially when there has been some difficulty or delay
focus
n. the thing or person that people are most interested in; the act of paying special attention to something and making people interested in it
focal point
n. (physics) a point at which waves of light, sound, etc. meet after reflection or refraction; the point from which waves of light, sound, etc. seem to come
impact
v. to have an effect on something
inappropriately
adv. inappropriate
inappropriateness
n. inappropriate
inappropriacy
n. inappropriate
inappropriate
adj. not suitable or appropriate in a particular situation
inconclusive
adj. not leading to a definite decision or result
inconclusively
adv. inconclusive
indistinct
adj. that cannot be seen, heard or remembered clearly
indistinctly
adv. indistinct
injure
v. to harm yourself or somebody else physically, especially in an accident
injured
adj. physically hurt; having an injury
injury
n. harm done to a person's or an animal's body, for example in an accident
insecure
adj. not confident about yourself or your relationships with other people
insecurely
adv. insecure
insecurity
n. insecure
institute
v. to introduce a system, policy, etc. or start a process
institution
n. a large important organization that has a particular purpose, for example, a university or bank
institutional
adj. connected with an institution
institutionally
adv. institutional
institutionalization
n. institutionalize
institutionalize
to send somebody who is not capable of living independently to live in a special building (= an institution) especially when it is for a long period of time
institutionalized
adj. that has happened or been done for so long that it is considered normal
invest
v. to buy property, shares in a company, etc. in the hope of making a profit
investment
n. the act of investing money in something
investor
n. a person or an organization that invests money in something
irrelevance
n. lack of importance to or connection with a situation
irrelevantly
adv. irrelevant
irrelevant
adj. not important to or connected with a situation
item
n. one thing on a list of things to buy, do, talk about, etc
itemize
v. to produce a detailed list of things
journal
n. a newspaper or magazine that deals with a particular subject or profession
maintain
v. to make something continue at the same level, standard, etc.
maintenance
n. the act of keeping something in good condition by checking or repairing it regularly
non-traditional
adj. not following the usual methods, practices, etc. in a particular area of activity
normal
n. the usual or average state, level or standard
normality
n. a situation where everything is normal or as you would expect it to be
normalization
n. normalize
normalize
v. to fit or make something fit a normal pattern or condition
normally
adv. usually; in normal circumstances
obtain
v. to get something, especially by making an effort
obtainable
adj. that can be obtained
participant
n. a person who is taking part in an activity or event
participate
v.to take part in or become involved in an activity
participation
n. the act of taking part in an activity or event
participatory
adj. allowing everyone in a society, business, etc. to give their opinions and to help make decisions
perceive
v. to notice or become aware of something
perception
n. the way you notice things, especially with the senses
police commissioner
n. the head of a particular police force in some countries
positive
n. good, confident
positively
adv. used to emphasize the truth of a statement, especially when this is surprising or when it contrasts with a previous statement
potential
n. the possibility of something happening or being developed or used
potentially
adv. potential
previous
adj. happening or existing before the event or object that you are talking about
previously
adv. previous
previous to
prop. previous
primarily
adv. mainly
primary
c. (in the US) an election in which people in a particular area vote to choose a candidate for a future important election
purchase
v. to buy something
purchaser
n. a person who buys something
purchasing
n. the activity of buying things, especially for a company
range
v. to vary between two particular amounts, sizes, etc, including others between them
reconstruct
v. to build or make something again that has been damaged or that no longer exists
reconstruction
n. the process of changing or improving the condition of something or the way it works; the process of putting something back into the state it was in before
re-evaluate
v. to think about something again, especially in order to form a new opinion about it
re-evaluation
n. re-evaluate
refocus
v. to give attention, effort, etc. to something new or different
region
n. a large area of land, usually without exact limits or borders
regionally
adv. regional
regional
adj. of or relating to a region
regulate
v. to control something by means of rules
regulation
n. that must be worn or used according to the official rules
regulator
n. a person or an organization that officially controls an area of business or industry and makes sure that it is operating fairly
regulatory
adj. having the power to control an area of business or industry and make sure that it is operating fairly
reinvestment
n. reinvest
reinvest
v. to put profits that have been made on an investment back into the same investment or into a new one
relevance
n. relevant
relevantly
adv. relevant
relevant
adj. closely connected with the subject you are discussing or the situation you are thinking about
reside
v. to live in a particular place
residence
n. a house, especially a large or impressive one
residency
n. permission to live in a country that is not your own
resident
adj. living in a particular place
residential
adj. (of an area of a town) suitable for living in; consisting of houses rather than factories or offices
resource
v. to provide something with the money or equipment that is needed
resourcefulness
n. resourceful
resourcefully
adv. resourceful
resourceful
adj. good at finding ways of doing things and solving problems, etc.
restrict
v. to limit the size, amount or range of something
restricted
adj. limited or small in size or amount
restriction
n. a rule or law that limits what you can do or what can happen
restrictive
adj. preventing people from doing what they want
restrictively
adv. restrictive
secure
v. to obtain or achieve something, especially when this means using a lot of effort
securely
adv. secure
security
n. the activities involved in protecting a country, building or person against attack, danger, etc
seek
v. to look for something/somebody
select
adj. carefully chosen as the best out of a larger group of people or things
selection
n. the process of choosing somebody/something from a group of people or things, usually according to a system
selective
adj. affecting or concerned with only a small number of people or things from a larger group
selectively
adv. selective
selectivity
n. selective
selector
n. a person who chooses the members of a particular sports team
site
v. to build or place something in a particular position
sought
past tense, past participle of seek
strategic
adj. done as part of a plan that is meant to achieve a particular purpose or to gain an advantage
strategically
adv. strategic
strategist
n. a person who is skilled at planning things, especially military activities
strategy
n. a plan that is intended to achieve a particular purpose
survey
v. to look carefully at the whole of something, especially in order to get a general impression of it
text
v. to send somebody a written message using a mobile/cell phone
textual
adj. connected with or contained in a text
tradition
n. a belief, custom or way of doing something that has existed for a long time among a particular group of people; a set of these beliefs or customs
traditional
adj. being part of the beliefs, customs or way of life of a particular group of people, that have not changed for a long time
traditionalist
n. a person who prefers tradition to modern ideas or ways of doing things
traditionally
adv. traditional
transfer
n. the act of moving somebody/something from one place, group or job to another; an occasion when this happens
transferable
adj. that can be moved from one place, person or use to another
transferability
n. transferable
transference
n. the process of moving something from one place, person or use to another
unaffected
adj. not changed or influenced by something; not affected by something
unassisted
adj. not helped by anyone or anything
uncultured
adj. not well educated; not able to understand or enjoy art, literature, etc.
under-resourced
adj. not provided with as much money or as many staff, materials, etc. as are needed
uninjured
adj. not hurt or injured in any way
unobtainable
adj. that cannot be obtained
unregulated
adj. not controlled by laws or regulations
unrestricted
adj. not controlled or limited in any way