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Level 6

Wine making and general


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White wine is generally fermented for how long?
2 to 4 weeks
White wine is generally fermented at what temperature?
Between 12 and 22 degrees
Red wine is generally macerated for how long?
1 to 2 weeks
Red wine is generally fermented at what temperature?
Between 20 and 32 degrees
The process of fermenting whole grapes in a carbon dioxide-rich environment is called?
Carbonic maceration
Carbonic maceration is most associated with which region?
Beaujolais
Sec means?
Dry
Moelleux means?
Medium Sweet
Trocken means?
Dry
Halbtrocken means?
Medium Dry
Give an example of a wine made Sur Lie?
Muscadet
Spain - period in oak in ascending order?
Crianza, Reserva, Gran Reserva
What would go with foie gras?
Sauternes
What would go with Stilton?
Port
What would go with Fino Sherry?
Olives
Salt is tasted where?
Near the front of the tongue
Sweetness is tasted where?
On the tip of the tongue
Sourness is tasted where?
On the side of the tongue
Alcohol is tasted where?
At the back of the tongue
Tanins are tasted where?
On the gums
Bitterness is tasted where?
Near the back of the tongue
Rose is fermented at what temperature?
Between 12 and 22 degrees
Rose has contact with skin for how long?
12 to 36 hours
Weather in a landmass?
Hot summers and cold winters
Weather near an ocean?
Moderates temperature
Cool climate wines?
More acidity, less alcohol, not as rich
Hot climate wines?
More alcohol, less acidity, richer
Flavours from oaking in American oak?
vanilla and coconut
Flavours from oaking in French oak?
toasty and nutty
What is the capacity of a barrique oak barrel?
225 litres
What does malolactic fermentation do to a wine?
Softens acids
Which wine is most closely associated with 'sur lie' wine making?
Muscadet
Age: Purple and ruby colours indicate what?
Youth in red wines
Age: Garnet colour indicates what?
Age in red wines
Vin de France is the new term for what used to be called?
Vin de table
Age: Lemon coloured wine is?
Young
Age: Golden coloured wine indicates?
Some age
Age: Amber coloured wine indicates?
Older wine