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Directional anatomical terms


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Dorsal
To the top (old)
Ventral
To the bottom (old)
Caudal
To the back (like spinal chord; old)
Rostral
To the front (old)
Posterior
To the back (new)
Anterior
To the front (new)
Superior
To the top (new)
Inferior
To the bottom (new)
Medial
To the middle
Lateral
To the body borders
Ipsilateral
On the same side
Contralateral
On the other side
Proximal
Near a point of reference
Distal
Far from a point of reference
Afferent
Projecting toward
Efferent
Projecting away from
Coronal or frontal slice
A brain section parallel to face; perpendular to the ground and perpendicular to the neuraxis (reserved for brain)
Sagittal or lateral slice
A brain section from ventral (front) to dorsal (rear) dividing the body into right and left halves.
Horizontal or axial or transverse slice
A brain section parallel to the ground
Midsagittal or median slice
A sagittal / lateral slice running through the midline of the brain
Neuraxis
Imaginary line that runs rostro-caudally throughout the length of the brain and spinal cord
Bilateral
Involving both hemispheres
Unilateral
Involving one hemisphere