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Nucleotides - coding/DNA - information


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Deoxyribose
A pentose sugar that is found in DNA
Ribose
A pentose sugar that is found in RNA
Adenine
Organic nitrogenous base that pairs up with thymine
Thymine
Organic nitrogenous base that pairs up with adenine
Guanine
Organic nitrogenous base that pairs up with cytosine
Cytosine
Organic nitrogenous base that pairs up with guanine
Uracil
Organic nitrogenous base that only appears in RNA, where it replaces thymine
Pyrimidines
The group of organic nitrogenous bases that only have one ring in their structure (T, C, U)
Purine
The group organic nitrogenous bases that have two rings in their structure (A, G)
Gout
A painful condition caused by excessive nucleic acid
Semi-Conservative Replication
DNA replication in which new strands contain an original and a new strand of DNA
Complementary
The term given to the base pairs as they always match up in the same format