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Biochemicals and Bonds


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Covalent Bonds
Strong bonds that help form new molecules, when electrons are shared between atoms to make them stable
Monomer
Single, small molecules
Polymer
Many monomers joined together
Monosaccharides
Monomer of a carbohydrate
Polysaccharides
Polymer of a carbohydrate
Amino acids
Monomer of a protein
Polypeptides
Polymer of a protein
Nucleotides
Monomer of a nucleic acid
DNA
Polymer of a nucleic acid
Condensation
A chemical reaction that links biological molecules. A water molecule is released in the process
Hydrolysis
A chemical reaction that breaks biological molecules apart. A water molecule is used in the process
Hydrogen bonds
"Interactions" between the slightly negatively charged part of one molecule and the slightly positively charged part of another