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Level 13

Enzymes: cofactors/investigating action


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Cofactor
Any substance that controls the rate of enzyme reaction
Coenzymes
Small, organic, non-protein molecules that bind for a short time to the active site
Prosthetic groups
A small, organic, non-protein molecule that bind to the enzyme permenantly
Inorganic ion cofactors
Cofactors that increases the reaction rate by changing the charge distribution
Equilibration
Putting the enzyme and substrate into a water bath seperately in order to get them to their required temperature
Reaction Rate
The speed in which a reaction takes place. Calculated by 1/time