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Level 201

Agriculture


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agriculture
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
peasant
a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement
farmer
person who works the land or who keeps livestock
tractor
a wheeled vehicle with large wheels; used in farming and other applications
harvester
farm machine that gathers a food crop from the fields
plough
A device pulled through the ground in order to break it open into furrows for planting.
to plough
To use a plough on to prepare for planting.
ploughland
el campo arado; le champ labouré; der Acker; o campo arado; il campo arato
furrow
a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface
to sow
To scatter, disperse, or plant .
seeder
agric: a sowing machine
sowing
siembra; les semailles; die Aussaat; a semeadura; La semina
scythe
an edge tool for cutting grass; has a long handle that must be held with both hands and a curved blade that moves parallel to the ground
to mow, to scythe
segar; faucher; Mähen; cortar; falciare
shovel
tool for moving portions of material
hoe
a tool with a flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle
to hoe, to weed
escardar; sarcler; Unkraut; Erva daninha; sarchiare
weed
any plant that crowds out cultivated plants
watering can
utensil for watering plants
to water
To provide with water.
watering
el regadío; l'arrosage; der Bewässerung, -en; a rega; irrigazione
pitchfork
a long-handled hand tool with sharp widely spaced prongs for lifting and pitching hay
rake
a long-handled tool with a row of teeth at its head; used to move leaves or loosen soil
fertilizer
A natural substance that is used to make the ground more suitable for growing plants.
to fertilize
To make more fertile by adding nutrients to it.
manure
any animal or plant material used to fertilize land especially animal excreta usually with litter material
field
An area reserved for playing a game.
meadow
a field where grass or alfalfa are grown to be made into hay
to herd
To form or put into a herd.
herdsman
el pastor; le berger; der Hirt; o pastor; il bovaro
pastureland
agric: a grassland for grazing cattle
cattle breeding
la ganadería; l'élevage; die Zucht; a procriação; l'allevamento
sheep farming
la ganadería de carneros; l'élevage de moutons; die Schafhaltung; o criação de ovinos; la pastorizia
plantation
Large farm; estate or area of land designated for agricultural growth. Often includes housing for the owner and workers.
row
an arrangement of objects or people side by side in a line
hothouse
invernáculo; la serre chaude; das Treibhaus; estufa; la serra
drought
a period of below average rain fall
grain
a relatively small granular particle of a substance
to harvest
To bring in a harvest; reap; glean.
miller
A person who owns or operates a mill, especially a flour mill.
mill
A manufacturing plant for paper, steel, textiles, etc.
to grind
To make smaller by breaking with a device.
straw
plant fiber used e.g. for making baskets and hats or as fodder