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monocle
A round piece of glass worn, especially in the past, in front of one eye in order to help you to see more clearly.
mottled
Covered with areas of different colours that do not form a regular pattern.
oats
A plant that is a type of grass, or its grain used in baking and cooking or to feed animals.
pickle
Vegetables or fruit that have been preserved in a vinegar sauce or salty water.
pictorial
Shown in the form of a picture or photograph.
postulate
To suggest a theory, idea, etc. as a basic principle from which a further idea is formed or developed.
preservative
A substance used to prevent decay in wood.
rarefied
intended for a small group of people who are very intelligent, rich, powerful etc. This word often shows that you think people like this believe they are better than ordinary people; (of air) with little oxygen.
rooster
a male chicken. The usual British word is cock.
rye
A type of grain, the seeds of which are used to make flour or whisky or to feed animals.
scenery
The general appearance of the natural environment, especially when it is beautiful.
scone
A small, round cake like bread, made from flour, milk, and a little fat.
sleek
(especially of hair, clothes, or shapes) smooth, shiny, and lying close to the body, and therefore looking well cared for; not untidy and with no parts sticking out.
snag
A problem, difficulty, or disadvantage.
speck
A very small mark, piece, or amount.
stocky
Describes a person, especially a man, whose body is wide across the shoulders and chest and who is short.
sundae
A food made from ice cream, with pieces of fruit, nuts, cream, sweet sauce, etc. on top of it.
syringe
a needle fitted to a plastic tube, used for taking blood from your body or for putting medicine or drugs into it
tiff
A slight argument.
trough
A long, narrow container without a lid that usually holds water or food for farm animals.
tuck
To push a loose end of a piece of clothing or material into a particular place or position, especially to make it tidy or comfortable.
upstart
A person, especially a young one, who has suddenly got power or an important position and takes advantage of this in an unpleasant way.
wall-mounted
fixed to a wall
whey
a thin liquid that is formed when milk becomes sour
zucchini
US for courgette.
sinkhole
a circular hole in the ground, formed when a rock such as limestone is gradually damaged by water and begins to disappear
cordial
A stimulant; a tonic.; A liqueur.
dairy
A commercial establishment for processing or selling milk and milk products.; food containing milk or milk products
hives
a medical condition in which you get red itchy spots on your skin, often because you have eaten a particular food. The medical name for this is urticaria.
coeliac disease
a medical condition in which the body cannot digest food (=use and get rid of it properly) that contains gluten (=wheat protein)
scenic
Having or allowing you to see beautiful natural features.
inky
black, or a very dark colour
cable car
a small vehicle that hangs from a cable, used for taking people up and down mountains
swim trunks
swimsuit worn by men while swimming
fare
the money that you pay for a journey
level
To make horizontal, flat, or even
ground zero
The exact place where a nuclear bomb explodes.
acquired taste
One that is unpleasant on immediate experience or is likeable only after being experienced repeatedly.
dank
(especially of buildings and air) wet, cold, and unpleasant.
resort
A place where many people go for rest, sport, or another stated purpose.
blaze
To burn brightly and strongly.
escalate
To become or make something become greater or more serious.
foment
to encourage people to have angry feelings or to protest or fight
heartland
The central or most important area.
juror
A member of a jury.
litigate
To ask for a disagreement to be discussed in a court of law so that a judgment can be made that must be accepted by both sides in the argument.
premeditated
(especially of a crime or something unpleasant) done after being thought about or carefully planned.
punitive
Intended as a punishment.
spar
To practise boxing, without hitting hard.; To bandy words about in argument; dispute.
babble
To talk or say something in a quick, confused, excited, or silly way.
bleat
When a sheep or goat bleats, it makes the typical sound of these animals.
chord
Three or more musical notes played at the same time.; A line segment that joins two points on a curve.
churn
To move something, especially a liquid, with great force.
clack
A short sharp noise made by two hard objects being hit together.
cluck
if a chicken ___, it makes its usual short low sound
crackle
To make a lot of short, dry, sharp sounds.
founder
To sink below the surface of the water
head-on
Describes an accident in which the fronts of two vehicles hit each other.
hiss
To make a noise like a long 's'.
honk
If a goose or a car horn ___, it makes a short, loud sound.
jeer
To laugh or shout insults at someone to show you have no respect for them.
jingle
To make a repeated gentle ringing sound, or to make things do this.
kinsman
Someone who belongs to the same family.
neigh
A long, loud, high call that is produced by a horse when it is excited or frightened.
knickers
a piece of underwear for a woman's lower body. The American word is panties.
pail
A bucket.
plow/plough
to turn over the soil before putting seeds into it using a plough
rowdy
Noisy and possibly violent.
scant
Very little and not enough.
seethe
To feel very angry but to be unable or unwilling to express it clearly.
sickening
Extremely unpleasant and causing you to feel shock and anger.
sizzle
To make a sound like food cooking in hot fat.
slam
To (cause to) move against a hard surface with force and usually a loud noise.
sputter
To make several quick explosive sounds.
squelch
To make a sucking sound like the one produced when you are walking on soft, wet ground.; To put down or silence, as with a crushing retort
stifle
To (cause to) be unable to breathe because you have no air.
strain
To pull, draw, or stretch tight
strum
To move your fingers across the strings of a guitar or similar instrument.
thud
The sound that is made when something heavy falls or hits something else.
whack
To hit someone or something noisily.
mount
To prepare and set in motion.
push
To urge forward or urge insistently; pressure; To bear hard upon; press
on course
Lit. going in the right direction or on the right route.; Fig. following the plan correctly.
stand down
To withdraw, as from a political contest.; To go off duty.
on board
Fig. employed by someone; working with someone.
bar
A standard, expectation, or degree of requirement
celebratory
Celebrating an important event or a special occasion.
clink
To (cause something to) make a short ringing sound like pieces of glass or metal knocking lightly together.
contrived
Clever rather than honest.; false or artificial
coo
When birds such as doves and pigeons coo, they make a low soft sound.
crucify
To kill someone by tying or fastening them with nails to a cross and leaving them there to die.
depredation
(an act causing) damage or destruction.
desecrate
To damage or show no respect towards something holy or very much respected.
dove
A white or grey bird, often used as a symbol of peace.
foliage
The leaves of a plant or tree, or leaves on the stems or branches on which they are growing.
footfall
The sound of a person's foot hitting the ground as they walk.
gab
To talk continuously and eagerly, especially about things that are not important.
gush
To flow or send out quickly and in large amounts.
minster
Used in Britain in the name of a large or important church.
pagan
Belonging to a religion that worships many gods, especially one which existed before the main world religions.