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Common Prefixes in Coptic


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Ⲁⲛ-
turns the word following it into a ‘collection’ with distinct features.
ⲡⲓϣⲁϣϥ
seven
ⲡⲓⲀⲛϣⲁϣϥ
The week
ⲡⲓϢⲁⲛϣ
nourishment
ⲡⲓⲀⲛϣⲁⲛϣ
The livestock
ⲡⲓⲤⲁϫⲓ
The word
ⲡⲓⲀⲛⲥⲁϫⲓ
The dictionary
ϯⲖⲁⲙⲡⲁⲥ
The lamp
ϯⲀⲛⲗⲁⲙⲡⲁⲥ
The chandelier
ⲡⲓⲔⲁⲥ
The bone
ⲡⲓⲀⲛⲕⲁⲥ
The skeleton
ⲡⲓⲦⲱⲟⲩ
The mountain
ⲡⲓⲀⲛⲧⲱⲟⲩ
The mountain range
Ⲁⲧ-
cancels the meaning of the word following it. Equals the English noun suffix “-less”.
ϯⲤ̀ⲙⲏ
The Voice
Ⲁⲧⲥ̀ⲙⲏ
Mute (adj)
ⲡⲓⲈ̀ⲙⲓ
The Knowledge
Ⲁⲧⲉ̀ⲙⲓ
Ignorant (adj)
ⲡⲓⲐⲱⲗⲉⲃ
The pollution
Ⲁⲧⲑⲱⲗⲉⲃ
Unpolluted (adj)
ⲡⲓⲤⲁϫⲓ
The word
Ⲁⲧⲥⲁϫⲓ
Speechless (adj)
‎ⲫ̀Ⲛⲟⲩϯ
The God
Ⲁⲑⲛⲟⲩϯ
Godless (adj)
ϯϪⲟⲙ
The power
Ⲁⲧϫⲟⲙ
Powerless (adj)
Ⲣⲉⲙ-
describes a characteristic of the word following it.
Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ
Egypt
ⲡⲓⲢⲉⲙⲬⲏⲙⲓ
The Egyptians
ⲡⲓⲬ̀ⲣⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ
The Christ
ⲡⲓⲢⲉⲙⲬ̀ⲣⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ
The Christian
ⲧ̀Ⲫⲉ
The heaven
ⲡⲓⲢⲉⲙⲫⲉ
The Heavenly
ⲡⲓⲢⲏⲥ
The south
ⲡⲓⲢⲉⲙⲣⲏⲥ
The southerner
ⲡⲓⲔⲁϯ
The understanding
Ⲣⲉⲙⲕⲁϯ [adj]
Wise
ⲡⲓⲔⲟⲓ
Farm
Ⲣⲉⲙⲕⲟⲓ [adj]
Wild
Ⲗⲁ-
indicates an ‘abundance of’ the word following it.
ⲡⲓϤⲱⲓ
The hair
Ⲗⲁϥⲱⲓ [adj]
Hairy
Ⲗⲁⲥⲁϫⲓ [adj]
Talkative
ⲡⲓⲞⲩⲁⲓ
The one
Ⲗⲁⲟⲩⲁⲓ [adj]
Single
Ϧⲏⲧϥ
Inside of
Ⲗⲁϧⲏⲧϥ [adj]
Gluttonous
ⲡⲓⲐⲏⲟⲩ
The wind
Ⲗⲁⲑⲏⲟⲩ [adj]
Storm
ⲡⲓⲬ̀ⲣⲏⲙⲁ
The money
Ⲗⲁⲭ̀ⲣⲏⲙⲁ [adj]
Expensive
Ⲙⲉⲧ-
creates the abstract noun of an already existing noun or adjective.
Ⲛⲓϣϯ [adj]
Great
ϯⲘⲉⲧⲛⲓϣϯ
The greatness
Ⲕⲟⲩϫⲓ [adj]
Young
ϯⲘⲉⲧⲕⲟⲩϫⲓ [ⲧ]
The youth
ϯⲘⲉⲧⲁⲗⲟⲩ
The childhood
ϯⲘⲉⲧⲟⲩⲣⲟ
The kingdom
ϯⲘⲉⲑⲟⲩⲁⲓ
The unity
ϯⲘⲏⲓ
The true
ϯⲘⲉⲑⲙⲏⲓ
The truth
Ⲛⲟⲩϫ [adj]
The false
ϯⲘⲉⲑⲛⲟⲩϫ
The falsehood
ⲡⲓⲢⲉⲙϩⲉ
The free
ϯⲘⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙϩⲉ
The freedom
ⲡⲓⲤⲏⲓⲛⲓ
The physician
ϯⲘⲉⲧⲥⲏⲓⲛⲓ
The medicine/ physicianship
Ⲣⲉϥ-
creates a new noun or adjective and is always prefixed to a verb. Equals the English verb suffix “-er”.
ⲡⲓⲢⲉϥⲥⲁϫⲓ
The speaker
ⲡⲓⲢⲉϥⲉ̀ⲙⲓ
The scientist
Ϯϩⲁⲡ
To judge
ⲡⲓⲢⲉϥϯϩⲁⲡ
The judge
Ϩⲓⲡ̀ⲗⲁⲝ
To tile
ⲡⲓⲢⲉϥϩⲓⲡ̀ⲗⲁⲝ
Tile layer
Ⲉⲣⲟⲩⲱ̀ⲓⲛⲓ
To light
Ⲣⲉϥⲉⲣⲟⲩⲱ̀ⲓⲛⲓ [adj]
Bright
Ϭⲓⲱ̀ⲟⲩ
To be glorified
Ⲣⲉϥϭⲓⲱ̀ⲟⲩ [adj]
Glorified
Ⲥⲁⲛ-
gives the name of professions or occupations to nouns it’s prefixed to. Examples.
ⲡⲓⲤⲁⲛⲁϥ
The butcher
ⲡⲓⲤⲁⲛⲱⲓⲕ
The baker
ϯⲔⲟⲧⲥ
The guile
ⲡⲓⲤⲁⲛⲕⲟⲧⲥ
The imposter
ϯⲘⲉⲑⲛⲟⲩϫ
The falsehood
Ⲥⲁⲙⲉⲑⲛⲟⲩϫ
Liar.
ⲡⲓⲤⲁⲛⲧⲉⲃⲧ
The fisherman
Ϫⲓⲛ-
converts verbs into nouns representing the ‘way/manner’ in which the verb is done. Equals the English verb suffix “-ing”.
Ⲁⲣⲉϩ
To guard
ⲡⲓϪⲓⲛⲁⲣⲉϩ
The guarding
ⲡⲓϪⲓⲛⲑⲁⲙⲓⲟ
The creating
ⲡⲓϪⲓⲛⲱⲛϧ
The life/the living
ⲡⲓϪⲓⲛϩⲉⲙⲥⲓ
The Sitting
ⲡⲓϫⲓⲤⲁϫⲓ
The speaking/talking
Ⲉⲣⲁⲅⲁⲡⲁⲛ
To love
ⲡⲓϪⲓⲛⲉⲣⲁⲅⲁⲡⲁⲛ
The loving
Ϣⲟⲩ-
expresses competence and merit. It’s always prefixed to verbs.
Ϣⲟⲩⲥⲁϫⲓ ⲉ̀ⲣⲟ//
worthy of speaking
Ϣⲟⲩⲙⲉⲓ ⲙ̀ⲙⲟ//
worthy of loving
Ⲥⲱⲃⲓ
to laugh
Ϣⲟⲩⲥⲱⲃⲓ ⲙ̀ⲙⲟ//
worthy of mockery
Ⲉⲣϣ̀ⲫⲏⲣⲓ
to be amazed
Ϣⲟⲩⲉⲣϣ̀ⲫⲏⲣⲓ ⲙ̀ⲙⲟ
worthy of amazement
Ⲧⲁⲓⲟ//
to honour
Ϣⲟⲩⲧⲁⲓⲟ//
worthy of honour
Ⲙⲁⲛ̀-
gives the workplace attributed to the noun or verb it’s prefixed to.
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲛ̀ⲟⲩⲱⲙ
The Restaurant
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲛ̀ⲁϥ
The Butchery
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲛ̀ⲱⲓⲕ
The Bakery
Ϯϩⲁⲡ
To judge
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲛ̀ϯϩⲁⲡ
The Court
Ⲥⲱⲛϩ
To bind
Ⲙⲁⲛ̀ⲥⲱⲛϩ
The prison
Ⲭⲁϫⲱⲙ
To place a book
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲛ̀ⲭⲁϫⲱⲙ
The Library
Ⲙⲁⲓ-
implies affection for the nouns or verbs it’s prefixed to. Translates to “lover of”. Examples
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲓⲥ̀ⲃⲱ
Lover of science
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲓⲭ̀ⲣⲏⲙⲁ
Lover of money
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲓⲛⲟⲃⲓ
Lover of sin
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲓⲟⲩⲱⲙ
Lover of food
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲓϣⲟⲩϣⲟⲩ
Lover of bragging
ⲡⲓⲢⲉϥⲥⲱⲃⲓ
Clown
ⲡⲓϪⲓⲛⲥⲱⲃⲓ
Laughter
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲛⲥⲱⲃⲓ
Circus
ϯⲤⲉⲛϯ
Foundation
Ϩⲓⲥⲉⲛϯ
To lay foundation
ⲡⲓⲢⲉϥϩⲓⲥⲉⲛϯ
Founder
ϯⲘⲉⲧⲣⲉϥϩⲓⲥⲉⲛϯ
Organization
ⲡⲓⲢⲉϥϯⲥ̀ⲃⲱ
Teacher
ⲡⲓⲘⲁⲛϯⲥ̀ⲃⲱ
University
‎ϯⲘⲉⲧⲁⲑⲛⲟⲩϯ
Atheism
ⲁⲧϣ-
Added to verbs to signify to not be able to.
ⲉⲣ-
Nominal state of ⲉⲓⲣⲉ, ⲓⲣⲓ, forming verbs (to do, or to make)
ϩ̀ⲙⲟⲧ
grace, favor
ⲉⲣϩⲙⲟⲧ
to give grace, to thank, to gratify
ⲉⲣϩⲱⲃ
To operate, to use
ⲡⲓⲉⲣϩⲱⲃ
The operation, usage
ⲡⲓⲣⲉϥⲉⲣϩⲱⲃ
the operator, user, worker
ϯⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉϥⲉⲣϩⲱⲃ
the culture
ⲉⲣϣⲏⲣⲓ
To be a child
ⲉⲣⲙⲉⲑⲣⲉ
To be a witness, to bear witness
ⲉⲣⲫⲟⲣⲓⲛ
to wear
ⲉⲣⲙⲁⲥⲧⲓⲅⲅⲟⲓⲛ
to scourge
ⲉⲣⲧⲓⲙⲁⲛ
to honor
ⲉⲣⲡⲉⲙⲡϣⲁ
to deserve
ⲉⲣϩⲏⲧⲥ
to begin
ϯϩⲏ
The beginning
ⲉⲣⲫⲁϧⲣⲓ
to heal, to cure
ϫⲉⲙ-
Added to verbs to signify finding
ϫⲉⲙϩⲏⲟⲩ
To find useful to be useful
ϫⲉⲙⲛⲟⲙϯ
To find comfort
ϫⲉⲙϫⲟⲙ
To find strength
ⲉⲃⲟⲗϩⲁ
away from
ⲉⲃⲟⲗϩⲓⲧⲉⲛ
by, through
ⲉ-
Added to words to signify "to"
ⲉⲙⲏⲣ
to the other side (of), over, across, beyond
ⲡⲓⲙⲏⲣ
The shore of a river, especially the opposite shore
ⲧⲓⲙⲏ
Can be added to a word to signify the sum of, or total of.
ϯⲧⲓⲙⲏⲛ̀ϩⲁⲧ
The sum of money, sum of silver
ϣ̀
Added to verbs to signify can or to be able to.
ϣ̀ϫⲟⲙ
to be able to, can.
ϣⲉⲡ
Added to verbs to signify receival.
ϣⲉⲡⲙ̀ⲕⲁϩ
To receive pain
ϣⲉⲡϧⲓⲥⲓ
to tolerate, to resign oneself to, to accept
ϥⲁⲓ
Prefix formed from the nominal state of ϥⲁⲓ indicating carrying.
ϥⲁⲓⲕⲉⲣⲙⲁ
Moneychanger, moneylender