Level 23
Level 24

Sport injuries


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fractures
this when your break or crack a bone by extreme impact
treating fractures
for this you should not move injured part and should get medical help
symptoms of fractures
these include: pain, swelling and deformity
simple
this is also known as a closed fracture and is where the bone is broken under the skin
compound
this is also know as an open fracture as in when the bone comes through the skin
greenstick
this is when the bone is partially broken
stress fracture
this is an incomplete fracture caused by repeated use
tennis and golf elbow
this is caused by over use of the tendons in the elbow. It should be treated by the RICE procedure
tennis elbow
this is when the pain occurs on the outside of the elbow
golf elbow
this is when the pain is on the inside of the elbow
dislocation
this is when a bone at a joint if forced out of position
treating dislocation
for this you should immobilise joint and get medical help
symptoms of dislocation
these include deformity and swelling at joint
sprains
this is where a ligament is damaged at a joint
treating sprains
the RICE procedure should be used
symptoms of sprains
these include swelling and bruising
torn cartilage
this is found at the end of a bone and is torn by twisting excessively
treating torn cartilages
the RICE procedure should be used
symptoms of torn cartilages
this is when the joint is painful inside
muscle atrophy
this is reduction in muscle strength and mass due to lack of training
treating muscles atrophy
use weight training t strengthen muscles
symptoms of muscle atrophy
these are: loss in muscle strength and size of muscle
strain
when muscle fibres are pulled
treating strains
use the RICE procdeure
symptoms of strains
these include: pain and tight/tender muscles
RICE
a method of treatment
R
stands for REST - stop play or training
I
stands for ICE - supply to prevent swelling by reducing blood flow
C
stands for COMPRESSION - compress the area e.g. with a bandage
E
stands for ELEVATION - raise the injury to reduce swelling
osteoporosis
this is when strength and density of bones decreases as we get older which can result in a weak skeleton
weight bearing exercises
these are exercises that puts pressure on the bones which strengthens them and prevents osteoporosis
tennis, walking, running and aerobics
this are weight bearing exercises
calcium
eating this will improve density and growth
vitamin D
this is made when we are exposed to sunlight and it is vital for bone growth ad health