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Deities and Demons


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Anu
The father of the gods and the god of the firmament.
Aruru
A goddess of creation who fashioned Enkidu from clay and her spittle.
Ea
The god of fresh water, crafts, and wisdom, a patron of humankind. Lives in Apsu, the primal waters below the Earth.
Humbaba
The fearsome demon who guards the Cedar Forest forbidden to mortals.
Scorpion-Man
Guardian, with his wife, of the twin-peaked mountain called Mashu, which Shamash the sun god travels through every night.
Siduri
The goddess of wine-making and brewing. The veiled tavern keeper who comforts Gilgamesh.
Tammuz
The god of vegetation and fertility, also called the Shepherd. Born a mortal, husband of Ishtar.
Enlil
God of earth, wind, and air. A superior deity, not very fond of humankind.
Ereshkigal
Terrifying queen of the underworld.
Ishtar
The goddess of love and fertility, as well as the goddess of war. Frequently called the Queen of Heaven.
Lugulbanda
Third king of Uruk after the deluge (Gilgamesh is the fifth). The hero of a cycle of Sumerian poems and a minor god.
Ninsun
The mother of Gilgamesh, also called the Lady Wildcow Ninsun. A minor goddess, noted for her wisdom. Her husband is Lugulbanda.
Shamash
The sun god, brother of Ishtar, patron of Gilgamesh. A wise judge and lawgiver.