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island
a piece of land completely surrounded by water
issue
1) to officially make a statement, give an order, warning etc 2)if an organization or sb in an official position *s sth such as documents or equipment, they give these things to people who need them
item
1) a single thing, especially one thing in a list, group, or set of things: 2) a single, usually short, piece of news in a newspaper or magazine, or on television
jam
1) a thick sweet substance made from boiled fruit and sugar, eaten especially on bread 2) a situation in which it is difficult or impossible to move because there are so many cars or people
joke
to say things that are intended to be funny and that you do not really mean
journey
1) (especially BE) a time spent travelling from one place to another, especially over a long distance [= trip AE]
judge
to form or give an opinion about sb or sth after thinking carefully about all the information you know about them
jump
1) an act of pushing yourself suddenly up into the air using your legs [= leap] 2) an act of letting yourself drop from a place that is above the ground
jumper
1) (BE) a piece of clothing made of wool that covers the upper part of your body and arms [= sweater, pullover] 2) (AE) a dress without sleeves usually worn over a shirt [= pinafore BE]
jury
1) a group of 12 ordinary people who listen to the details of a case in court and decide whether someone is guilty or not 2) a group of people chosen to judge a competition
justify
1) to give an acceptable explanation for something that other people think is unreasonable 2) to be a good and acceptable reason for sth
keen
(especially BE) wanting to do sth or wanting sth to happen very much [= eager]
kettle
a container with a lid, a handle, and a spout, used for boiling and pouring water [= teakettle AE]
key
very important or necessary
keyboard
a board with buttons marked with letters or numbers that are pressed to put information into a computer or other machine
kick
1) a movement of your foot or leg, usually to hit something with your foot 2) the act of kicking the ball in a sports game such as football, or the ball that is kicked and the direction it goes in
kilometre
(written abbreviation km) a unit for measuring distance, equal to 1000 metres
kind
1) saying or doing things that show that you care about other people and want to help them or make them happy 2) not causing harm or suffering
kiss
to touch sb with your lips as a greeting, to show them love, or as part of a sexual relationship
kit
1) a set of tools, equipment etc that you use for a particular purpose or activity 2) sth that you buy in parts and put together yourself
knife
a metal blade fixed into a handle, used for cutting or as a weapon
lab
(informal) a laboratory
label
1) a piece of paper or another material that is attached to sth and gives information about it 2) a word or phrase which is used to describe a person, group, or thing, but which is unfair or not correct
lack
when there is not enough of sth, or none of it [= shortage]
ladder
a piece of equipment used for climbing up to or down from high places. A * has two bars that are connected by rungs (=short bars that you use as steps)
lake
a large area of water surrounded by land
lamb
a young sheep
lamp
an object that produces light by using electricity, oil, or gas
lane
1) a narrow road in the countryside 2) a road in a city, often used in road names
largely
mostly or mainly
laugh
1) the act of laughing or the sound you make when you laugh 2) if sth is a *, you have fun and enjoy yourself when you are doing it
lawyer
sb whose job is to advise people about laws, write formal agreements, or represent people in court
layer
an amount or piece of a material or substance that covers a surface or that is between two other things
leadership
1) the position of being the leader of a group, organization, country etc 2) the quality of being good at leading a group, organization, country etc
lean
1) to move or bend your body in a particular direction 2) to support yourself in a sloping position against a wall or other surface
leave
1) time that you are allowed to spend away from your work, especially in the armed forces 2) (formal) permission to do sth
left
towards the direction or side that is on the left [≠ right]
left
the side of your body that contains your heart
lend
to let sb borrow money or sth that belongs to you for a short time
licence
1) an official document giving you permission to own or do sth for a period of time 2) an agreement with a company or organization giving permission to make, sell or use their product
lick
1) to move your tongue across the surface of sth in order to eat it, wet it, clean it etc 2) (informal) to defeat an opponent
lid
a cover for the open part of a pot, box, or other container
lie
to deliberately tell sb sth that is not true
lie
sth that you say or write that you know is untrue
lift
1) (BE) a machine that you can ride in, that moves up and down between the floors in a tall building [= elevator AE] 2) if you give sb a *, you take them somewhere in your car [= ride]
lighting
the lights that light a room, building, or street, or the quality of the light produced
limit
1) to stop an amount or number from increasing beyond a particular point 2) to stop sb from doing what they want or from developing and improving beyond a particular point
link
1) to make a connection between two or more things or people 2) to physically join two or more things, people, or places [= connect]
link
1) a way in which two things or ideas are related to each other 2) a relationship or connection between two or more people, countries, organizations etc
lip
one of the two soft parts around your mouth where your skin is redder or darker
literature
1) books, plays, poems etc that people think are important and good 2) all the books, articles, etc on a particular subject
live
1) not dead or artificial [= living; ≠ dead] 2) a * television or radio programme is seen or heard on television or radio at the same time as it is actually happening [≠ prerecorded]
lively
1) sb who is lively has a lot of energy and is very active 2) a place or situation that is lively is exciting because a lot of things are happening
location
1) a particular place, especially in relation to other areas, buildings etc 2) the position of sth
log
1) a thick piece of wood from a tree 2) an official record of events, especially on a journey in a ship or plane
logical
1) seeming reasonable and sensible 2) using a thinking process in which facts and ideas are connected in a correct way
lonely
unhappy because you are alone or do not have anyone to talk to [= lonesome AE]
loose
1) not firmly fastened in place 2) not attached to anything else
lord
a man who has a rank in the aristocracy, especially in Britain, or his title
lorry
(BE) a large vehicle for carrying heavy goods [= truck]
loud
(spoken) in a way that makes a lot of noise [= loudly]
lounge
1) a waiting room at an airport 2) a public room in a hotel or other building, that is used by many people as a place to relax 3) (BE) the main room in a house where people relax, watch television etc [= living room]
lower
1) to reduce sth in amount, degree, strength etc, or to become less 2) to move sth down from higher up [≠ raise]
luckily
used to say that it is good that sth happened or was done because if it had not, the situation would be unpleasant or difficult [= fortunately]
lunchtime
the time in the middle of the day when people usually eat their lunch
madam
(formal) used to address a woman in a polite way, especially a customer in a shop [= ma'am AE]
mail
1) the letters and packages that are delivered to you 2) (especially AE) the system of collecting and delivering letters and packages [= post BE]
mail
(especially AE) to send a letter or package to sb [= post BE]
male
1) typical of or relating to men or boys [≠ female] 2) a male person or animal cannot have babies or lay eggs
male
1) a male animal 2) a man
mall
(especially AE) a large area where there are a lot of shops, usually a covered area where cars are not allowed [= shopping centre]
manner
1) (formal) the way in which sth is done or happens 2) the way in which sb behaves towards or talks to other people
mark
1) a spot or dirty area on sth that spoils its appearance 2) a cut, hole, or other small sign of damage
marketing
the activity of deciding how to advertise a product, what price to charge for it etc, or the type of job in which you do this
match
1) if one thing *es another, or if two things *, they look attractive together because they are a similar colour, pattern etc 2) two things that * look the same because they are a pair
maximum
the * amount, quantity, speed etc is the largest that is possible or allowed [≠ minimum]
mechanism
1) part of a machine or a set of parts that does a particular job 2) a system that is intended to achieve something or deal with a problem
medium
of middle size, level, or amount
menu
1) a list of all the kinds of food that are available for a meal, especially in a restaurant 2) a list of things on a computer screen which you can ask the computer to do
merely
1) used to emphasize how small or unimportant sth or sb is [= only] 2) used to emphasize that nothing more than what you say is involved [= just]
messy
1) dirty or untidy 2) informal a messy situation is complicated and unpleasant to deal with
midnight
12 o'clock at night
millimetre
(written abbreviation mm) a unit for measuring length. There are 1000 millimetres in one metre.
minority
a small group of people or things within a much larger group [≠ majority]
mirror
a piece of special glass that you can look at and see yourself in
misery
1) great suffering that is caused for example by being very poor or very sick 2) great unhappiness
mission
1) an important job that involves travelling somewhere, done by a member of the airforce, army etc, or by a spacecraft 2) an important job that sb has been given to do, especially when they are sent to another place
mixture
1) a combination of two or more different things, feelings, or types of people 2) a liquid or other substance made by mixing several substances together, especially in cooking
mommy
(AE) mother - used by or to young children [= mummy BE]
monitor
to carefully watch and check a situation in order to see how it changes over a period of time
mood
the way you feel at a particular time
moral
1) relating to the principles of what is right and wrong behaviour, and with the difference between good and evil 2) based on your ideas about what is right, rather than on what is legal or practical
motor
the part of a machine that makes it work or move, by changing power, especially electrical power, into movement
mountain
a very high hill
mud
wet earth that has become soft and sticky
murder
the crime of deliberately killing sb
museum
a building where important cultural, historical, or scientific objects are kept and shown to the public
mushroom
one of several kinds of fungus with stems and round tops, some of which can be eaten
musical
1) relating to music or consisting of music 2) good at or interested in playing or singing music
nail
1) a thin pointed piece of metal with a flat top, which you hit into a surface with a hammer, for example to join things together or to hang sth on 2) your *s are the hard smooth layers on the ends of your fingers and toes