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absence
1) when you are not in the place where people expect you to be, or the time that you are away 2) the lack of sth or the fact that it does not exist [≠ presence]
acceptable
good enough to be used for a particular purpose or to be considered satisfactory
account
1) to form a particular amount or part of sth 2) to be the reason why something happens [= explain]
achievement
sth important that you succeed in doing by your own efforts
acknowledge
1) to admit or accept that sth is true or that a situation exists 2) if people * sth, they recognize how good or important it is
activist
Sb who works hard doing practical things to achieve social or political change
ad
(informal) an advertisement
in addition
used to add another piece of information to what you have just said:
additional
more than what was agreed or expected [= extra]
adequate
enough in quantity or of a good enough quality for a particular purpose [= sufficient; ≠ inadequate]:
admire
1) to respect and like sb because they have done sth that you think is good 2) to look at sth and think how beautiful or impressive it is
adopt
to take sb else's child into your home and legally become its parent
advert
(BE) an advertisement
advertise
to tell the public about a product or service in order to persuade them to buy it
advertisement
a picture, set of words, or a short film, which is intended to persuade people to buy a product or use a service, or that gives information about a job that is available, an event that is going to happen
adviser
sb whose job is to give advice because they know a lot about a subject, especially in business, law, or politics
agency
a business that provides a particular service for people or organizations
agent
a person or company that represents another person or company, especially in business
aggressive
1) behaving in an angry, threatening way, as if you want to fight or attack sb 2) very determined to succeed or get what you want
airport
a place where planes take off and land, with buildings for passengers to wait in
album
1) a group of songs or pieces of music on a CD, tape etc 2) a book that you put photographs, stamps etc in
alter
to change, or to make sb or sth change
ambulance
a special vehicle that is used to take people who are ill or injured to hospital
analysis
1) a careful examination of sth in order to understand it better 2) the way in which sb describes a situation or problem, and says what causes it to happen
angle
1) the space between two straight lines or surfaces that join each other, measured in degrees 2) a way of considering a problem or situation
angry
feeling strong emotions which make you want to shout at sb or hurt them because they have behaved in an unfair, cruel, offensive etc way, or because you think that a situation is unfair, unaccept
announcement
1) an important or official statement 2) the act of telling people that sth important is going to happen
annoy
to make sb feel slightly angry and unhappy about something [= irritate]
anticipate
to expect that sth will happen and be ready for it
anxiety
1) the feeling of being very worried about sth [= concern] 2) a feeling of wanting to do sth very much
anxious
1) worried about sth 2) an * time or situation is one in which you feel nervous or worried [= worrying]
anyhow
1) (informal) anyway 2) in a careless or untidy way
apology
sth that you say or write to show that you are sorry for doing sth wrong
appeal
1) to make a serious public request for help, money, information etc 2) to make a formal request to a court or sb in authority asking for a decision to be changed 3) if sb or sth *s to you, they seem attractive and interesting
approve
1) to officially accept a plan, proposal etc 2) to think that sb or sth is good, right, or suitable [≠ disapprove]
approximate
an * number, amount, or time is close to the exact number, amount etc, but could be a little bit more or less than it [= rough; ≠ exact]
architecture
the style and design of a building or buildings
arise
1) if a problem or difficult situation *s, it begins to happen 2) (literary) to get out of bed, or stand up
armed
carrying weapons, especially a gun
artificial
not real or not made of natural things but made to be like sth that is real or natural [≠ natural; = false]
artist
sb who produces art, especially paintings or drawings
ashamed
1) feeling embarrassed and guilty because of sth you have done 2) feeling uncomfortable because sb does sth that embarrasses you
aside
1) kept to be used later 2) moved to one side or away from you
assessment
a process in which you make a judgment about a person or situation, or the judgment you make
assist
1) to help sb to do sth 2) to make it easier for sb to do sth
assistance
help or support
assistant
sb who helps sb else in their work, especially by doing the less important jobs
associate
to make a connection in your mind between one thing or person and another
association
an organization that consists of a group of people who have the same aims, do the same kind of work etc
atmosphere
1) the feeling that an event or place gives you 2) if a place or event has *, it is interesting
attack
1) to deliberately use violence to hurt a person or damage a place 2) to criticize sb or sth very strongly
aunt
the sister of your father or mother, or the wife of your father's or mother's brother
automatic
an * machine is designed to work without needing sb to operate it for each part of a process
automatically
1) as the result of a situation or action, and without you having to do anything more 2) without thinking about what you are doing
awake
not sleeping
award
sth such as a prize or money given to sb to reward them for sth they have done
awkward
1) making you feel embarrassed so that you are not sure what to do or say [= difficult] 2) not relaxed or comfortable 3) difficult to do, use, or deal with 4) not convenient
backwards
1) in the direction that is behind you [≠ forwards] 2) towards the beginning or the past [≠ forwards]
bacon
salted or smoked meat from the back or sides of a pig, often served in narrow thin pieces
badly
1) in an unsatisfactory or unsuccessful way [≠ well] 2) to a great or serious degree
bake
to cook something using dry heat, in an oven
balance
1) to be in or get into a steady position, without falling to one side or the other, or to put sth into this position 2) to be equal in importance, amount, value, or effect to sth that has the opposite effect
bang
1) a sudden loud noise caused by sth such as a gun or an object hitting a hard surface 2) a painful blow to the body when you hit against sth or sth hits you [= bump]
bang
1) to hit sth hard, making a loud noise 2) to close sth violently, making a loud noise, or to be closed in this way [= slam]
baseball
an outdoor game between two teams of nine players, in which players try to get points by hitting a ball and running around four
basket
1) a container made of thin pieces of plastic, wire, or wood woven together, used to carry things or put things in 2) a net with a hole at the bottom attached to a metal ring, through which the ball i
bat
1) a small animal like a mouse with wings that flies around at night 2) a long wooden stick with a special shape that is used in some sports and games
beard
hair that grows around a man's chin and cheeks
beat
1) one of a series of regular movements or hitting actions 2) a regular repeated noise [= rhythm]
beauty
1) a quality that people, places, or things have that makes them very attractive to look at 2) a woman who is very beautiful
beef
1) the meat from a cow 2) (informal) a complaint
beforehand
before sth else happens or is done
on behalf of somebody
1) instead of sb, or as their representative 2) because of or for sb
behave
to do things that are good, bad, sensible etc [= act]
belief
1) the feeling that sth is definitely true or definitely exists 2) the feeling that sth is good and can be trusted
bend
1) to move part of your body so that it is not straight or so that you are not upright 2) to push or press sth so that it is no longer flat or straight
beside
1) next to or very close to the side of sb or sth 2) in comparison with sth or sb
bet
an agreement to risk money on the result of a race, game etc or on sth happening, or the money that you risk
bite
1) the act of cutting or crushing sth with your teeth 2) a small hole made where an animal or insect has bitten you 3) a pleasantly sharp taste
bitter
1) feeling angry, jealous, and upset because you think you have been treated unfairly 2) making you feel very unhappy and upset 3) having a sharp strong taste like black coffee without sugar
blade
the flat cutting part of a tool or weapon
blank
1) without any writing, print, or recorded sound 2) a * face or look shows no emotion, understanding, or interest
bless you!
1) what you say when sb sneezes 2) used to thank sb for doing sth for you
block
to prevent anything moving through a space by being or placing sth across it or in it
blonde
1) * hair is pale or yellow in colour 2) a woman who is * has pale or yellow hair
blow
1) an action or event that causes difficulty or sadness for sb 2) a hard hit with sb's hand, a tool, or a weapon
boil
1) when a liquid *s, or when you * it, it becomes hot enough to turn into gas 2) to cook sth in boiling water
boiler
a container for boiling water that is part of a steam engine, or is used to provide heating in a house
boiling
(spoken) very hot [≠ freezing]
bomb
1) a weapon made of material that will explode 2) (AE - informal) a play, film, event etc that is not successful
boom
1) a quick increase of business activity [≠ slump] 2) an increase in how popular or successful sth is, or in how often it happens
border
the official line that separates two countries, states, or areas, or the area close to this line
bored
tired and impatient because you do not think sth is interesting, or because you have nothing to do
bounce
1) if a ball or other object *s, or you * it, it immediately moves up or away from a surface after hitting it 2) to move up and down, especially because you are hitting a surface that is made of rubber, has springs etc
boyfriend
a man that you are having a romantic relationship with
brave
1) dealing with danger, pain, or difficult situations with courage and confidence [= courageous] 2) very good
breast
one of the two round raised parts on a woman's chest that produce milk when she has a baby
breath
the air that you send out of your lungs when you breathe
breathe
1) to take air into your lungs and send it out again 2) to blow air or smoke out of your mouth
brush
an object that you use for cleaning, painting, making your hair tidy etc, made with a lot of hairs, bristles, or thin pieces of plastic fastened to a handle