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Level 6

Chapter 6


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cultural carrying capacity
The limit on population growth that would allow most people in an area or the world live in reasonable comfort and freedom without impairing the ability of the planet to sustain future generations
crude birth rate
Annual number of live births per 1,000 people in the popultion of a geographic area at the midpoint of a given year
crude death rate
Annual number of deaths per 1,000 people in the population of a geographic area at the midpoint of a certain year
population change
Increase or decrease in the size of a population. It is equal to (Births + Immigration) - (Deaths + Emigration)
replacement-level fertility
Average number of children a couple must bear to replace themselves
total fertility rate (TFR)
estimate of the avg # of children who will be born alive to a woman during her lifetime is she passes through all her childbearing years (ages 15-44) conforming to age-specific fertility rates of a given year. More simply, it is an estimate of the avg # of children that women in a given population will have during their childbearing years
life expectancy
avg # of years a newborn infant can be expected to live
infant mortality rate
The number of babies out of every 1,000 who die before their first birthday
migration
The movement of people in and out of a specific geogrpahic area
demographic transition
hypothesis that countries, as they become industrialzed, have declines in death rates followed by declines in birth rates
Family Planning
Educational and clinical services that help couples choose how many children to have and when. Provide birth control and health care for pregnant women.