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Book 6


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alleviate
To ------ pain or suffering means to make it less intense or severe. تسكين‌ دادن‌، آرام‌ كردن‌،
astrology
------ is the study of the stars in the belief that they influence people’s lives. ستاره‌بينى‌، طالع‌بينى‌
differentiate
To ------ things or people is to show the difference between them. متمايز كردن‌ (از هم‌)، تميز دادن‌،
disrupt
To ------ something or someone is to prevent them from working. مختل‌ كردن‌،
equation
An ------ is a math operation to determine the value of something. تساوى، برابرى،
err
To ------ means to make a mistake. اشتباه‌ كردن‌، دچار لغزش‌ شدن‌،
erroneous
When something is ------, it is incorrect or only partly correct. ­مشتبه‌، (در) اشتباه‌، غلط‌، سهو، لغزش‌،
frantic
If people or things are ------, they behave in a wild way because they are frightened. سراسيمه‌، (كاملا) بى‌تاب‌، برآشفته‌،
hull
The ------ of a boat or tank is the main body of it. بدنه‌ى كشتى‌
inadvertent
When an action is ------, it is done without realizing what you are doing. غيرعمدى، ندانسته‌، ناخواسته‌،
improvise
To ------ something is to do it with whatever is available or without planning. بداهه‌گويى‌ (نويسى‌ يا سرايى‌) كردن‌، سرهم‌ بندى كردن‌،
latitude
The ------ of a place is its distance from the equator. عرض‌ جغرافيايى‌،
mariner
A ------ is a sailor. ­دريانورد، ملوان‌،
multitude
A ------ of things or people is a very large number of them. كثرت‌، زيادى، تعدد، انبوهى‌
nuisance
A ------ is a person or thing that is annoying or causes a lot of problems. دردسر، مايه‌ى گرفتارى،
permanence
The ------ of something is its ability to last forever. ­پايندگى‌، پايايى‌، دوام‌،
revolve
To ------ around something is to keep it as the main feature or focus. به‌ دور محور چرخيدن‌، گشتن‌، روى شخص‌ (يا چيزى) متمركز بودن‌
soothe
To ------ means to calm someone who is angry or upset. تسكين‌ دادن‌، آرام‌ كردن‌،
stranded
unable to leave somewhere because of a problem such as not having any transport or money ،معطل ،لنگ
volatile
When something is ------, it is likely to change suddenly and unexpectedly. ناپايدار، بى‌ثبات‌، دگرگونى‌پذير،
arduous
When something is ------, it demands great effort or labor. دشوار، مشقت‌ بار، صعب‌، سخت‌،
attain
To ------ something means to gain or achieve it, often after a lot of effort. به‌ دست‌ آوردن‌، نايل‌ شدن‌، كسب‌ كردن‌، (در اثر كوشش‌)
coexist
To ------ with something means to exist with it in the same time and place. co-exist ­همزيستى‌ كردن‌،
conceive
To ------ something means to be able to imagine or believe it. 3. intransitive or transitive to become pregnant, or to cause a baby to begin to form به‌ فكر خطور دادن‌، انديشيدن‌، در فكر پروردن‌، (در مغز) تكوين‌ يافتن‌،
dubious
When something or someone is ------, they are not considered honest. DOUBTFUL مشكوك‌،
ego
1. mainly disapproving your idea or opinion of yourself, or a great feeling of your own importance and ability -
elastic
------ is a rubber that stretches when it is pulled. كشسان‌
endeavor
An ------ is an attempt to do something, especially something new or original. -
engrave
To ------ means to cut a design or words into the surface of something. حك‌ كردن‌، حكاكى‌ كردن‌،
excavate
To ------ means to dig on land and remove dirt to look for something. -
jagged
When something is ------, it has a tough, uneven shape or edge. پر دندانه‌، تيز گوشه‌ دار، بريده‌ بريده‌، اره‌اى،
locale
an area or place, especially one where something special happens, such as the action in a book or a film -
mold
A ------ is a hollow container that is used to make certain shapes. قالب‌،
outright
When something is ------, it is open and direct. complete
periphery
1. the outer edge of an area 2. the less important part of a group or activity حاشيه‌،
plaster
------ is a smooth paste that gets hard when it dries. -
shovel
A ------ is a tool with a long handle that is used for digging. -
skeletal
When something is ------, it relates to bones in the body. -
terrestrial
If something is ------, it relates to Earth. اين‌جهانى‌
vicious
When something or someone is ------, they are violent and cruel. خبيث‌، بدجنس‌، بدنهاد، شرور، بى‌رحم‌
absurd
If something or someone is ------, they are ridiculous. stupid or unreasonable; silly in a humorous way -
anemia
------ is a blood condition that causes a person to be pale and tired. كم‌ خونى
the aristocracy
a class of people who hold high social rank طبقه‌ى اشراف‌، نجيب‌زادگان‌، اعيان‌، نجبا
aristocrat
An ------ is a person who is of the highest class in certain societies. -
attire
------ is nice or special clothing. جامه‌ (به‌ ويژه‌ جامه‌ى فاخر)، لباس‌،
craze
an activity, object or idea that is extremely popular, usually for a short time -
enlarge
To ------ something means to make it bigger. -
excess
An ------ is an amount of something that is more than needed or wanted. زيادى، فراوانى‌، وفور، فرط‌، فزونى‌، بيش‌بود - زياده‌ روى، افراط‌،
feminine
If something is ------, then it has qualities that are commonly related to women. -
hallmark
2. a typical characteristic or feature of a person or thing -
pad
A ------ is a thick piece of soft material used to protect or clean things. -
predominant
more noticeable or important, or larger in number, than others -
reputable
If someone or something is ------, then they have a good reputation. خوشنام‌، نيك‌نام‌، بهنام‌،
rouge
------ is a red powder or cream used as makeup on the cheeks or lips. روژ، روژ زدن‌، سرخاب‌ زدن‌، رژگونه‌، رژگونه‌ زدن‌
signify
To ------ means to be a symbol of something. BE EVIDENCE OF, be a sign of, EXPRESS, indicate, MEAN, denote, designate, represent معنى‌ دادن‌، دلالت‌ كردن‌ بر، چم‌ داشتن‌، نشان‌ دادن‌، حاكى‌ بودن‌
strap
A ------ is a thin long piece of fabric used to fasten, carry, or hold something. تسمه‌، بند، (فلزى يا چرمى‌ و غيره‌)
tangle
A ------ is something or many things twisted together. • a tangle of wires -
vanity
------ is excessive pride or love of one’s own appearance or things one has done. تكبر، نخوت‌، فيس
vie
To ------ for something means to compete against others for it. رقابت‌ كردن‌، هم‌ چشمى‌ كردن‌، برترىجويى‌ كردن‌
vulgar
1. not suitable, simple, dignified or beautiful; common or not in the style preferred by the upper classes of society 2. rude and likely to upset or anger people, especially by referring to sex and the body in an unpleasant way عاميانه‌، عوامانه‌، - بى‌ادب‌، بى‌نزاكت‌،
attic
An ------ is a room just below a house’s roof. اتاق‌ زير شيروانى‌ (كه‌ معمولا تاق‌ آن‌ مورب‌ است‌)
chunk
A ------ is a thick, solid piece of something. تکه بزرگ يا کلفت وکوتاه( درمورد سنگ ويخ وچوب)،
civic
If something is ------, then it is related to a town or city, especially its government. ­وابسته‌ به‌ شهر و شهروندان‌ و شهر زيستى‌،
descent
A ------ is a movement downwards. نزول‌، فرود، فرو روى، پايين‌ روى - انحطاط‌، سقوط‌، زوال‌، افول‌
din
A ------ is loud, unpleasant, and extended noise. همهمه‌، قيل‌ و قال‌، جار و جنجال‌، داد و قال‌، هياهو، غوغا
dissatisfy
To ------ someone means to fail to please them. ­ناراضى‌ كردن‌، ناخشنود كردن‌، ناخرسند كردن‌،
fuss
1. <A > only singular or uncountable a show of anger, worry, lack of satisfaction or excitement, usually one which is greater than the situation deserves 2. make a fuss of/over sb to give someone a lot of attention and treat them well هايهوى
gourmet
1. (of food) very high quality 2. producing or serving food which is very high quality -
hence
1. that is the reason or explanation for; therefore 2. from this time بدين‌ دليل‌، بنابراين‌، لذا، در نتيجه‌ - از اين‌ جا، از حالا به‌ بعد، از اكنون‌، -‏ ديگر
intrinsic
If something is ------, then it is related to the basic nature of that thing. وابسته‌ به‌ نهاد و ارزش‌ يا ماهيت‌ درونى‌ هر چيز و نه‌ به‌ عوامل‌ خارجی، ذاتى‌، اصلى‌، نهادى، (در برابر:‏ برون‌خيز c‏i‏s‏n‏i‏r‏t‏x‏e‏)
kettle
A ------ is a large metal pot used for boiling liquids or cooking food. كترى، قورى فلزى، ديگ‌،
ministry
A ------ is a government department. وزارتخانه‌، وزارت‌
ordeal
An ------ is a bad experience. -
outspoken
If someone is ------, then they are not afraid to say what they think. رك‌ گو، داراى صراحت‌ كلام‌
overwork
To ------ someone means to make them tired with too much work. بيش‌ از حد كار كشيدن‌ از
particular
If something is ------, then it is a single, important part of a group of things. ويژه‌، مختص‌، خاص‌، اخص‌، بخصوص‌ (در برابر:‏ اعم‌ يا كلى‌ l‏a‏r‏e‏n‏e‏g‏)
pungent
1. describes a very strong smell or taste, sometimes one that is unpleasantly strong 2. literary describes speech or writing that is very strongly felt تند (بو يا مزه‌) - تند و تيز، گزنده‌، بران‌ (سبك‌ نگارش‌ و سخن‌)
snore
To ------ means to make a loud noise each time a sleeping person breathes. خرناس‌ كشيدن‌، (در خواب‌) خرخر كردن‌، خروپف‌ كردن‌،
soundly
1. completely 2. (of how someone sleeps) deeply -
superintendent
1. a person who is in charge of work done in a particular department, office, etc., or who is responsible for keeping a building or place in good condition سرپرست‌، مدير، رئيس‌ - سرايدار، مستخدم‌
alternate
To ------ means to switch back and forth between two things. متناوب‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌، يك‌ در ميان‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌،
apologetic
If someone is ------, they are sorry about something. -
benign
If something or someone is ------, they do not hurt anyone. بى‌ آزار
char
To ------ means to burn something so that it turns black. زغال‌ كردن‌، نيمسوز كردن‌ يا شدن‌
clarify
To ------ means to make something easier to understand by explaining it. روشنگرى كردن‌، (مطلبى‌ را) روشن‌ كردن‌،
distress
------ is the feeling of being upset or worried. درماندگى‌، واماندگى‌،
dogged
When someone’s actions are ------, they try hard to continue something. doggedly, doggedness سرسخت‌، سمج‌، لجوج‌، يكدنده‌، سرسختانه‌، لجوجانه‌
ensue
To ------ means to happen after something. پى‌ آمدن‌، پى‌ آوردن‌، (به‌ دنبال‌ چيزى يا در نتيجه‌ى چيزى) روى دادن‌
gasp
To ------ means to make a noise by quickly breathing in when surprised. بريده‌ بريده‌ نفس‌ كشيدن‌، به‌ زحمت‌ تنفس‌ كردن‌، به‌ خفقان‌ افتادن‌
negotiate
To ------ means to try to make an agreement through discussion. مذاكره‌ كردن‌، گفتگوكردن‌، چك‌ و چانه‌ زدن‌، مورد بحث‌ قرار دادن‌،
overdose
An ------ is an instance of taking or having too much of something. -
persuasion
------ is the act of making someone do or believe something. متقاعد سازى ، مجاب‌ سازى، وادار سازى، پذيرانش‌، قانع‌ سازى
relay
A ------ is a race in which teams of runners or swimmers race against each other. ،مسابقه دو امدادى
reluctance
------ is a feeling of not wanting to do something. بى‌ميلى‌، اكراه‌، روى گردانى‌،
restate
To ------ something means to say it again or in a different way. -
sesame
------ is an herb that is grown for its small seeds and its oil. كنجد
sip
To ------ something means to drink a small amount at a time. چشيدن‌، مزمزه‌ كردن‌ (آبگونه‌)
verge
1. The point beyond which an action, state, or condition is likely to begin or occur; the brink 2 . the edge or border of something آستانه - لبه‌، حاشيه‌، كناره‌، مرز،
wary
If someone is ------, they are cautious or mistrusting. مواظب‌، محتاط‌، هشيار، با پروا،
waver
To ------ is to be unable to decide between two choices. ترديد كردن‌، مردد بودن‌، دودل‌ بودن
ashore
If something goes ------, it goes from water to the land. به‌ سوى يا بر خشكى‌
contradict
To ------ means to state the opposite of what someone else has. بطلان‌ (چيزى را) نشان‌ دادن‌، اشتباه‌ (چيزى را) اثبات‌ كردن‌، مخالف‌ بودن‌ با، متناقض‌ بودن‌،
counterpart
A ------ is something that is very similar to something else in what it does. همتا، همدوش‌، همال‌
devoid
be ----- of sth: to lack or be without something that is necessary or usual : be devoid of emotion, be devoid of expression خالى‌ (از)، ، تهى‌ (از)، بدون‌، عارى (از)، فاقد
diverge
To ------ is to become different or to follow a different direction. جدا شدن‌، (از يك‌ نقطه‌ در جهت‌هاى مختلف‌) پخش‌ شدن‌، واگراييدن‌ (در مقابل‌ هم‌گراييدن‌:‏ e‏g‏r‏e‏v‏n‏o‏c‏)، منشعب‌ شدن‌
elude
2. to not be caught by someone 1. formal If something that you want ---- you, you do not succeed in achieving it 3. formal If a piece of information ----- you, you cannot remember it گريختن‌ (با حيله‌ يا سرعت‌ و غيره‌)، فرار كردن‌، جيم‌ شدن‌، - به‌ ياد نياوردن‌،
embryo
An ------ is a human or animal that is still growing inside its mother. 2. in embryo: developing and not yet complete جنين‌
fend
To ------ off something means to push it away and avoid it. دفع کردن ،دور کردن- با offيا away دفاع کردن
fictitious
When something is ------, it is made up and not real. تخيلى‌، داستان‌ مانند، داستان‌ گونه‌، غيرواقعى‌، ساختگى‌،
gazette
A ------ is a newspaper. -
homogeneous
consisting of parts or people which are similar to each other or are of the same type يكدست‌، يك‌ريخت‌ (يك‌ چيز كه‌ اجزاى آن‌ هماننداند)
obstruct
1. to block a road, passage, entrance, etc. so that nothing can go along it, or to prevent something from happening correctly by putting difficulties in its way 2. to try to stop something from happening or developing بند آوردن‌، گرفتن‌، سد كردن‌، بستن‌، مسدود كردن‌ (راه‌ چيزى را) - (پيشرفت‌ كار و غيره‌) كار شكنى‌ كردن‌،
plunge
To ------ means to move down into something very quickly. فرورفتن‌، غوطه‌ ور شدن‌، شيرجه‌ رفتن‌ (در آب‌ يا جنگ‌ و غيره‌)
prolong
To ------ means to make something last for a longer time. طولانى‌ كردن‌، به‌ درازا كشاندن‌، لفت‌ دادن، درازاندن‌، كش‌ دادن‌ (زمان‌ يا درازا)
publicize
To ------ is to make something get a lot of attention. ­تبليغ‌ كردن‌، توجه‌ همگان‌ را جلب‌ كردن‌، ،اگهى کردن ،باطلاع عمومى رساندن
sparse
small in numbers or amount, often scattered over a large area ­كم‌پشت‌، تنك‌، پراكنده‌، نامتراكم‌، تك‌ و توك‌
surplus
1. <A > (an amount which is) more than is needed 2. the amount of money you have left when you sell more than you buy, or spend less than you have اضافه‌، مازاد، باقيمانده‌ -
theorize
To ------ means to develop ideas about something. ­نظريه‌ پردازى كردن‌،
verify
to prove that something exists or is true, or to make certain that something is correct اثبات‌ كردن‌، تاييد كردن‌،
vigorous
1. very forceful or energetic 2. healthy and strong -
altar
An ------ is a table used in churches. محراب‌، ميز عشاى ربانى‌،
arthritis
------ is an illness causing pain and swelling in a person’s joints. ورم‌ مفاصل‌،
botany
------ is the study of plants. گياه‌شناسى‌
credible
If something or someone is ------, they can be believed or trusted. باور كردنى‌، باورپذير - قابل‌ اعتماد، موثق‌
deceased
a person who has recently died or people who have recently died ­مرده‌، متوفى‌، مرحوم‌
deception
------ is the act of lying or tricking someone. فريب‌، نيرنگ‌، حيله‌،
decipher
To ------ writing is to figure out what it says. رمز گشايى‌ كردن‌، كشف‌ رمز كردن‌ - خواندن‌، سردرآوردن ‌(خط‌ ناخوانا يا متون‌ قديمى‌ يا زبان‌هاى ناشناخته‌)
dung
------ is solid waste material produced by animals. پشگل‌، كود (حيوانى‌)
dusk
------ is the time in the evening when it begins to get dark. شفق‌، غروب‌،
gratify
to please someone, or to satisfy a wish or need خوشنود كردن‌، رضامند كردن‌، محظوظ‌ كردن‌، سرافراز كردن‌، (خواسته‌ يا آرزويى‌ را) برآوردن‌، اقناع‌ كردن‌، كامروا كردن‌،
hone
2. to make something perfect or completely suitable for its purpose 1. to sharpen an object كارآزموده‌ كردن‌، زبردست‌ كردن‌ - تيز كردن‌
mash
To ------ something is to crush it so that it is soft. خمير كردن‌، به‌ صورت‌ پوره‌ درآوردن‌،
ornate
1. having a lot of complicated decoration 2. mainly disapproving Language which is ornate contains too many complicated words or phrases پر زر و زيور، پرزرق‌ و برق‌، پرنقش‌ و نگار
pneumonia
------ is a dangerous illness causing the lungs to fill with liquid. سينه‌ پهلو، ذات‌ الريه‌،
psychic
When someone is ------, they know what will happen or what people think. داراى علم‌ غيب‌، فرا جهان‌بين‌، فرا روان‌ بين‌
psychotic
If someone is ------, they have a very serious mental illness. روان‌ پريش‌
scope
The ------ of something is how many people or things it relates to. گستره‌، حوزه‌، ميدان‌، محدوده‌
sinister
making you feel that something bad or evil might happen شيطان‌ صفت‌، شيطانى‌، اهريمنى‌،
strife
------ is disagreement or fighting between people or groups. كشمكش‌، مبارزه‌، مقابله‌، دوئيت‌، ستيز،
therapeutic
1. designed to help treat an illness 2. helping you to relax -
congested
1. too blocked or crowded and causing difficulties - 2. describes roads and towns where there is too much traffic and movement is made difficult - 3. describes someone who cannot breathe through their nose because it is blocked, usually during an infection -
courier
A ------ is someone who takes and delivers mail or packages. پيك‌، قاصد
deform
To ------ something means to change it from its correct or original shape. -
etiquette
uncountable: ------ is the group of rules about how to be polite. آداب‌، آداب‌ معاشرت‌
exclusive
1. <A > limited to only one person or group of people - 2. <A > expensive and only for people who are rich or of a high social class - 3. exclusive of sth: not including something - 4. mutually exclusive: not possible at the same time انحصارى، منحصر، اختصاصى‌، خصوصى،‌ خاص‌، ويژه‌،
freight
1. uncountable: goods, but not passengers, that are carried from one place to another, by ship, aircraft, train or truck, or the system of transporting these goods - 2. Verb: to send goods by air, sea or train محموله‌، بار، كالا - حمل‌ كردن‌ (كالا) ترابرى كردن‌، بار فرستادن‌،
garment
A ------ is a piece of clothing. جامه‌، پوشاك‌، لباس‌،
insomnia
------ is a condition in which a person has difficulty sleeping. ­بى‌خوابى‌،
intuitive
1. based on feelings rather than facts or proof - 2. able to know or understand something because of feelings rather than facts or proof شهودى
liable
If something is ------ to happen, it is very likely that it will happen. -
obsess
If something or someone -------- you, or if you -------- about something or someone, you think about them all the time وسواسى‌ كردن‌، ذهن‌ كسى‌ را مشغول‌ داشتن‌،
overboard
When something is ------, it is over the side of a boat and in the water. -
premium
1. <A > countable an amount which is more than usual - 2. <A > countable an amount of money paid to get insurance - 3. Adj: describes something that is of higher than usual quality -
privilege
A ------ is a special right given to only a certain person or group of people. امتياز، مزيت‌،
propel
To ------ something means to push or move it somewhere. پيش‌راندن‌، راندن‌، سوق‌ دادن‌
socialize
To ------ is to have a good time with people. معاشرت‌ كردن‌ با، رفت‌ و آمد كردن‌ با،
suppress
1. to end something by force - 2. to prevent something from being seen or expressed or from operating ،سرکوب کردن اتش يا فعاليت يک يکان ،موقوف کردن ،توقيف کردن ،فرو نشاندن
tram
A ------ is a vehicle like a streetcar that runs on electricity above ground. ترامواى ،واگن برقى ،باواگن رفتن
unsettle
To ------ someone means to make them anxious or worried. ­آشفتن‌، آشفته‌ كردن‌،
warp
To ------ means to become bent into the wrong shape. كج‌ و معوج‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌
artery
1. one of the thick tubes that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body - 2. an important road or railway line سرخرگ‌، شريان‌، - شاهراه‌، راه‌ حياتى‌،راه‌ يا آبراه‌ اصلى‌
deterioration
------ is the act of becoming worse. تباهى ،زوال ،بدتر شدن
elusive
difficult to describe, find, achieve or remember گريزان‌، فرّار، گريزگر، گريزپا، گيج‌ كننده‌، (از نظر يادگيرى يا بياد آوردن‌) دشوار، ديرفهم‌، سخت‌ آموز، از ياد رو
forage
To ------ means to look around for food. خوراك‌جويى‌ کردن، آذوقه‌جويى کردن‌، توشه‌جويى کردن‌،
impede
1. To ------ something means to keep it from moving or going forward. 2. to slow down or cause problems for the achievement or finishing of something جلوگيرى كردن (از پيشرفت‌)‌، پاگير شدن‌،
induce
2. transitive to cause something to happen 1. transitive + object + to infinitive to persuade someone to do something موجب‌ شدن‌، به‌ وجود آوردن‌، - (به‌ كارى) واداشتن‌، وادار كردن‌ (معمولا با استدلال‌ يا تشويق‌ يا نفوذ كلام‌)
inseparable
If two things are ------, they can’t be separated. ­جدانشدنى‌ (يانكردنى‌)، جدايى‌ ناپذير
invalid
If something is ------, it is not correct. 2. someone who is ill, usually for a long time and often needing to be cared for by another person ­بى‌اعتبار، بدون‌ ارزش‌ قانونى‌، باطل‌ - عليل‌، رنجور،
magnify
1. to make something look larger than it is, especially by looking at it through a specially cut piece of glass - 2. disapproving to make a problem bigger and more important than it really is بزرگ‌نما كردن (به‌ كمك‌ ذره‌ بين‌ و غيره‌)‌، بزرگ‌ كردن‌، درشت‌نما كردن‌ - غلو كردن‌، مبالغه‌ كردن‌،
mainstream
The ------ is a group of ideas that are considered normal and accepted. 2 the mainstream : the way of life or set of beliefs accepted by most people - 3. Verb:to teach children with physical or mental problems in the same class as children without problems -
microbe
A ------ is a very small living thing that often makes people sick. -
negligible
If something is ------, it is extremely small and not important. TRIVIAL, trifling, insignificant, unimportant, minor ناچيز، كم‌ اهميت‌، بخشش‌ پذير، قابل‌ صرفنظر،
paralysis
------ is the loss of the ability to move all or part of your body. فلج‌
pest
A ------ is an animal or insect that hurts plants or food. - 2. informal an annoying person, especially a child آفت‌، - سرخر، مزاحم‌، درد سر
prevail
2. <A > to be common among a group of people or area at a particular time - 1. <A > to get control or influence رواج‌ داشتن‌، پابرجا بودن‌، متداول بودن
respiration
------ is the act of breathing. artificial respiration -
rupture
To ------ means to tear or burst open. پاره‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌، پارگى‌، گسستگى‌،
savage
If something or someone is ------, they are very violent or cruel. وحشى‌،
stun
To ------ someone means to make them unable to speak due to surprise or shock. -
susceptible
If one is ------ to something like disease, they are easily harmed by it. آسيب‌ پذير، در معرض‌، مستعد،
accumulate
To ------ something is to collect a lot of it over time. انباشته‌ شدن‌، افزوده‌ شدن‌، (در يك‌ جا) جمع‌ شدن‌، توده‌ شدن‌ يا كردن‌،
aerial
1. in or from the air, especially from an aircraft - 2. a structure made of metal rods or wires which receives or sends out radio or television signals هوايى - آنتن - شاخک
apparatus
1. a set of equipment or tools or sometimes a machine which is used for a particular purpose - 2.an organization or system, especially a political one دستگاه‌، ماشين‌ آلات‌، ساز افزار، - سازمان
avalanche
An ------ is a large amount of snow, ice, and rock falling off a mountain. بهمن‌، آوار برف‌
consistency
------ is the state of always behaving in the same way. ثبات
convection
------ is the flow of hot air through gas or liquid. -
discharge
1. to allow someone officially to leave somewhere, especially a hospital or a court of law - 2. to send out a substance, especially waste liquid or gas - 3. to perform a task, especially an official one -
intact
1. complete and in the original state - 2. not damaged ­دست‌ نخورده‌، بى‌كم‌ و كاست‌، صحيح‌ و سالم‌، سالم‌، بى‌عيب‌ و نقص‌
mortal
When a person is ------, they cannot live forever. فانى‌، مرگ‌ پذير، مردنى‌، ميرا، فناپذير، ميرنده‌
omen
An ------ is a sign of what will happen in the future. نشانه‌، نويد
overcast
When the sky is ------, it is full of clouds and is not sunny. cloudy and therefore not bright and sunny -
poignant
When something is ------, it causes a very strong feeling of sadness. جگر سوز، دل‌شكن‌، اندوهبار، حزن‌ انگيز،
ranger
A ------ is a person who protects the forest or parks. ،جنگلبان
rubble
------ is piles of broken stone and wood created after a building is destroyed. پاره‌ سنگ‌، خرده‌ سنگ‌، قلوه‌ سنگ‌
seclude
To ------ someone means to keep them away from other people. جدا كردن‌، مجزا كردن‌، منزوى كردن‌، گوشه‌گيرى كردن‌، گوشه‌ گرفتن‌
sideways
1. to, towards or from the side 2. with one side facing forwards از کنار یا پهلو (حرکت کردن) - به یک سو و جهت (حرکت کردن)
sob
To ------ is to cry loudly. هق‌ هق‌ گريه‌ كردن‌، زاريدن‌، لابيدن‌، لابه‌ كردن‌
sober
2. serious and calm - 1. <A > not drunk or affected by alcohol -
speck
A ------ is a very small mark or amount. -
upbringing
An ------ is the way that someone is taught to behave by their parents. ­تربيت‌، پرورش‌، بارآوردن‌
advocate
To ------ a plan or idea is to support or suggest it in public. •هوادارى كردن‌، طرفدارى كردن‌
authorize
To ------ something means to give permission for it. اجازه‌ دادن‌، جواز دادن‌، - اختيار دادن‌، قادر كردن
civilian
A ------ is someone who is not in the military. غيرنظامى‌،
commodity
A ------ is something that can be bought or sold. -
conquest
A ------ is an event by which one country takes over another country. تسخير، فتح‌، (در اثر جنگ‌ و پيروزى)
disclose
to make something known publicly, or to show something that was hidden بروز دادن‌، فاش‌ كردن‌، پرده‌ برداشتن‌ از
dynamics
2. forces or processes that produce change inside a group or system - 1. forces that produce movement -
enroll
To ------ in something is to put one’s name on a list as a member of a group. در فهرست‌ (يا ليست‌ و غيره‌) وارد كردن‌ - نام‌نويسى‌ كردن‌، ثبت‌ نام‌ كردن‌ - به‌ عضويت‌ درآوردن‌،
envious
When someone is ------, they want something that another person has. حسود،
euphoria
------ is a feeling of extreme happiness. سرخوشى‌، وجد و شعف‌،
festive
When something is ------, it is happy and related to a party or celebration. جشنى‌، بزمى‌،(وابسته‌ به‌ يا مناسب‌ جشن‌ و جشنواره‌)
jolly
When someone is ------, they are cheerful and happy. شنگول‌، خوش‌ و خرم‌،
lentil
------s are very small beans that people cook and eat. عدس‌،
marshal
To ------ a group means to assemble them in order. رزم‌ آرايى‌ كردن‌، (اشيا يا انديشه‌ها و غيره‌) آراستن‌، نظم‌ و ترتيب‌ دادن‌
morale
------ is the amount of hope that people have during a difficult situation. روحيه‌
prophecy
1. a statement that says what is going to happen in the future, especially one which is based on what you believe about a particular matter rather than existing facts - 2. the ability to say what is going to happen in the future پيشگويى‌، -
sage
A ------ is someone who is very wise. دانا، فرزانه‌، عاقل‌،
senate
A ------ is a part of the government in some countries. شوراى عالى‌ دولتى‌،
sentiment
1. a thought, opinion or idea based on a feeling about a situation, or a way of thinking about something - 2. often disapproving gentle feelings such as sympathy, love, etc., especially when considered to be silly or not suitable -
unrest
disagreements or fighting between different groups of people -
adorn
To ------ something means to make it more beautiful by decorating it. آراستن‌، پيراستن‌، تزيين‌ كردن‌، زينت‌ دادن‌، آذين‌ كردن‌
bliss
------ is a state of complete happiness. آميزه‌ى خوشحالى‌ و لذت‌، شادكامى‌، خوشدلى‌،
butler
A ------ is the most important male servant in a wealthy house. سرپيشخدمت‌ ،ابدارباشى
cramp
A ------ is a strong pain caused by a muscle after a lot of physical use. گرفتگى‌ عضله‌ (در اثر خستگى‌ يا سرما و غيره‌)،
dilapidated
When a building is ------, it is old and in bad condition. ­درب‌ و داغون‌، شكسته‌ پكسته‌، مخروبه‌، ويران‌،
evoke
To ------ a memory or emotion means to make it occur. (واكنش‌ يا خاطره‌ يا تصوير ذهنى‌ و غيره‌ را) ايجاد كردن‌، بازآوردن‌، انگيزاندن‌، برانگيختن‌
farewell
A ------ is an instance of saying goodbye or a way to say it. خداحافظى‌
faucet
A ------ is a device that controls the flow of a liquid or gas. ­شير آب‌،
filth
------ is a large amount of dirt or dirty things that disgust you. پليدى، نجاست‌، كثافت‌،
flaw
A ------ is a mistake in something that causes it to be less effective or correct. نقص‌، نقيصه‌
grin
To ------ means to smile broadly. تبسم‌ كردن‌، لبخند گشاده‌ زدن‌
housekeeping
------ is the maintenance of a house or an establishment like a hotel. ،خانه دارى ،اداره منزل
mound
A ------ of something is a large pile of it. توده‌، انباشته‌، تل‌ انبار، تلنبار
numb
When a body part is ------, it does not have any feeling. كرخت‌، بى‌حس‌، لمس‌،
reckless
When people are ------, they act in an unsafe way. بى‌ملاحظه‌، فاقد حس‌ مسئوليت‌،
slate
------ is a dark grey rock that can easily be split into layers. -
stool
A ------ is a seat with legs but no support for a person’s arms and back. -
testament
A ------ to something shows that it exists or is true. گواه‌، شاهد، نمودار، سند
timber
------ is wood that is used for building houses and making furniture. الوار،
valve
A ------ is a device attached to a pipe that controls the flow of liquid or air. سوپاپ‌، شير و فلكه‌،
certify
To ------ something means to confirm that its results are true. گواهى‌ كردن‌، تصديق‌ كردن‌، (معمولا به‌ طور كتبى‌)
collaborate
1. to work with someone else for a special purpose - 2. disapproving to work with an enemy who has taken control of your own country همكارى كردن‌، - با دشمن‌ همدستى‌ كردن‌ (به‌ ويژه‌ هنگام‌ اشغال‌ كشور)
compile
To ------ things means to collect a variety of them into a group. گردآورى كردن‌، جمع‌آورى كردن‌،
counteract
To ------ something means to act against it in order to reduce or stop it. ­مقابله‌ كردن‌،
curb
to control or limit something that is not wanted مهاردار كردن‌، داراى لگام‌ كردن‌،تحت کنترل دراوردن
diagnose
to recognize and name the exact character of a disease or a problem, by examining it تشخيص‌ دادن‌ بيمارى، تشخيص‌ داده‌ شدن‌، بازشناسى‌ كردن‌، واشناخت‌ كردن‌
enact
1. often passive to put something into action, especially to change something into a law - 2. to perform a story or play وضع‌ كردن‌، تصويب‌ كردن‌، به‌ صورت‌ قانون‌ درآوردن‌، - بازى كردن‌، ايفا كردن‌،
federation
A ------ is a group of states or businesses working for a common cause. -
gross
3. informal extremely unpleasant - 1. before noun formal (especially in law) unacceptable because clearly wrong - 2. extremely fat or large and ugly -
humane
If something is ------, then it is good and kind. انسانى‌، مردمى‌ خو، مهربان‌، رحيم‌، (داراى ويژگى‌هاى خوب‌ انسانى‌)
intolerable
If something is ------, then it is so bad that people cannot bear it. ­تحمل‌ ناپذير، تاب‌ نياوردنى‌،
needy
1. poor and not having enough food, clothes, etc - 2. wanting too much attention and love POOR, deprived, disadvantaged, underprivileged
onset
the onset of sth: the moment at which something unpleasant begins -
pledge
to make a serious or formal promise to give or do something قول‌ دادن‌، عهد كردن‌
prohibit
To ------ something means to not allow it. ممنوع‌ كردن‌، قدغن‌ كردن‌، منع‌ كردن‌،
rash
1. a lot of small red spots on the skin - 2. a rash of sth: a large number of unpleasant events of the same type - 3. Adj: careless or unwise, without thought for what might happen or result كهير، - شتابزده‌، نسنجيده‌، عجولانه‌،
render
3. to give something such as a service, a personal opinion or expression, or a performance of a song or poem, etc. to people - 4. ~ sth (formal) to express or perform sth - 1. to cause someone or something to be in a particular state - 2. to change words into a different language or form -
smallpox
------ is a disease that causes tiny bumps on the skin and high fevers. آبله‌
transmit
To ------ something means to pass it from one person or place to another. فرستادن‌، (راديو و غيره‌) - انتقال‌ دادن‌، منتقل‌ كردن‌
vow
To ------ means to make a promise to do something. عهد كردن‌، شرط‌ كردن‌، سوگند خوردن‌،
camouflage
2. (only singular or uncountable) the way that the colour or shape of an animal or plant appears to mix with its natural environment to prevent it from being seen by attackers استتار - استتار کردن
contemplate
to spend time considering a possible future action, or to consider one particular thing for a long time in a serious and quiet way در بحر تفكر فرو رفتن‌، تعمق‌ و تفكر كردن‌، سگاليدن‌،
contend
1. ~ that... (formal) to say that sth is true, especially in an argument - 2. (for sth) to compete against sb in order to gain sth -
cot
A ------ is a small portable bed. تخت‌ سفرى، تختخواب‌ تاشو
enlist
2. intransitive, transitive to join or to make sb join the armed forces - 1. transitive to persuade sb to help you or to join you in doing sth نام‌ نويسى‌ كردن(براى خدمت‌ نظام‌) - (كمك‌ يا حمايت‌ و غيره‌ى ديگران‌ را) جلب‌ كردن‌،
frontier
A ------ is a border between two regions or countries. مرز (ميان‌ دو كشور ياناحيه‌)
handbook
A ------ is an item that gives specific information or instructions. كتاب‌ راهنما،
hesitant
If someone is ------, then they are not sure or slow in acting or speaking. ­مردد، دودل‌، نامطمئن‌،
lush
1. A lush area has a lot of green, healthy plants, grass and trees - 3. informal very attractive to look at, taste, smell, etc - 2. (of places, furniture, decoration, etc.) expensive and luxurious -
marrow
------ is the soft substance in the center of bones. مغز استخوان‌،
outfit
An ------ is a set of clothes worn together, often for a certain job or event. لباس‌ (دست‌ كامل‌ جامه‌ براى انجام‌ كار بخصوصى‌)
paw
A ------ is an animal’s foot that has claws or soft bottoms. پنجه‌، پنجول‌
quiver
to shake slightly, often because of strong emotion -
splendid
If something or someone is ------, then they are very good. excellent, or beautiful and impressive
stray
1. to travel along a route that was not originally intended, or to move outside a limited area - 2. to start thinking or talking about a different subject from the one you should be giving attention to خارج‌ شدن‌، گمراه‌ شدن‌ (از راه‌ خود يا محدوده‌ و غيره‌) - منحرف‌ شدن‌، (از موضوع‌)
substantial
If something is ------, then it is of great importance, size, or value. -
torch
A ------ is a stick with one end on fire that can be carried in order to give light. مشعل‌،
tract
A ------ is a large area of land. گستره‌،پهنه‌، ناحيه‌، منطقه‌، قطعه‌، قواره‌
vigil
A ------ is a period of watchful attention at night for a specific purpose. شب‌ زنده‌دارى،
weary
If someone is ------, then they are tired. خسته‌، كسل‌، وامانده‌، فرسوده‌
adhere
1. To ------ means to act in the way that a rule or agreement says is right. 2. to stick firmly پيروى كردن‌، وفادار ماندن‌، رعايت‌ كردن‌، (صميمانه‌) - چسبيدن‌، وصل‌ ماندن‌
administer
1. often passive to control the operation or arrangement of something; to manage or govern - 2. transitive formal to cause someone to receive something - 3. administer an oath to sb formal: to be present while someone says an oath (= formal promise) officially اداره‌ كردن‌، مديريت‌ كردن‌، -
compassionate
When people are ------, they feel pity and sympathy for others. دلرحم‌، رحيم‌، دلسوز، مهربان‌،
contaminate
To ------ something means to put dirty or harmful chemicals into it. آلودن‌، آلوده‌ كردن‌،
deficiency
A ------ is a lack of something, especially something that is needed. INSUFFICIENCY, lack, shortage - DEFECT, fault, flaw, imperfection كمبود، نقص‌، كاستى‌، كمداشت‌، عيب‌ و نقص‌
epidemic
An ------ is an outbreak of a disease that spreads quickly. • a flu/AIDS epidemic - • a crime/unemployment epidemic بيمارى همه‌ گير، مرض‌ مسرى، واگيره‌
hazard
A ------ is something that could be dangerous to a person’s health or safety. • a health/fire hazard مخاطره‌،
imperative
When something is ------, it is extremely important and must be done. واجب‌، ضرورى، بايسته‌،
intestines
------ are tubes through which food passes after it leaves the stomach. روده‌(ها)
manifest
To ------ means to make something visible or obvious. آشكار كردن‌ يا شدن‌، (از خود) نشان‌ دادن‌
metabolic
When something is ------, it relates to a person’s or animal’s metabolism. -
overcrowded
When a place is ------, it has too many people or things in it. -
paramount
When something is ------, it is more important than anything else. مهمترين‌،
practitioner
someone involved in a skilled job or activity -
provision
1. SUPPLY: when something is provided - 2. ------s: supplies of food and other necessary things - 3. make provision for sth : to make arrangements to deal with something, often financial arrangements -
replenish
To ------ something means to make it full or complete again. دوباره‌ پر كردن‌، باز پر كردن‌، دوباره‌ تكميل‌ كردن‌،
sterile
3. completely clean and free from dirt and bacteria - 1. (of a living being) unable to produce young, or (of land) unable to produce plants or crops - 2. having no imagination or new ideas or energy ضد عفونى‌ شده‌، گندزدايى‌ شده‌ - نا بارور، لم‌ يزرع‌، باير
upgrade
improve the quality or usefulness of something, such as a machine or a computer program, or give a person a more important job or state that their job is more important than it was in the past -
viable
1. <A > able to work as intended or able to succeed - 2. specialized able to continue to exist as or develop into a living being داراى امكان‌ موفقيت‌، عملى - زيست‌پذير، زنده‌ماندنى‌، زيستا
voluntary
When something is ------, it is done by choice but is not required. داوطلبانه‌، داوخواهانه‌،
amid
If something is ------ something else, then it is in the middle of it. ­در ميان‌، در وسط‌، در بحبوحه‌، در حين‌
backstage
1. in the area behind the stage in a theatre, especially the rooms in which actors change their clothes or where equipment is kept - 2. If something happens backstage, it is not generally known about -
billionaire
A ------ is someone who has at least one billion dollars. -
brute
1. disapproving a rough and sometimes violent man - 2. an animal, especially a large one زبان‌ بسته‌، فاقد قدرت‌ تعقل‌ و استدلال‌، بى‌شعور، بى‌خرد
clumsy
If someone is ------, then they are awkward in handling things. دست‌ و پا چلفتى‌، چلفتى‌،
collide
(especially of moving objects) to hit something violently به‌ هم‌ خوردن‌، تصادم‌ كردن‌، به‌ هم‌ كوفته‌ شدن‌، ( مخصوصا در هنگام حرکت )
culprit
A ------ is someone who did a crime or other bad deed. متهم ،مقصر،ادم خطاکار يا مجرم
evacuate
To ------ means to leave a place of danger to a place of safety. تخليه‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌، بيرون‌ بردن‌، عقب‌ نشستن‌ (شهر و غيره‌ را از مردم‌ يا قشون‌ خالى‌ كردن‌) - (تخليه‌ كردن‌ فضولات‌ بدن‌ به‌ ويژه‌ سرگين‌) بيرون‌ ريختن‌، برون‌ ريز كردن‌، ريدن‌،
flammable
If something is ------, then it is able to catch on fire. -
mob
A ------ is a large crowd of people that often wants to cause violence. مردم‌ بى‌ سروپا، اراذل‌ و اوباش‌،
premature
If something is ------, then it is done too early or before the proper time. زودرس‌، پيشزاد، پيش‌ از موقع‌، نارس‌، زودهنگام‌ - نابهنگام‌، بدموقع‌
resent
to feel bitter or angry about sth, especially because you feel it is unfair -
satire
A ------ is a work of art that uses humor and irony to make fun of something. هجونامه‌، طنزنامه‌، شعر (يا داستان‌ وغيره‌) هجو آميز
scrutiny
------ is the careful examination of something. نگاه‌ موشكافانه‌، ژرف‌نگرى، نگاه‌ عميق‌
segregate
To ------ something means to place it in a group apart from other things. جدا كردن‌، مجزا كردن‌، (از هم‌) سوا كردن‌، تفكيك‌ كردن‌ (به‌ ويژه‌ از نظر نژادى يا مذهبى‌)
subject
To ------ someone to something means to force them to do or experience it. -
testify
To ------ means to give evidence as a witness. شهادت‌ دادن‌، گواهى‌ دادن‌، شاهد شدن‌ (به‌ويژه‌ در دادگاه‌)
tumult
A ------ is a loud and confused noise made by a large crowd of people. هياهو، جنجال‌، غوغا، همهمه‌
underestimate
To ------ something or someone means to think they are not important. ­دست‌ كم‌ گرفتن‌، كم‌ اهميت‌ (يا كم‌ ارج‌ و غيره‌) پنداشتن‌
uproar
------ is loud noise caused by people who are very angry or upset. غريو،
accelerate
To ------ means to increase in speed. -
anew
If you do something ------, you do it again and in a different way. -
defect
A ------ is a part of something that is wrong or missing. -
dreary
If something is ------, then it is dull, dark, and lifeless. -
duplicate
To ------ something means to copy it. -
electromagnetic
If something is ------, it is related to electricity and magnetic fields. -
electron
An ------ is a particle in all atoms that has a negative electric charge. -
glide
To ------ means to fly on extended wings with little or no effort. -
ingenious
If someone is ------, then they are very smart. -
innovation
An ------ is a product or an idea that is new or very original. -
innovative
If something or someone is ------, they can think in creative ways. -
launch
To ------ something means to make it go into motion. -
meteorological
If something is ------, it is concerned with the science of weather. -
meteorology
------ is the science that studies the weather. -
penetrate
To ------ something means to enter into it. -
propulsion
------ is the force that moves something forward. -
simulate
To ------ something means to copy its actions or characteristics. -
spur
To ------ someone means to urge them into action. -
stimulate
To ------ something means to cause or to increase activity in it. -
tenacious
If someone is ------, then they do not easily give up. -
beforehand
If something is done ------, then it is done in advance. -
centigrade
If a temperature is ------, it is scaled, so water freezes at 0° and boils at 100°. -
chatter
To ------ means to talk quickly about unimportant things. -
concerto
A ------ is music for a solo instrument and played with an orchestra. -
condense
To ------ a gas means to make it a liquid. -
cove
A ------ is a part of land where it curves inward around the sea. -
deteriorate
To ------ means to become steadily worse. -
exterior
An ------ is the outside surface of something. -
freeway
A ------ is a road with no stops where cars travel at high speeds. -
hearty
If someone or something is ------, then they are loud and happy. -
hospitable
If someone is ------, they are friendly to strangers. -
manor
A ------ is a large house with many rooms. -
monastery
A ------ is a building in which monks live. -
nursery
A ------ is a room where babies and children sleep, play, or are cared for. -
outstretched
If something is ------, then it is extended to its full length. -
parcel
A ------ is a package of things to be carried or mailed somewhere. -
profile
A ------ is an outline of a face, usually as seen from the side. -
vivacious
If someone is ------, they are talkative and cheerful. -
winding
If something is ------, then it follows a twisting course. -
zip
To ------ something means to close it with a zipper. -
airway
An ------ is the passage by which air reaches a person’s lungs. -
Almighty
The ------ is a name for a god in a religion. -
advent
An ------ is the arrival or beginning of an important person, thing, or event. -
constellation
A ------ is a group of stars with a recognizable shape. -
definitive
If something is ------, then it is the most official. -
equate
To ------ one thing with another is to compare them and consider them very similar. -
inhale
To ------ means to take air or a smell into the lungs. -
invoke
To ------ something is to mention it to support an argument or ask for help. -
lunar
If something is ------, then it is related to the moon. -
novelty
A ------ is something that is new, original, or strange. -
outmoded
If something is ------, then it is no longer in fashion or use. -
personalize
To ------ something means to design it to meet a person’s unique needs. -
pertain
To ------ to something means to be related or connected to it. -
primal
If something is ------, then it is very basic or related to the origin of something. -
psychiatric
If something is ------, then it is related to mental illness or its treatment. -
psychiatry
------ is the study and treatment of mental illness. -
reflex
A ------ is an unconscious action in which a body part responds to an event. -
seizure
A ------ is sudden illness in which the body loses control and shakes. -
session
A ------ is a meeting at a regular time in order to discuss and solve an issue. -
utensil
A ------ is a common tool or container. -
adhesive
An ------ is a substance used for sticking things together. -
adverse
If something is ------, then it is harmful. -
dependency
A ------ is a strong need for someone or something. -
dump
To ------ something means to throw it away or get rid of it. -
eternal
If something is ------, then it lasts forever. -
fluctuate
To ------ means to rise and fall in number or amount. -
fro
(to and ˈfro ) If something moves to and ------, it moves backward and forward or side to side. in one direction and then in the opposite direction, a repeated number of times
inclusion
------ is the act of including someone or something in a group. -
intermediate
If something is ------, then it is in the middle of two levels, places, or times. -
intermittent
If something is ------, then it happens in a way that is not constant. ­ادوارى، متناوب‌،
mentor
A ------ is a person with experience or knowledge who advises someone. -
phoenix
A ------ is an imaginary bird that burned to ashes and was reborn. -
photosynthesis
------ is the process in which plants change sunlight and air. -
pollen
------ is the tiny yellow powder made in the flowers of plants. -
regain
To ------ something means to get it back. -
reverse
To ------ means to change to the opposite direction. -
swarm
A ------ is a group of flying insects. -
texture
------ is the quality of something that can be known by its touch. -
tickle
To ------ someone is to touch them in a way that causes laughter. -
vibrant
If something is ------, then it is bright and full of color. 1. energetic, exciting and full of enthusiasm
abolish
To ------ something means to put an end to it, such as a system or law. -
amend
To ------ something means to change it to improve or make it accurate. -
aspire
To ------ means to have a strong desire to achieve or do something. -
censor
To ------ information means to remove it if it is rude or rebellious. -
charter
A ------ is a document that describes the rights of an organization or group. -
constitution
A ------ is a document of principles for a government. -
cosmopolitan
When a place is ------, it is full of people from many different places. -
disseminate
To ------ information or knowledge means to distribute it. -
flatter
To ------ people means to praise them in an effort to please them. -
infamous
When someone is ------, they are well known for something bad. -
lame
If one is ------, they cannot walk properly due to an injury to the leg or foot. -
limp
To ------ means to walk with difficulty because someone’s leg or foot is hurt. -
outburst
An ------ is a sudden, strong expression of an emotion. -
pathological
When a behavior is ------, it is extreme, unacceptable, and uncontrollable. -
phenomenal
When something is ------, it is unusually great. -
poll
A ------ is a survey in which people give their opinions about important things. -
remorse
------ is a strong feeling of sadness and regret. -
secrecy
------ is the behavior of keeping things secret. -
tackle
To ------ something means to deal with it in a determined and efficient way. -
trance
A ------ is a a state where people seem asleep and have no control of themselves. -
coward
A ------ is a person who lacks courage to do risky or dangerous things. -
delete
To ------ something means to remove or erase written material. -
firsthand
If something is ------, then it is from an original source. -
earnest
If someone is ------, then they are honest. -
ethnic
If something is ------, then it is related to a group with a similar culture. -
exclude
To ------ someone means to not accept them into a group. -
fluent
If someone is ------ in a language, then they are able to speak it very well. -
imperial
If something is ------, then it is of, or related to an empire. -
inclusive
If something is ------, then it is open to all groups and people in society. -
legislature
A ------ is the section of a government that makes laws. -
linguistic
If something is ------, then it is concerned with language. -
monolingual
If someone is ------, then they speak only one language. -
nationality
------ is an identity based on the nation from which you come. -
patriot
A ------ is someone who loves, supports, and defends their country. -
prosecute
To ------ someone means to take legal action against them. -
racial
If something is ------, then it is related to a race or races. -
solemn
If something is ------, then it is serious and honest. -
solidarity
------ is a union formed from common responsibilities or interests. -
tact
------ is the ability to avoid offending people when dealing with problems. -
undermine
To ------ someone means to betray or weaken their efforts or authority. -
allocate
To ------ something means to put it aside for a certain purpose or person. -
appetizing
When food is ------, it looks and smells very good. -
blizzard
A ------ is a severe snow storm with strong winds. -
cavity
A ------ is a hole or space in something. -
clockwise
If something moves ------, it moves in a circle in the same direction as a clock. -
concentric
When circles or rings are ------, they have the same center. -
courtesy
------ is the excellence of manners or social conduct. -
crisp
When food is ------, it is hard or has a hard surface in a way that is pleasant. -
discord
------ is disagreement or fighting between people. -
frigid
When something is ------, it is extremely cold. -
generate
To ------ something means to cause it to develop or begin. -
glacial
When something is ------, it relates to large masses of ice that move slowly. -
interchange
An ------ of ideas between people is a discussion of each person’s idea. -
locker
A ------ is a small cabinet with a lock where people store their possessions. -
multicultural
When something is ------, it relates to many different cultures. -
omission
An ------ is something that has been left out or not done. -
oversee
To ------ something means to make sure that it is being done properly. -
pierce
To ------ something means to make a hole in it using a sharp object. -
replicate
To ------ something is to do it in the exact same way as someone before. -
wavy
When something is ------, it is not straight but has a series of curves. -
abide
To ------ by something, like a rule, means to obey it. -
conversion
------ is the act of changing something into a different state or form. -
cram
To ------ things means to put them into a place that can barely contain them. -
defer
To ------ means to arrange for an action to happen at a later time. -
export
To ------ products means to sell them to other countries. -
fume
------s are unhealthy smoke and gases that are made by fires or chemicals. -
habitual
When something is ------, it is a behavior that a person usually does or has. -
justify
To ------ something means to show or prove that it is necessary. -
output
------ is the amount of something that a person or thing produces. -
overpopulation
------ is the state of having too many people in an area. -
patent
A ------ is a right to be the only person allowed to make or sell a new product. -
penalize
To ------ someone means to punish him or her. -
petroleum
------ is a liquid natural resource from which many fuels are made. -
prototype
A ------ is a new machine that is not ready to be made in large quantities. -
scrap
A ------ of something is a small amount of it. -
sector
A ------ is a part of a country’s economy in a specific type of industry. -
subscribe
To ------ to something is to agree or to concur with it. -
subsist
To ------ means to have the food, water, and money needed to stay alive. -
suspend
To ------ something means to delay or stop it from happening for a while. -
synthesis
A ------ is a combination of different ideas or styles. -
acrobat
An ------ is a person who entertains people by doing amazing physical things. -
advocacy
------ is the act of supporting or recommending something. -
communal
If something is ------, it involves a group of people. -
fluid
If something is ------, it is smooth and moves gracefully. -
harmonize
To ------ means to make different things go well together. -
industrious
If someone is ------, they work hard. -
inventive
When someone is ------, they are good at creating new things. -
judicial
If something is ------, it is related to judges or courts of law. -
Mandarin
------ is one of the two main Chinese languages. -
metropolitan
If something is ------, it relates to a large city. -
mimic
To ------ something means to copy the way it sounds or moves. -
misguided
When something is ------, it is based on bad judgment or wrong beliefs. -
rehearse
To ------ means to practice and prepare for a performance in front of people. -
scorn
To ------ someone means to behave without respect toward them. -
sensory
If something is ------, it is related to the senses. -
staple
If something is ------, it is standard or basic. -
statute
A ------ is a law that is official and has been written down. -
veteran
A ------ is someone who has a lot of experience doing something. -
villain
A ------ is an evil person who breaks the law or hurts others. -
vine
A ------ is a plant that has long, twisting stems and climbs upward. -
constrain
To ------ something means to limit its development. -
depot
A ------ is a bus or train station. -
emulate
To ------ people means to imitate them because they are greatly admired. -
forefinger
The ------ is the finger between one’s thumb and middle finger. -
guts
The ------ are all the organs inside a person or animal. -
inherent
When something is ------, it is a natural part of something else. -
intimidate
To ------ means to frighten others. -
janitor
A ------ is a person who makes repairs and takes care of a building. -
moist
When something is ------, it is slightly wet. -
nope
------ is an informal way of saying “ no.” -
prod
To ------ means to push someone or something with a finger or pointed object. -
ransom
A ------ is a sum of money paid to a kidnapper to set the person free. -
restrain
To ------ someone or something means to use physical strength to stop them. -
saliva
------ is the watery liquid in people’s mouths that helps in digestion. -
spit
To ------ means to force liquid from one’s mouth. -
sprint
To ------ means to run very fast over a short distance. -
stunt
A ------ is something that is done in order to get attention or publicity. -
tolerant
When people are ------, they are approved of because they accept others. -
vampire
A ------ is a fictional monster that sleeps in a coffin and sucks people’s blood. -
yawn
To ------ means to open one’s mouth wide and breathe in air. -
analogy
An ------ is a connection made between things to show that they are similar. -
ancestry
A person’s ------ is the series of people from whom a person descended. -
archer
An ------ is a person who uses a bow and arrows. -
conspiracy
A ------ is a secret plan made by a group of people to do something illegal. -
deputy
A ------ is the second-highest-ranking person in a business or government. -
earl
An ------ is a nobleman from Britain. -
fragrant
When something is ------, it has a pleasant smell. -
funnel
A ------ is an object with a wide top and a narrow bottom for pouring liquids. -
hereditary
If something is ------, it is a trait passed onto children from their parents. -
hymn
A ------ is a religious song that often praises a god. -
invert
To ------ something means to turn it upside down. -
prey
------ is the animals that are hunted and eaten by another creature. -
procession
A ------ is a group of people who walk or drive in a line during a public event. -
prophet
A ------ is a person chosen by a god to give the god’s message to people. -
sarcastic
When something is ------, it is the opposite of what is actually meant. -
seasoning
------ is a mix of salt, herbs, and spices that improves the taste of food. -
sodium
------ is an element that can be used to make substances such as salt. -
tyranny
A ------ is a cruel and unfair government in which one person has power. -
tyrant
A ------ is someone who treats people in a cruel, harsh, and unfair way. -
vinegar
------ is a strong liquid made from sour wine that is used in cooking. -
adjoining
If something is ------, it is next to or joined with a building, or room. -
allege
To ------ something is to say that it is true without offering proof. -
arch
An ------ is a curved opening formed under a structure such as a bridge or doorway. -
assemble
To ------ means to get together in one place. -
casualty
A ------ is a person killed or injured in a war or an accident. -
erect
To ------ something means to build it. -
foul
If something is ------, then it is not pleasant or enjoyable. -
hectare
A ------ is a unit of measure equal to 10,000 square meters. -
heighten
To ------ an emotion means to increase the intensity of it. -
hospitality
------ is friendly behavior and entertainment given to guests or strangers. -
mansion
A ------ is a large and expensive home. -
outnumber
To ------ a group means to have a greater number than it. -
overjoyed
If someone is ------, then they are extremely happy. -
pasture
A ------ is an area of land covered with grass for animals to use as food. -
petition
A ------ is a written request asking an authority to do something. -
renovate
To ------ a building means to repair it or build new structures on it. -
revise
To ------ something means to change or update it to make it better. -
slab
A ------ is a large, thick, flat piece of stone, concrete, metal, or wood. -
terrace
A ------ is an open area that is connected to a house or an apartment. -
turf
------ is a section of grass and the dirt in which it grows. -
analogous
If something is ------ to another thing, then it is like it in certain ways. -
binoculars
------ are a device used for seeing things that are far away. -
bulk
The ------ of something is its great size. -
comprise
If something ------s something else, it consists of or is made up of it. -
depict
To ------ something means to show or portray it, often using art. -
dual
If something is ------, then it is made up of two parts. -
Fahrenheit
------ temperature is a scale where water freezes at 32° and boils at 212°. -
fulfill
To ------ something means to achieve or finish it. -
grove
A ------ is a small group of trees. -
ore
------ is the raw form of rock or material from which a valuable metal is taken. -
outback
The ------ is the wild inland region of Australia where very few people live. -
outweigh
To ------ something means to exceed it in value, amount, or importance. -
paradox
A ------ is a true statement or real event that seems illogical. -
pier
A ------ is a structure that extends into a body of water. -
shortcut
A ------ is a route that is shorter than the main route. -
tariff
A ------ is a tax or fee paid on certain imports or exports. -
thermometer
A ------ is a device that measures temperature. -
tilt
To ------ something means to tip it into a sloping position. -
vice versa
If a statement is ------, then its two main ideas are switched with one another. -
whereabouts
The ------ of someone or something is the place where they are. -
amber
------ is a hard, yellowish material that comes from trees. -
charcoal
------ is a black material that is used as fuel for fire. -
columnist
A ------ is a writer who creates articles about a particular subject. -
courteous
When someone is ------, they are polite and respectful. -
credentials
------ are the proof of someone’s experience or ability to do something. -
cricket
A ------ is an insect that makes loud noises, usually at night. -
delta
A ------ is flat area where a river splits into smaller rivers that flow into the sea. -
detergent
------ is soap that is used to clean clothes or dishes. -
euphemism
A ------ is a term that is used in place of a mean or unpleasant word. -
expire
To ------ is to no longer be effective because its use has come to an end. -
granite
------ is a very hard type of rock that is often black or pink. -
gravel
------ is a combination of small stones mixed with sand. -
haunt
To ------ is to cause problems or negative thoughts over a long period of time. -
liberal
When someone is ------, they accept different ideas and people. -
maze
A ------ is a system of paths that is complicated and easy to get lost in. -
moss
------ is a small green or yellow plant that grows on wet dirt, rocks, or tree trunks. -
pebble
A ------ is a small, round stone. -
peck
When a bird ------s, it bites or hits something with its beak. -
reservoir
A ------ is a place for storing water for a town to use. -
streak
A ------ is a long, thin mark that is easy to see. -