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Book 5


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allot
To ----- something means to give it to someone. اختصاص‌ دادن‌، واگذار كردن‌، محول‌ كردن‌،
appall
To ----- means to horrify, shock, or disgust someone. ­مملو از هراس‌ و انزجار كردن‌، ترساندن، پريشان‌ كردن‌،
cache
A ----- is a hiding place for valuable things. مخفیگاه، نهانگاه‌، جاى امن‌ و امان‌، پنهانگاه‌،
convenience
----- is a state of being able to do something with little effort. راحتى‌، آسايش‌، آسودگى‌
dearth
A ----- is an amount or supply which is not large enough. كمبود، كميابى‌، کميابى و گرانى
deliberate
If a thing you do is -----, you intend to do it. عمدى، آگاهانه‌، تعمق کردن، سنجیدن، اندیشه کردن
dire
When something is -----, it is terrible and very serious. سهمگين‌، وحشتناك‌، هولناك‌، شوم‌، وخيم‌، مبرم‌، شديد،
elapse
To ----- means to pass, as in seconds, minutes, or hours. سپرى شدن‌، گذشتن‌، سرآمدن‌،
empathy
----- is sharing or understanding another person’s feelings. ­همدلى‌، هم‌ احساسى‌، يکدلى، تلقين
fanciful
When something is -----, it is unusual or unrealistic. خيالباف‌، خيالى،خيال‌پرداز، شگفت‌انگيز
gripe
To ----- means to complain constantly. شکیایت شدید و مداوم کردن
grueling
When something is -----, it is very hard to do. ­طاقت‌ فرسا، جان‌فرسا،
mundane
When something is -----, it is boring, common, or ordinary. پيش‌ پا افتاده‌،
opt
To ----- is to make a choice, especially when deciding in favor of something. (معمولا با:‏ o‏t‏ يا r‏o‏f‏) از روی سلیقه: گزیدن، انتخاب‌ كردن‌، برگزيدن‌، ترجيح‌ دادن‌
outrage
----- is a very strong emotion of anger or shock. 2. a shocking, morally unacceptable and usually violent action - خشم‌ شديد - كار خشونت‌آميز، عمل‌ شنيع‌ - از كوره‌ در رفتن، برآشفتن،
paltry
When an amount of something is -----, it is very small. (of a sum of money) ناچيز،
rectify
To ----- something means to correct it. اصلاح‌ كردن‌، درست‌ كردن‌، تصحيح‌ كردن‌،
resourceful
When someone is -----, they are good at dealing with hard situations. ­مبتكر، چاره‌جو، خوش‌فكر، خوش‌قريحه‌
sustenance
----- is food and water needed to keep a person, animal, or plant alive. -
tedious
When something is -----, it is long, frustrating, and boring. ­خسته‌ كننده‌، ملال‌ انگيز، كسل‌ كننده‌
abbey
An ----- is a house or group of houses where monks or nuns live. صومعه‌، خانقاه‌، دير
abundant
If something is -----, then it is available in large quantities. فراوان‌، وافر، بسيار، سرشار
adjoin
To ----- something means to be next to or attached to something else. ­متصل‌ بودن‌، پيوسته‌ بودن‌، هم‌كنار كردن‌ يا شدن‌، هم‌مرز بودن‌ يا كردن‌، متصل‌ كردن‌، به‌ هم‌ پيوسته‌ كردن‌، ضميمه‌ كردن‌
ample
If something is -----, then it is enough or more than enough. abundant
arid
If a place is -----, then it is hot and dry and gets very little or no rain. 2. formal unsuccessful - 3. formal not interesting and showing no imagination - بى‌آب‌ و علف‌، لم‌ يزرع‌، خشك‌، كم‌ باران‌، كم‌ آب‌، باير
cathedral
A ----- is an important and often large and beautifully built church. هر كليساى بزرگ‌ و مجلل‌
deprive
To ----- someone of something means to not let them have it. محروم‌ كردن‌، به‌ زور گرفتن‌، بى‌نصيب‌ كردن‌، بى‌بهره‌ كردن‌، ناكام‌ كردن‌، سلب‌ كردن‌
drought
A ----- is a long period of time in which little or no rain falls. خشكسالى‌، كم‌بارانى‌
eligible
If someone is -----, then they are permitted to do or have something. واجد شرايط‌، (به‌ ويژه‌ براى زناشويى‌) شايسته‌، دلخواه‌، مناسب‌ ازدواج‌،
fast
To ----- means to go without food or drink for a period of time. -
grumble
To ----- means to complain. غرزدن‌، نق‌ زدن‌، با آزردگى‌ حرف‌ زدن‌
inland
If someone goes -----, they travel into the center of a country or land. -
moisture
----- is small drops of water in the air or on a surface. نم‌، رطوبت‌، ترى، خيسى‌
nonetheless
If something happens -----, then it occurs despite some other thing. even so, however, but, still, yet, though; in spite of that, despite that
oath
An ----- is a formal, often public, promise. VOW, pledge, promise - سوگند، قسم‌
prairie
A ----- is a large flat area of grassland. هامون‌، دشت‌،
ragged
If something is -----, then it is old, torn, and falling apart. ژنده‌، مندرس‌، پاره‌ پوره‌
rugged
If an area of land is -----, then it is rocky and difficult to travel through. پر پستى‌ و بلندى، پست‌ و بلند، ناهموار، پر صخره‌، سنگلاخ‌
scarce
If something is -----, then it is in a very small amount. كمياب‌، نادر
speculate
To ----- means to guess about something. كردن‌، گمان‌ كردن‌، گمانه‌ زنى‌ كردن‌،
analytic
If something is -----, it is related to logic and reasoning. وابسته‌ به‌ تجزيه‌ و تحليل‌ يا قياس‌ و تحليل‌، فراكافتى‌، واكافتى‌، تحليلى‌
assert
To ----- a fact or belief means to state it with confidence. (موكدا) اعلام‌ كردن‌، تصريح‌ كردن‌، اظهار قطعى‌ كردن‌، تاكيد كردن‌
bachelor
A ----- is an unmarried man. -
calculus
----- is an advanced type of mathematics. حساب‌ ديفرانسيل‌ و انتگرال‌،
celestial
If something is -----, it is related to the sky or to outer space. كيهانى
cognitive
If something is -----, it is related to learning and knowing things. شناختى
collision
A ----- is the act of two things hitting into each another. 2. DIFFERENCE countable a strong disagreement - به‌ هم‌ خوردن‌، تصادم‌، تصادف‌ - (شخصيت‌ و انديشه‌ و غيره‌) برخورد، تضاد
competent
If someone is -----, they are able to think or act successfully. كارامد، كارا، ماهر، كاردان‌، متبحر
diploma
A ----- is a certificate proving that someone has completed their studies. -
excel
To ----- at a subject or activity means to be very good at it. 1. to be extremely good at something - 2. excel yourself : to do something better than you usually do
geology
----- is the study of the Earth’s natural structures and how they change. زمين‌ شناسى‌
harness
To ----- something means to control and use it, usually to make energy. (مجازى) مهار كردن برای بره برداری از انرژی
intellect
An ----- is a person’s ability to understand things easily. آدم‌ باهوش‌، خردمند، هوشمند
keen
If someone is -----, they are intelligent. 4. literary very sharp - (ديدن‌ و شنيدن‌ و انديشيدن‌) تيزبين‌، تيزهوش‌، داراى گوش‌ تيز، زيرك‌
mythology
----- is a group of stories from a particular country or region. اسطوره‌ شناسى‌،
physiology
----- is the study of the various parts of living things. -
radioactive
If something is -----, then it lets out, or is related to, radiation. -
relativity
----- is a set of ideas about time and space developed by Albert Einstein. (فيزيك‌) نسبيت‌، نظريه‌ (ديدمان‌) نسبيت‌
sociology
----- is the study of human society, its organizations, and problems. جامعه‌ شناسى‌،
theoretical
If something is -----, it is based on theory rather than experience. تئوريك‌، نظرى،
administrator
An ----- is a person who controls a business, company, or organization. -
affluent
If someone is -----, they are wealthy. WEALTHY, rich, prosperous, well off, moneyed, well-to-do; propertied - متمكن‌، ثروتمند، داراى سطح‌ زندگى‌ بالا، مرفه‌
audit
To ----- means to inspect financial records from a person or business. حسابرسى‌، متوازن‌ سازى حساب‌ها، مميزى
automate
To ----- a company means to install machines or computers to do the work. خودكار كردن‌، اتوماتيك‌ كردن‌
bribe
To ----- someone means to illegally persuade them for a favor with money. رشوه‌ دادن‌
corrupt
If someone is -----, they break the law for money or fame. 1. dishonestly using your position or power to your own advantage, especially for money - (از نظر اخلاقى‌) فاسد، زشت‌، بدكار،
dispose
To----- of something means to get rid of it. (to kill) (از شر چيزى) خلاص‌ شدن‌،
headquarters
A----- is a building where the bosses of a company work. (به‌ ويژه‌ ارتش‌ و پليس‌) ستاد، مركز فرماندهى‌
incentive
An----- is what makes a person want to do something. INDUCEMENT, motivation, motive, reason, stimulus, stimulant - انگيزه‌، انگيزان‌، مشوق‌، محرك‌
infrastructure
An----- is a collection of services needed to run a society or business. ­زيربنا، فروساخت‌، پايساخت‌،
legislate
To----- means to make laws. قانونگذارى كردن‌، قانون‌ وضع‌ كردن‌
legitimate
If something is-----, then it is acceptable according to the law. قانونى‌، مشروع‌،
manipulate
To----- something means to skillfully or unfairly control or affect it. -
merchandise
----- is goods ready to be purchased or sold. كالا، مال‌ التجاره‌،
retail
----- is the activity of selling goods to the public, often for personal use. خرده‌فروشى‌ (در برابر:‏ عمده‌فروشى‌ e‏l‏a‏s‏e‏l‏o‏h‏w‏)، تك‌ فروشى‌،
revenue
----- is the income made by a company. درآمد، عايدى
rubbish
----- is trash or waste. آشغال‌، خاكروبه‌، زباله‌
subsidy
A----- is money given by the government to companies to assist them. يارانه‌
transaction
A----- is an act of buying or selling something. معامله‌، داد و ستد،
violate
To----- a law, rule, or agreement means to break it. تخطى‌ كردن‌، تجاوز كردن‌، (قانون‌ و غيره‌) شكستن‌،
assess
To ----- something means to judge the structure, purpose, or quality of it. ارزيابى‌ كردن‌،
astonish
To----- someone means to greatly surprise them. -
commence
To----- something means to begin it. -
essence
The----- of something is its important qualities or basic characteristics. جوهر، ذات‌، گوهر، ماهيت‌، چيستى‌،
extract
To----- something means to remove it. (با كوشش‌) بيرون‌ كشيدن‌،
fabulous
If something is-----, it is extremely good. شگفت‌انگيز، باور نكردنى‌، اعجاب‌آور، محيرالعقول‌
haste
----- is speed in movement or action. شتاب‌، تندى، سرعت‌
impulse
An----- is a sudden thoughtless urge to do something. -
latter
----- describes something last in a series or the second choice of two things. اخير، پسين‌، فرجامين‌،
molecule
A----- is the smallest basic unit that makes up a physical substance. -
ongoing
If something is-----, then it is still happening or still growing. .continuing to exist or develop, or happening at the present moment - ­پاينده‌، مداوم‌، در جريان‌، در پيشرفت‌،
pharmaceutical
If something is-----, then it is related to the development of drugs. -
precise
If someone is-----, then they are exact and careful about their work. دقيق‌، مو به‌ مو
proximity
----- is closeness in time, space, or relationships. ­نزديكى‌، مجاورت‌، جوار
publicity
----- is public attention given to someone or something by the media. شهرت‌، نامورى، شناسايى‌، زبانزدى
remedy
A----- is a cure for a disease, argument, or problem. درمان‌، علاج‌، مداوا - چاره‌، راه‌ حل‌، گزير،
significance
The----- of something is the quality that makes it important. -
subsequent
If something is-----, then it comes after something else in time. -
synthetic
If something is-----, then it is made to be like something natural. synthetic
terminal
If something is-----, then it causes or results in death. (به‌ ويژه‌ بيمارى) درمان‌ ناپذير، علاج‌ناپذير، مرگ‌ فرجام‌، كشنده‌،
altitude
The----- of a place is its height above sea level. ارتفاع از سطح دریا
coastline
A----- is the outline of a country’s coast. ­خط‌ ساحلى‌،
deter
To----- means to prevent or discourage someone from doing something. با ايجاد ترس‌ يا ترديد و غيره‌ بازدارى كردن‌، جلوگيرى كردن‌، منصرف‌ كردن‌
devise
To----- something means to have an idea or plan about it in the mind.(To find an original way to make an object or a plan.) تدبير، تعبيه‌ كردن‌، ابداع‌ كردن‌،
expertise
----- is the knowledge and skills to do something well. كاردانى‌، كارشناسى‌، خبرگى‌، مهارت‌،
fracture
A----- is a crack or break in something. شكست‌ (استخوان‌ و غيره‌)، شكستگى‌ - ترك‌، شكاف‌، (لوله‌ و غيره‌) تركيدگى‌
impair
To----- something means to damage it or make it worse. ­آسيب‌ رساندن‌، ناقص‌ كردن‌، معيوب‌ كردن‌،
implement
To----- something means to ensure that what has been planned is done. انجام‌ دادن‌، اجرا كردن‌،
indigenous
If something is-----, it is originally from, or native to, a place. -
insight
----- is a deep and accurate understanding of something. بينش‌، بصيرت‌،
limb
A----- is a large branch on a tree. -
migraine
A-----is a painful headache that makes one feel sick. -
optimism
----- is the feeling of being hopeful about the future or success of something. -
peculiar
When something is-----, it is strange, sometimes in a bad way. عجيب وغريب ( بد )
proficient
When a person is----- at something, they can do it well. متبحر، داراى تبحر، ورزيده‌، ماهر، حاذق‌
quest
A----- is a long and difficult search for something. جستجو
ridge
A----- is a long, narrow piece of raised land. (كوه‌ و غيره‌) ستيغ‌،
spouse
A----- is the person to whom someone is married. زن يا شوهر، شريك‌ زندگى‌
thrust
To----- means to push or move something quickly with a lot of force. چپاندن‌، تپاندن‌
tolerate
To----- something means to be able to accept it even when it is unpleasant. مدارا كردن‌، روادارى كردن‌، بردبارى كردن‌،
aquatic
If a plant or animal is -----, it lives or grows in water. (جانور يا گياه‌) آبزى
biosphere
The ----- is the earth’s surface and atmosphere where there are living things. -
bizarre
When something is -----, it is very strange. عجيب‌ و غريب‌، (از نظر رفتار يا شكل‌ و قيافه‌) شگفت‌آور
Celsius
----- is a scale for measuring temperature. -
coarse
If something is -----, that means it has a rough texture. 2. rude and offensive - زبر، زمخت‌، - بى‌ ادب‌، بى‌ نزاكت‌
companion
A ----- is a person that someone spends a lot of time with. مصاحب‌، يار، دوست‌، رفيق‌، هم‌زى، هم‌ صحبت‌،
digest
To ----- means to swallow food and pass it through the body. 2. transitive to read or hear new information and take the necessary time to understand it - هضم‌ شدن‌ يا كردن‌، گوارش کردن - فهمیدن
duration
The ----- of an event is the time during which it happens. -
ecology
----- is the study of the environment and living things. بوم‌ شناسى‌،
feat
A ----- is an impressive or difficult achievement or action. -
infinite
If something is -----, it has no limit or end. 2. the Infinite : God - بى‌كران‌، بى‌پايان‌، لايتناهى‌،
nucleus
The ----- is the central part of an atom or cell.
parasite
A ----- is a tiny animal or plant that attaches to another animal to get food. 2. disapproving a person who is lazy and lives by other people working, giving them money, etc - انگل‌ -
prominent
When something is -----, it is important and well known. چشمگير، برجسته‌، بارز، - خوشنام‌، نيكنام‌، بلند آوازه‌، مشهور، سرشناس‌ - بيرون‌ زده‌، برآمده‌، پيش‌ آمده‌، برقليده‌، ورقلمبيده‌
repetitive
When something is -----, it is repeated many times and becomes boring. -
reproductive
If something is -----, it has to do with a living thing producing young. مولد،تناسلى
temperate
When a place is -----, it never gets too hot or cold. 3. formal If someone's behaviour is temperate, it is calm and controlled (self-restrained) . آب‌ و هوا معتدل‌، - خويشتن‌دار
tolerance
----- is the ability to accept something painful or unpleasant. تاب‌، تحمل‌، طاقت‌، قدرت‌ تحمل‌،
undergo
To ----- an action means to have it happen to you. تن‌ در دادن‌
vulnerable
When someone is -----, they are weak and without protection. آسيب‌پذير: روحی، فیزیکی، احساسی
adept
If someone is ----- at something, they are very good at doing it. EXPERT, proficient, accomplished, skilful, talented, masterly - ماهر، زبردست‌، كاردان‌، چيره‌دست‌
barren
If land is -----, it has no plants growing on it. نازا،عقيم ،لم يزرع ،بى ثمر،بى حاصل
ceramic
If something is -----, it is made of baked clay. -
culinary
If something is -----, it is related to cooking. آشپزخانه‌اى، وابسته‌ به‌ آشپزخانه‌، وابسته‌ به‌ آشپزى
dense
If something is -----, it has a lot of things close together. انبوه‌، پرپشت‌، متراكم‌، چگال‌، (آبگونه‌ها) غليظ‌، مايه‌دار، همفشرده‌
dignity
----- is the ability to be calm and worthy of respect. والايى‌، بزرگى‌، بزرگ‌منشى‌،
dominate
To ----- someone or something is to control them. چيره‌ شدن‌ بر، تسلط‌ داشتن‌، غالب‌ شدن‌، حاكم‌ بودن‌ بر، زير سلطه‌ى خود درآوردن‌،
edible
If something is -----, you can eat it. خوردنى‌، قابل‌ خوردن‌، ماكول‌، خوراكى‌
hostile
If someone is -----, they are angry and unfriendly. غير دوستانه‌، خصمانه‌، دشمنانه‌، خصومت‌ آميز، كين‌ آميز، كين‌توز
intake
Your ----- of food is the amount of food you take into your body. -
likewise
If someone does something -----, they do the same thing as someone else. همينطور، همچنين‌
malnutrition
----- is the condition of not getting enough nutrients. ­سوء تغذيه‌، بدخورايى‌، بدخوراكى‌،
medication
----- is medicine or drugs given to people who are sick. دارو، دوا
misconception
A ----- is a wrong idea about something. -
obscure
If something is -----, it is not well-known. ناشناخته‌، ناشناس، گمنام‌ - مبهم‌، نا آشكار، نا هويدا، نا مفهوم‌،
oppress
To ----- someone means to rule over them in a cruel and unfair way; سركوب‌ كردن‌، ستمگرى كردن‌، ستم‌ كردن‌، ظلم‌ روا داشتن‌
peel
To ----- fruits and vegetables is to remove their skin. (به‌ ويژه‌ ميوه‌ و گياه‌) پوست‌ كندن‌
prescription
A ----- is permission from a doctor to get medicine. نسخه‌، داروى تجويز شده‌
respirator
A ----- is a machine that helps weak or sick people breathe. دستگاه‌ تنفس‌ مصنوعى‌،
strive
To ----- is to struggle to achieve something. تكاپو كردن‌، تلاش‌ كردن‌، جد و جهد كردن‌، (سخت‌) كوشيدن‌،
archaic
If something is -----, it is very old or outdated. باستانى‌، منسوخ‌، از مد افتاده‌، مهجور، مربوط‌ به‌ عهد دقيانوس‌،
benevolent
If someone is -----, they are kind and generous. ­نيكخواه‌، خيرخواه‌، خيرانديش‌، نوع‌ پرست‌، كريم‌، رئوف‌،
brass
----- is a metal that is used to make musical instruments and ornaments. فلز برنج‌،
capitalism
----- is an economic system where private companies make goods for profit. -
component
A ----- is a part of a larger machine. جز، بخش‌،
dependence
----- is a situation in which somebody relies on something else. وابستگى‌، بستگى‌، اتكا،
diminish
To ----- means to reduce or get smaller. كاستن‌، (اندازه‌ و رتبه‌ و اهميت‌ و غيره‌) كاهيدن‌، كم‌ شدن‌ يا كردن‌
drawback
A ----- is a disadvantage. نقطه‌ ضعف‌، عيب‌، ايراد، كاستى‌
fad
A ----- is something that is popular for a short time. رسم‌ زودگذر، مد زودگذر، مد روز، ناپا،
impose
To ----- means to interrupt or force your ideas on other people. تحميل‌ كردن‌، سربار شدن‌، به‌ گردن‌ كسى‌ گذاشتن‌،
managerial
----- describes something related to a manager or management. -
medieval
If something is -----, it comes from the period between 650 and 1500 CE. related to the Middle Ages
obsolete
If something is -----, it is not used anymore because something better exists. از مد افتادن‌، كهنه‌، ديروزين‌، غيررايج‌، منسوخ‌،
peninsula
A ----- is a large piece of land that is surrounded by the sea on three sides. ­شبه‌ جزيره
prestige
If a person has -----, people admire or respect them. -
proportion
A ----- is an amount that shows the link between the parts and the whole. portion
radical
If something is -----, it is very new or different. -
refute
To ----- something means to prove that it is false or incorrect. استدلال‌ كسى‌ را رد كردن‌، (خلاف‌ چيزى را) اثبات‌ كردن‌
spectacular
If something is -----, it looks or sounds very impressive. -
weave
To ----- means to make cloth using horizontal and vertical threads. بافتن‌، نساجى‌ كردن‌، جولايى‌ كردن‌
accountant
An ----- is a person whose job is to keep financial accounts. حسابدار
capitalist
A ----- is a business person who invests in trade and industry for profit. -
contempt
----- is the feeling of having no respect for something. تحقير،
dedicate
To ----- oneself to something means to put a lot of time and effort into it. وقف‌ كردن‌، اختصاص‌ دادن‌، ايثار كردن‌، فدا كردن‌
ditch
A ----- is a narrow hole cut into the ground by a road or a field. جوى يا گودال‌ دراز كندگى‌، جوى،
enterprise
An ----- is a company or business. شركت‌، بنگاه‌، موسسه‌ى بازرگانى‌
exquisite
When something is -----, it is very beautiful or pleasant. ظريف‌، نفيس‌،
finance
To ----- someone or something means to provide money for them. تهيه‌ كردن‌ سرمايه‌، منابع‌ مالى‌ شخص‌ يا سازمان‌ يا كشور
indifferent
When someone is ----- toward something, they have a lack of interest in it. بى‌اعتنا ،بى تفاوت
irrigate
To ----- means to supply water to land so that crops can grow. آبيارى كردن‌،
maximize
To ----- something is to make it as great in amount, size, or importance. -
monetary
When something is -----, it relates to money. -
precaution
A ----- is an action that is meant to stop something bad from happening. پيشگيرى، ­اقدام‌ احتياطى‌، عامل‌ احتياطى
preliminary
----- describes something that happens before a more important event. مقدماتى
saturate
To ----- something means to completely soak it with a liquid. خيس‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌ - اشباع‌ كردن‌، مالامال‌ كردن‌، سرشار كردن‌،
simplicity
The ----- of something is the fact that it is easy to do or understand. -
sow
To ----- seeds means to plant them in the ground. بذر افشاندن‌، بذر افشانى‌ كردن‌، تخم‌ پاشيدن‌، كاشتن‌ - ( تنفر و غيره )پراكندن‌،
soy
----- is a food made from soybeans, such as flour or butter. گياه‌ سويا يا دانه‌ى آن‌
spade
A ----- is a tool used for digging. بيل‌
upcoming
When something is -----, that means it will happen in the near future. آتى‌،
acute
When a bad thing is -----, it is very severe and intense. شديد، تند، حاد
aggression
----- is behavior that is mean or violent to others. تجاوز، حمله‌ (بدون‌ مجوز و برخلاف‌ تعهدات‌)، برتاخت‌، برتازش‌، يورش - (روان‌ شناسى‌) پرخاشگرى،
banquet
A ----- is a grand formal dinner. سور، ضيافت
biography
A ----- is an account of someone’s life that is written by someone else. -
boost
To ----- something means to increase or improve it. ترقى‌ دادن‌، فزونى‌ بخشيدن‌، برافزودن‌، زياد كردن‌
clap
To ----- means to hit one’s hands together to express pleasure or get attention. دو دست‌ را به‌ هم‌ زدن‌، دست‌ زدن‌، كف‌ زدن‌،
compel
To ----- someone to do something means to force them to do it. مجبور كردن‌، وادار كردن‌، ناچار كردن‌، ناگزير كردن‌
dominance
The ----- of a person is their state of being more powerful than others. ­چيرگى‌، تسلط‌، غلبه‌،
gorgeous
When something is -----, it is very pleasing and attractive. عالى‌، پرجلال‌ و جبروت‌، پرطنطنه‌، مجلل‌
inevitable
When something is -----, it is certain to happen or cannot be avoided. گريز ناپذير، بى‌گريز، اجتناب‌ ناپذير
legacy
A ----- is an effect that exists because of a person or thing in the past. بازمانده‌، يادبود - ارث‌، مرده‌ ريگ‌، ميراث‌، تركه‌، ماترك‌، ارثيه‌
masterpiece
A ----- is a very good painting, novel, movie, or other work of art. -
multiple
If there are ----- things, there are many of them. چندگانه‌، متعدد، چندتايى‌،
narrate
To ----- a story means to write about it or read it aloud. -
notorious
When something is -----, it is well-known because of something bad. رسوا، انگشت‌نما، بدنام‌، بى‌ آبرو، كياده‌
outdated
When something is -----, it is old and no longer useful in modern time. -
overall
When a thing is talked about -----, the whole thing is considered. به‌ طور كلى‌، كلا، روى هم‌ رفته‌
partiality
A ----- is a tendency to prefer one thing to another. سوگيرى، غرض‌ورزى، تبعيض‌، جانبدارى، طرفدارى
spontaneous
When an act is -----, it is not planned. It happens suddenly. خود به خودى ،خود بخود،خود انگيز،بى اختيار،فورى
virtue
A ----- is a good quality or way of behaving. حسن‌، خوبى‌، فضيلت‌،
anthropology
----- is the study of people, society, and culture. ­مردم‌ شناسى‌
applaud
To ----- means to clap in order to show approval. (با كف‌ زدن‌ يا هلهله‌) تشويق‌ و تحسين‌ كردن‌،
appoint
To ----- someone to a job means to give the job to them. منصوب‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌، گماشتن‌ - وعده‌ كردن‌
compatible
When things are -----, they work well or exist together successfully. جور، سازگار، همساز،
competence
----- is the ability to do something well or effectively. لياقت‌، كارايى‌، مهارت‌، تبحر، كاردانى‌، شايستگى‌
confer
To ----- with someone means to discuss something with them to make a decision. تبادل‌ نظر كردن‌، رايزنى‌ كردن‌، مشورت‌ كردن‌، - ،اعطاء کردن مقام، افتخار یا مزیت
consecutive
When things are -----, they happen one after another without interruption. پى‌ در پى‌، بى‌ وقفه‌، يكسره‌، متوالى‌، پشت‌ سر هم‌
crude
When something is -----, it is not exact or detailed, but it can still be useful. خالى‌ از ظرافت‌،
cube
A ----- is a solid object with six square surfaces that are all the same size. -
feedback
----- is comments to a person about how they are doing something. -
ignorance
----- of something is lack of knowledge about it. نادانى‌، جهل‌، جهالت‌، بى‌دانشى‌، بى‌معرفتى‌،
masculine
When something is -----, it is a quality or thing related to men. وابسته‌ به‌ مردان‌ و پسران‌، مردانه‌، پسرانه‌،
monument
A ----- is a structure that is built to remind people of a person or event. بناى يادبود،
muscular
When someone is -----, they are very fit and strong. عضلانى‌، زورمند، قوى، نيرومند
posture
A person’s ----- is the position in which they stand or sit. طرز قرار گيرى بدن‌ هنگام‌ نشستن‌ يا ايستادن‌، وضع‌ فكرى- طرز تفكر، نگرش‌، گرايش‌
situate
To ----- something means to place or build it in a certain place. قرار دادن‌، گذاردن‌، جا تعيين‌ كردن‌
supervise
To ----- something means to make sure that it is done correctly. ­سرپرستى‌ كردن‌، نظارت‌ كردن‌، مباشرت‌ كردن‌، اداره‌ كردن‌
symmetry
----- is the state of having two halves that are exactly the same. تقارن
tattoo
A ----- is a design that is drawn permanently on the skin with needles. -
undergraduate
An ----- is a student at a college who is studying for a bachelor’s degree. دانشجوى دانشگاه‌ دوره‌ى ليسانس‌
brook
A ----- is a small stream. ­نهر (كوچكتر از رود و بزرگتر از جوى)، جويبار،
cater
To ----- to someone means to provide them with all the things needed or wanted. (cater for somebody ▪ cater to somebody) نياز ديگران‌ را برآوردن
considerate
When someone is -----, they pay attention to the needs of others. با ملاحظه‌، دلسوز،
consumption
The ----- of food or drink is the act of eating or drinking it. مصرف‌،
criteria
----- are factors on which a person judges or decides something. ­ملاك‌، پيمانه‌، معيار
crust
----- is the tough outer part of a loaf of bread. -
degrade
To ----- someone means to cause people to have shame. بى‌آبرو كردن‌، خوار و خفيف‌ كردن‌، دون‌ كردن‌
entitle
To ----- someone means to give them the rights to have or do something. حق‌ دادن‌ به‌، محق‌ كردن‌، (قانونا) اجازه‌ دادن‌، مشمول‌ كردن‌ - نام‌ گذاردن‌، داراى عنوان‌ كردن‌،
escort
To ----- people means to safely accompany them to a place. -
external
When something is -----, it is connected to an outer part. -
facility
A ----- is a building that exists for a particular purpose. -
faculty
A ----- is a mental or physical ability. استعداد، حس‌، قوه‌، توانايى‌، - هيئت‌ علمى‌،
heap
A ----- of things is a large pile of them. كپه‌، توده‌، كوت‌، تلنبار، انباشته‌، كومه‌، پشته‌
hemisphere
A ----- is one half of the earth. نيمكره‌،
hound
A ----- is a type of dog that is often used for racing or hunting. -
impersonal
If something is -----, it is not friendly and makes people feel unimportant. (عارى از احساسات‌ و عواطف‌ انسانى‌) سرد، بى‌عاطفه‌، بى‌احساسات‌، غيرانسانى‌
ornament
An ----- is an attractive object that people display in their homes. -
pedestrian
A ----- is a person who is walking on a street. عابر پياده‌،
sanctuary
A ----- is a place where people in danger can go to be safe. ايمنگاه‌، پناهگاه‌، - منطقه‌ حفاظت‌ شده‌ برای حیوانات
spectator
A ----- is someone who watches something, especially a sports event. ­تماشاگر، تماشاچى‌،
asset
An ----- is a skill or quality that is useful or valuable. صفت‌ برجسته‌، امتياز، ويژگى‌ مثبت‌، محسنه‌ - اموال‌ (شركت‌ يا شخص‌ ورشكسته‌)، تركه‌، ماترك‌، اموال‌ موقوفه‌
aspect
An ----- is one part or feature of something. جنبه‌، ظاهر، نمود
Braille
----- is a system of raised patterns on paper that allows the blind to read. -
bud
A ----- is a part of a plant that turns into a flower or a leaf. جوانه‌، تكمه‌، بوژنه‌، شكوفه‌، غنچه‌،
coordinate
To ----- things is to make different parts work together. همارا كردن‌ يا شدن‌، هماهنگ‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌،
disprove
To ----- something means to show that it is not true. -
humanitarian
If something is -----, it is connected to helping people’s lives. انسان‌ دوستانه‌، نوع‌ دوستانه‌
hypothesis
A ----- is an idea for something that has not been proved yet. فرضيه‌، پى‌نهشت‌، برانگاشت‌، نهشته‌، گمانه‌، فرض‌
imprint
An ----- is an effect or lesson from an experience that is hard to forget. -
informative
When something is -----, it provides a lot of information. آموزنده‌
optic
When something is -----, it relates to the eyes or light. -
premise
A ----- is an idea on which something is based. صغرى يا كبرى (به‌ صغرى مى‌گويند e‏s‏i‏m‏e‏r‏p‏ r‏o‏n‏i‏m‏ و به‌ كبرى مى‌گويند e‏s‏i‏m‏e‏r‏p‏ r‏o‏j‏a‏m‏) این ترجمه مال آریانپوره بخدا :)))))
rack
A ----- is an object with shelves that holds things. طاقچه‌، رف‌، رفه‌
Renaissance
The ----- was a period between the 14th and 17th centuries. رنسانس‌،
revere
To ----- something is to admire it greatly. ­تكريم‌ كردن‌، حرمت‌ گذاشتن‌، مورد تكريم‌ قرار دادن‌،
simultaneous
When something is -----, it occurs at the same time as something else. ­همزمان‌، مقارن‌، توام‌
skeptic
A ----- is a person who does not believe something. -
spatial
When something is -----, it relates to the position and size of things. -
specify
To ----- is to describe something clearly. مشخص‌ كردن‌، نشان‌ دادن‌
wax
----- is a substance that is slightly shiny and melts when heated. موم‌
accessory
An ----- is a thing that is added to another thing to make it look better. لوازم جانبی - شریک جرم
acquisition
An ----- is something that a person buys or gets in some way. -
adequate
When something is -----, it is good enough for something else. كافى‌، بسنده‌، به‌ اندازه‌ى لازم‌
cardboard
----- is a material made out of stiff paper. It is often used to make boxes. مقوا، مقوايى، كم‌ دوام‌، بد ساخت‌، سطحى‌ و مبتذل‌، پوشالی
dilemma
A ----- is a difficult situation in which a choice has to be made. تنگنا، مخمصه‌، معضل‌، وضع‌ دشوار، دو راهى‌ خطرناك‌، مخطور
elaborate
When something is -----, it contains a lot of details. پر جزئيات‌، پيچيده‌، تودرتو، بغرنج‌ - (معمولا با:‏ n‏o‏ يا n‏o‏p‏u‏) به‌ طور مبسوط‌ شرح‌ دادن‌، وارد جزئيات‌ شدن‌، مفصل‌ گفتن‌
facilitate
To ----- something is to make it easier. -
fleet
A ----- is a group of ships. ناوگان‌
grid
A ----- is a pattern of squares with numbers and letters to find places on a map. -
import
To ----- means to bring in a product from another country. وارد كردن‌ (كالا و غيره‌)
infer
To ----- something is to decide it is true based on other information one has. نتيجه‌گيرى كردن‌، برداشت‌ كردن‌، پى‌ بردن‌، استنباط‌ كردن‌
inflate
To ----- something means to fill it up with air. از هوا يا گاز و غيره پر كردن‌، باد كردن‌، آماهيدن‌، پف‌ كردن‌ - (بيش‌ از حد معمول‌) افزودن‌، بالا بردن‌
innate
When something is -----, it is something that one is born with, it is not learned. مادرزاد(ى)، درون‌ زاد، ذاتى‌، فطرى، غير اكتسابى‌، جبلى‌، سرشتى‌
marble
----- is a type of rock that feels cold and is smooth when cut. مرمر
mast
A ----- is a long pole on a ship that holds the sail. دكل‌
nausea
----- is the feeling of being sick to your stomach. حالت‌ تهوع‌ و استفراغ‌،
naval
When something is -----, it relates to a country’s navy or military ships. -
pouch
A ----- is a small, flexible bag that is usually made of cloth. -
saturated
If something is -----, it is completely wet. -
update
An ----- is an act of making something more modern. -
addict
An ----- is a person who cannot stop doing or having something. معتاد، خو گرفته‌
archeological
When something is -----, it relates to archeology. -
archeology
----- is the study of ancient people through their artifacts. باستان‌شناسى
brainstorm
To ----- is to have a lot of ideas about a certain topic. -
budget
A ------ is the amount of money available to spend on something. 2. Verb: to plan how much money you will spend on something -
chaotic
When something is ------, it is crazy, confused, and hectic. -
cite
1. formal to mention something as proof for a theory or as a reason why something has happened 2. formal to speak or write words taken from a particular writer or written work استناد كردن‌ به‌، - (مطالب‌ كتبى‌ يا شفاهى‌ را) نقل‌قول‌ كردن‌،
correspond
1. to match or be similar or equal 2. to communicate by writing a letter or sending an email همخوان‌ بودن‌، همخوانى‌ داشتن‌، مطابق‌ بودن‌ با، مطابقت‌ داشتن‌(با To یا With) - مكاتبه‌ كردن‌، نامه‌ رد و بدل‌ كردن‌، نامه‌ نويسى‌ كردن‌
courtyard
A ------ is an outdoor area that is surrounded by the walls of a building. ­حياط‌، چهارديوارى، درون‌ سرا، اندرونى‌
estate
An ------ is a large area of land owned by a family or organization. -
fraud
------ is the crime of gaining money by lying or by tricking people. كلاهبردارى،
hydrogen
------ is a gas that has no taste, color, or smell. -
integrity
------ is honesty and good morals. -
knit
To ------ is to make fabric by connecting strings together. 3. to join together بافتن‌، كشبافى‌ كردن‌، بافندگى‌ كردن‌ - همبسته‌ كردن‌، متحد كردن‌، هم‌پيوند كردن‌،
outlook
2. countable usually singular a person's way of understanding and thinking about something 1. only singular the likely future situation 3. countable usually singular formal a view ديدگاه‌، نقطه‌ نظر، نگرش‌ - آتيه‌، آينده‌، احتمال‌ در آينده‌ - چشم‌انداز، منظره‌
parachute
A ------ is a device that helps people and things fall to the ground safely. چتر نجات‌،
prehistoric
When something is ------, it is from a time when there was no written history. ­وابسته‌ به‌ ما قبل‌ تاريخ‌، پيش‌ تاريخى‌
proponent
A ------ is a person who supports an idea or a plan. مبلغ‌، حامى‌ - of
refine
1. to make something pure or improve something, especially by removing unwanted material 2. to improve an idea, method, system, etc. by making small changes تصفيه‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌، پالودن‌، پالايش‌ كردن‌، - بهبود بخشيدن‌، بسامان‌ كردن‌، اصلاح‌ كردن‌،
restrict
To ------ is to limit something and prevent it from getting bigger. محدود كردن‌،
attorney
An ------ is one who gives others advice about the law. LAWYER, legal practitioner, legal executive, legal representative ­وكيل‌ دادگسترى، وكيل‌، وكيل‌ دعاوى،
chronic
When something is ------, it happens over and over again over time. مزمن‌، ديرين‌، - هميشگى‌، دايم‌
discipline
------ is training that helps people follow the rules. انضباط‌، نظم‌ و ترتيب‌،
donor
A ------ is somebody who gives something to an organization. GIVER, contributor, benefactor -
fellow
describes someone who has the same job or interests as you, or is in the same situation as you همتا،
gossip
------ is information that might be untrue but is still discussed anyway. TITTLE-TATTLE, tattle, rumour(s), whispers, -
graduate
To ------ from a school means to complete and pass all courses of study there. -
graffiti
------ is words or drawings in public places. -
guardian
A ------ is someone who protects somebody or something. 1. a person who has the legal right and responsibility of taking care of someone who cannot take care of themselves, such as a child whose parents have died نگهبان - سرپرست‌، قيم‌،
implicate
to show that someone is involved in a crime or partly responsible for something bad that has happened شريك‌ جرم‌ دانستن‌،
kin
------ is a person’s family and relatives. 2. next of kin: your closest relation or relations خويشاوند، هم‌خانواده‌، قوم‌ و خويش‌،
referee
A ------ is a person who makes sure that the rules are followed in sports. داور - داورى كردن‌
sever
1. to break or separate, especially by cutting 2. to end a connection with someone or something قطع‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌، بريدن‌، پاره‌ كردن‌ يا شدن‌، گسستن‌
shaft
A ------ is a handle of a tool or weapon. -
stab
To ------ means to cut someone or something with a sharp object like a knife. چاقو زدن‌، دشنه‌ فروكردن‌،
stimulus
A ------ is something that causes growth or activity. انگيزه‌، محرك‌، مشوق‌،
suspicion
A ------ is a feeling that something is possible or true in a crime. سوظن‌، بدگمانى‌، شك‌
terminate
1. to (cause something to) end or stop 2. specialized to end a pregnancy intentionally, usually by a medical operation پايان‌ دادن‌ يا يافتن‌، خاتمه‌ دادن‌ يا يافتن‌، فرجاميدن‌، متوقف‌ كردن‌
theme
A ------ is the main subject of a book, movie, or painting. -
tuition
------ is the amount of money paid to go to a school. شهريه‌
aggressive
If someone is ------, then they constantly want to fight. پرخاشگر،
amnesty
------ is a pardon given to prisoners of war. عفو عمومى‌
arena
An ------ is a building where people can watch sports and concerts. استاديوم‌،
auditorium
An ------ is a large building used for public events. تالار سخنرانى‌،
captive
A ------ is a prisoner. 2. hold/take sb captive: to keep someone as a prisoner or make someone a prisoner اسير (به‌ ويژه‌ اسير جنگ‌)، در بند، گرفتار، زندانى‌، محبوس‌،
combat
------ is fighting between two people or groups. نبرد، رزم‌،
commonplace
a boring remark which is used very often and does not have much meaning پيش‌ پا افتاده‌، عادى، معمولى‌،
compound
4. an area surrounded by fences or walls which contains a group of buildings -
corps
A ------ is a division of a military force. 2. a group of people who are connected because they are involved in a particular activity گروه‌، دسته‌ نظامی
distract
To ------ someone means to stop them from concentrating on something. حواس‌ (كسى‌ را) پرت‌ كردن‌، توجه‌ كسى‌ را منحرف‌ كردن‌،
dumb
If someone is ------, they are unable to speak. لال‌، گنگ‌
foe
A ------ is an enemy or opponent. ­دشمن‌، عدو، خصم‌، معاند
hack
to cut into pieces in a rough and violent way, often without aiming exactly -
meditate
To ------ means to focus or think deeply in silence. در انديشه‌ فرو رفتن‌، تعمق‌ كردن‌، ژرف‌ انديشى‌ كردن‌،
nick
To ------ someone means to cut them slightly with a sharp object. چاک دادن ،شکاف دادن
provoke
To ------ someone means to annoy them on purpose to cause violence. 1. <A > to cause a reaction, especially a negative one خشمگين‌ كردن‌، عصبانى‌ كردن‌ - تحريك‌ كردن‌ منفی
realm
A ------ is any area of activity or interest. 2. formal a country ruled by a king or queen حيطه‌، حوزه‌،
reign
A ------ is the period of time in which a ruler rules. 2. to be the king or queen of a country دوران‌ پادشاهى‌، دوران‌ سلطنت‌ - سلطنت‌ كردن‌، پادشاهى‌ كردن‌
rust
------ is a red and brown coating on iron objects caused by water and air. زنگار - زنگار گرفتن‌
sacred
If something is ------, then it is worshipped and respected. مقدس‌،
accordingly
If someone acts ------, they act in a way that is suitable. بنابراين‌، از اين‌ رو، طبيعتا، در نتيجه‌
anchor
An ------ is a heavy object dropped from a boat to make it stay in one place. 2. someone or something that gives support when needed 3. Verb: intransitive or transitive to lower an anchor into the water in order to stop a boat from moving away لنگر - حامی - لنگر انداختن
buoy
A ------ is a floating sign that warns boats of dangerous areas. -
catastrophe
A ------ is an unexpected event that causes great suffering or damage. DISASTER, calamity, cataclysm -
context
------ is the situations that form the background of an event. -
designate
To ------ someone or something means to give them a particular description. انتخاب کردن ،نامزد کردن ،گماشتن ،معين کردن ،تخصيص دادن ،برگزيدن
distort
1. ~ sth to change the shape, appearance or sound of sth so that it is strange or not clear 2. ~ sth to twist or change facts, ideas, etc. so that they are no longer correct or true از ريخت‌ انداختن‌، كج‌ و كوله‌ كردن‌ - تحريف‌ كردن‌،
dock
A ------ is an enclosed area where ships go to be loaded, unloaded, and repaired. اسكله‌،
fore
The ------ of something is the front part of it. -
frequent
If something is ------, then it happens or is done often. مكرر، پى‌ در پى‌،
genuine
When something is ------, it is true or real. 2. <I > If people or emotions are genuine, they are honest and sincere اصيل‌، پاك‌نژاد، واقعى‌ (در مقابل‌ جعلى‌ يا قلابى‌)،
grease
------ is an oily substance put on moving parts, so they work smoothly. گريس‌
intricate
When something is ------, it has many small parts or details. بغرنج‌ (به‌ خاطر داشتن‌ روابط‌ يا جزئيات‌ ظريف‌ و درهم‌ پيچيده‌)، پيچيده‌، تو در تو، درهم‌ بافته‌،
offset
1. to balance one influence against an opposing influence, so that there is no great difference as a result -
overlap
To ------ something means to cover a piece of it. -
precipitate
To ------ an event means to cause it to happen sooner than normal. چيز ناخوشايند را تسريع‌ كردن‌، جلو انداختن‌،
secondhand
When something is ------, it has been owned by someone else. -
slot
1. a long narrow hole, especially one for putting coins into or for fitting a separate piece into 2. an amount of time which is officially allowed for a single event in a planned order of activities or events -
submerge
To ------ something means to put it below the surface of a liquid. فروبردن‌، زير آب‌ كردن
tactic
A ------ is a careful plan to achieve something. -
aggregate
When a number is ------, it is made up of smaller amounts added together. 2 Adjective: total 3. Verb: to combine into a single group or total مجموع‌، - جمعا، - ،متراکم ساختن ،جمع کردن ،جمع شدن ،توده کردن
antibiotic
An ------ is a medical drug used to kill bacteria and treat infections. -
circuit
A ------ is a piece of an electronic device that allows electricity to flow. مدار جريان ،اتصال الکتريکى
complement
To ------ something or someone is to make them better. مكمل‌ بودن‌، كامل‌ كردن‌، كمال‌ بخشيدن‌، تكميل‌ كردن‌،
compress
To ------ something means to press or squeeze it so that it takes up less space. -
database
A ------ is a collection of data that is stored in a computer. -
equivalent
An ------ is an amount or value that is the same as another amount or value. هم‌ ارز، هم‌ سنگ‌،
immune
When someone is ------ to a disease, they cannot be affected by it. ايمن‌، مصون‌
input
------ is information that is put into a computer. -
intimate
1. <A > having, or being likely to cause, a very close friendship or personal or sexual relationship 2. expert, detailed and obtained from a lot of studying or experience 3. Noun: a close friend 4. Verb: to make clear what you think or want without stating it directly صميمى‌، جان‌ جانى‌ - (دانش‌) ژرف‌، - دوست‌ صميمى‌، - مطلبى را رساندن
magnet
A ------ is a piece of iron or other material which attracts iron toward it. -
metabolism
A person’s ------ is the way chemical processes in their body use energy. -
microchip
A ------ is a small device inside a computer that holds information. -
phase
A ------ is a stage in a process or the gradual development of something. مرحله‌، دوره‌،
pinch
To ------ means to take a piece of skin between one’s fingers and squeeze. نيشگون‌ گرفتن‌،
prevalent
When something is ------, it is common. WIDESPREAD, prevailing, frequent, usual, common,rife
quantum
When something is ------, it relates to the behavior of atomic particles. -
ratio
A ------ is a relationship between two things expressed in numbers or amounts. نسبت‌،
spiral
A ------ is a shape which winds round and round in a larger and larger circle. مارپيچ‌، حلزونى‌،
viral
When something is ------, it is a disease or infection that is caused by a virus. ­ويروسى‌، ويشى‌
astounded
If you are ------, you are very surprised. -
attribute
An ------ is a characteristic of a person or thing. 2. attribute sth to sb phrasal verb: to think that someone or something has a particular quality or feature خصوصيت‌، ويژگى‌، خصلت‌ - وابسته‌ دانستن‌، نسبت‌ دادن‌،
bilingual
If someone is ------, then they can speak two languages. -
clone
A ------ is an identical copy of a living creature. -
colloquial
------ describes informal words that are more suitable for speech than writing. محاوره‌اى، گفتارى
cosmetics
------ are substances that make the face and skin more beautiful. 2. Adjective: disapproving describes changes, etc. that are intended to make you believe that something is better when, in reality, the problem has not been solved; وابسته‌ به‌ لوازم‌ آرايش‌، - ظاهرى، سطحى‌،
dash
To ------ means to run or move quickly. -
disgust
------ is a feeling of distaste and anger caused by something rude or unpleasant. انزجار، بيزارى، تنفر،
fluorescent
If something is ------, it is such a bright color that it seems to give off light. -
furious
If you are ------, you are extremely angry. خشمگين‌، برآشفته‌
gulf
A ------ is a gap between people who do not understand each other. مغاك‌، ورطه
humanities
3. (the) ------: plural the study of subjects such as literature, language, history and philosophy -
knot
A ------ is made when you tie the ends of rope or cord together. گره‌ - گره‌ زدن‌،
linguist
A ------ is someone who studies languages. زبان‌شناس
participant
A ------ is someone who joins in a social event or competition. ­شركت‌ كننده‌،
plausible
1. seeming likely to be true, or able to be believed 2. disapproving describes someone who appears to be honest and telling the truth, even if they are not -
ritual
A ------ is a formal custom that people do regularly. CEREMONY, rite, ceremonial - CEREMONIAL, ritualistic, prescribed, traditional
sibling
A ------ is a brother or sister. -
skinny
If someone is ------, they are extremely thin. -
vague
If something is ------, it is not clear, and it gives very few details. مبهم‌، نامشخص‌، گنگ‌، سربسته‌،
acid
An ------ is a chemical that can burn or dissolve other substances. -
administration
1. <I > uncountable (informal admin) the arrangements and tasks needed to control the operation of a plan or organization مديريت
administrative
------ describes anything related to managing a company or organization. MANAGERIAL, management, directorial, executive
biotechnology
------ is the use of living parts, such as cells, in industry and technology. -
cholesterol
------ is a substance in fat, tissues, and blood of all animals. -
coalition
A ------ is a group of people or organizations working for a common purpose. ائتلاف‌
deceptive
When something is ------, it encourages one to believe something that is false. ­نيرنگ‌آميز، فريب‌ آميز، فريبنده‌، گول‌ زننده‌،
diabetes
------ is a medical condition where a person has too much sugar in their blood. -
eliminate
To ------ something that is unwanted means to completely remove it. حذف‌ كردن‌، از قلم‌ انداختن‌، به‌ حساب‌ نياوردن‌،
erosion
------ is the destruction of rock or soil due to flowing water or weather. فرسايش‌ (به‌ ويژه‌ در مورد از بين‌ رفتن‌ خاك‌ در اثر آب‌ يا باد)
ethics
------ are moral beliefs or rules about right or wrong. اصول اخلاقى ،علم اخلاق
explicit
1. clear and exact 2. showing or talking about sex or violence in a very detailed way روشن‌، صريح‌، عيان‌، آشكار، بى‌ پرده‌
framework
A ------ is a set of rules or ideas that people use to solve problems. -
manufacture
To ------ something means to make it in a factory. ساختن‌ (با دست‌ يا ماشين‌ و به‌ مقدار زياد)، فرآورى، فرورد، توليد، ساخت‌،
mechanism
A ------ is a part of a machine that performs a certain function. MACHINE PART / SYSTEM / BEHAVIOUR
minimize
To ------ means to reduce something to the lowest possible level. -
nectar
------ is a sweet liquid produced by flowers that bees and other insects collect. -
notion
A ------ is an idea or belief about something; A fanciful impulse. (a) belief or idea
prone
When things are ------ to some bad thing, they are likely affected by it. be prone to sth/do sth متمايل‌ (با:‏ o‏t‏) مستعد،
straightforward
When something is ------, it is good because it is easy to understand. سرراست‌، صاف‌ و پوست‌ كنده‌
astronomical
If something is ------, then it is extremely large. 2. before noun connected with astronomy بسيار عظيم‌، بسيار زياد، معتنابه‌ (c‏i‏m‏o‏n‏o‏r‏t‏s‏a‏ هم‌ مى‌گويند)
atom
An ------ is the smallest unit of a substance. -
breadth
------ is the distance from one side to the other side of something. 2. only singular when something includes many different things, features, subjects or qualities: the breadth of his knowledge surprised everybody پهنا، عرض‌، فراخى‌ - گسترش‌، پهنه‌، وسعت
circumference
A ------ is the distance completely around a circular object. ­پيرامون‌، محيط‌، دور، طول‌ دور هر چيز
comet
A ------ is an object in space made of ice and rock with a tail of glowing dust. ستاره‌ى دنباله‌دار،
crater
A ------ is a large hole in a planet’s or moon’s surface. دهانه‌ى آتشفشان‌،
crescent
A ------ is the curved shape lit on the moon’s face during its early and late stages. هلال‌ ماه‌، داس‌ ماه‌، مهداس
debris
------ is the small pieces scattered from something wrecked or destroyed. آنچه‌ كه‌ پس‌ از خرابى‌ ساختمان‌ باقى‌ مى‌ماند، آوار
despair
------ is the complete loss of hope. نوميدى، نااميدى، ياس‌، سرخوردگى‌، دلسردى
embed
to fix something firmly into a substance. IMPLANT, plant, set, fix, lodge, root, insert -
fragment
A ------ is a small part of something. تكه‌ يا جزئى‌ كه‌ از چيزى كنده‌ يا جدا كرده‌ باشند
galaxy
A ------ is any extremely large collection of star systems. -
gigantic
If something is ------, then it is extremely large. -
gloom
------ is a state of being almost completely dark. 1. feelings of great unhappiness and loss of hope تيرگى‌، كم‌ نورى، - افسرده‌ بودن‌، ملول‌ بودن‌، دلخور بودن‌،
radiate
To ------ means to send out energy or heat. 2. EXPRESS: intransitive or transitive to show an emotion or quality, or (of an emotion or quality) to be shown or felt 3. SPREAD intransitive + adverb or preposition to spread out in all directions from a central point تابيدن ،پرتو افکندن
roam
To ------ means to move around without a plan or purpose. ول‌ گشتن‌، (بى‌ هدف‌) گشتن‌، پلكيدن‌، پرسه‌زدن‌،
solitary
If something is ------, then it is lonely or the only one. تك‌، تنها، يكه‌ و تنها
spectrum
The ------ is the full range of color ranging from red to violet. 2. <A > a range of opinions, feelings, etc. political spectrum / social spectrum / spectrum of opinion
sphere
A ------ is a three-dimensional round shape, like a ball. هر چيز كروى:‏ گوى، گردله‌،
status
OFFICIAL POSITION: 1. <I > an accepted or official position, especially in a social group RESPECT: 2. the amount of respect, admiration or importance given to a person, organization or object •مقام‌، مرتبه‌، شان‌، رتبه‌،
bankrupt
If someone is ------, then they are unable to pay their debts. ورشكسته
conform
to behave according to the usual standards of behaviour which are expected by a group or society پيروى كردن‌ از، مطابقت‌ داشتن‌ با، همانند شدن‌ يا كردن‌، همسان‌ شدن‌ يا كردن‌،
employ
To ------ someone means to give work to them. 2. USE: transitive formal to use something 2. transitive formal to use something به‌ كار گماردن‌، كار دادن‌ به‌، استخدام‌ كردن‌ - به‌ كار بردن‌، به‌ كار گرفتن‌، استعمال‌ كردن‌، استفاده‌ كردن‌ از
expel
To ------ someone means to force them to leave a place. بيرون‌ كردن‌، اخراج‌ كردن‌، برون‌ راندن‌،
extension
An ------ is a part added to something to give it more time or space. -
forthcoming
SOON 1. <A > before noun happening soon. 2. WILLING: friendly and helpful, willing to give information or to talk. SUPPLIED: 3. after verb produced, supplied, given -
furnish
To ------ means to put furniture in a house or room. -
hygiene
------ is the conditions or methods needed for health and cleanliness. بهداشت‌، پاكيزگى‌، نظافت‌
hygienic
If something is ------, then it is clean and unlikely to cause disease. بهداشتى‌، تميز، پاكيزه‌
landlord
A ------ is a man who rents property to a person. صاحبخانه‌، موجر، ارباب‌، زمين‌دار، مالك‌، ملاك‌،
lease
To ------ means to rent property, usually an apartment or land. كرايه‌ كردن‌ يا دادن‌، اجاره‌ كردن‌ يا دادن‌ - (خانه‌ و غيره‌) اجاره‌، كرايه‌،
mandatory
If something is ------, then it is required by law. ،اجبارى به لحاظ قانونی،
mend
To ------ something means to fix it when it is broken or damaged. تعمير كردن‌، درست‌ كردن‌، نوسازى كردن‌، مرمت‌ كردن‌
mortgage
A ------ is a loan for property, especially homes and businesses. رهن، گرو گذاشتن‌،
personnel
------ are employees in a business. -
plumbing
------ is the system of pipes used in a home to supply water. سیستم لوله کشى خانه ها
tenant
A ------ is a person who rents property from a landlord. كرايه‌ نشين‌، مستاجر
trendy
If something is ------, then it is very popular and new. مطابق‌ آخرين‌ مد، مد روز، باب‌ روز،
utility
A ------ is a business that supplies services such as water or electricity. -
whereby
------ means by which or through which. -
aesthetic
If something is ------, then it is concerned with a love of beauty. ARTISTIC, tasteful, in good taste; graceful, elegant وابسته‌ به‌ زيباشناسى‌، زيباشناختى‌
arrogant
If someone is ------, they think that they are more important than others. HAUGHTY, conceited, self-important, egotistic ­خود بزرگ‌بين‌، پرنخوت‌، متكبر،
bias
1. often supporting or opposing a particular person or thing in an unfair way by allowing personal opinions to influence your judgment. 2. a preference towards a particular subject or thing. PREJUDICE, partiality, partisanship گرايش‌، تمايل‌، سوگيرى،
canyon
A ------ is a narrow valley with steep walls through which a river often flows. دره‌ى دراز و باريك‌ كه‌ دو طرف‌ آن‌ صخره‌هاى بلند است‌
creek
A ------ is a stream or small river. -
drill
A ------ is a tool with a point that spins in order to make a hole. دریل، مته - دریل کردن، سوراخ کردن
executive
An ------ is the top manager of a business. -
fatigue
------ is a feeling of extreme tiredness. خستگى‌، ماندگى‌
incline
An ------ is a sharp rise in something, especially a hill or mountain. a slope
nasty
If something is ------, then it is not nice or pleasant. -
perceive
To ------ something means to be aware of it. درك‌ كردن‌، دريافتن‌، پى‌بردن‌
primate
A ------ is a type of mammal that includes monkeys, apes, and humans.
primitive
If something is ------, then it is simple, basic, and not very developed. اوليه‌، آغازين‌، كهن‌، باستانى‌، قديمى‌،
stereotype
1. a fixed idea that people have about what someone or something is like, especially an idea that is wrong 2. to have a fixed idea about what a particular type of person is like, especially an idea that is wrong -
sticky
If something is ------, then it is covered with a substance that things stick to. چسبناك‌، چسبان‌، چسبنده‌،
termite
A ------ is an insect that lives in groups and feeds on wood. موريانه‌
thereby
If something happens ------ an action, then it is the result of that action. as a result of this action
trail
A ------ is a path through a wild area. راه‌ مالرو، راه‌ جنگلى‌
twig
A ------ is a short and thin branch from a tree or bush. تركه‌،
welfare
------ is the health and happiness of a person or group. WELL-BEING, health, comfort, security, safety, protection, prosperity رفاه‌، بهروزى، بهزيستى‌، آسايش‌
behalf
If something is done on one’s ------, it is done for that person by another. on behalf of sb (also on sb's behalf)
flap
To ------ means to move quickly up and down or from side to side. -
glacier
A ------ is a large piece of ice that moves very slowly. -
globe
The ------ refers to the Earth. 2. countable a map of the world in the shape of a ball, which is fixed to a support and can be turned round at the same angle as the Earth turns in space. 3. countable any ball-shaped object -
horizontal
When something is ------, it is flat and level with the ground. افقى‌ (در برابر :‏ عمودى l‏a‏c‏i‏t‏r‏e‏v‏)، مسطح‌، هموار
hum
To ------ means to make a low, continuous noise. زمزمه‌ كردن‌ ، زير لبى‌ گفتن‌
inventory
1. countable a detailed list of all the things in a place. 2. uncountable US the amount of goods a shop has, or the value of them. فهرست‌ موجودى، دفتر دارايى‌، سياهه‌ى اموال‌، موجودى انبار، موجودى
inward
If a thought or feeling is ------, it is not expressed or shown to others. درونى، باطنى‌، معنوى،
loaf
A ------ of bread is bread shaped and baked in one piece. -
oracle
An ------ is person who speaks with gods and gives advice about the future. -
orbit
To ------ something means to move around it in a continuous, curving path. -
overview
An ------ is a general description of a situation. ­نظر اجمالى‌، نظر كلى‌،
preview
A ------ is an opportunity to see something before it is available to the public. -
previous
If something is ------, then it happened earlier in time or order. پيشين‌، قبلى‌، سابق‌،
provide
To ------ something means to supply it. تهيه‌ كردن‌، تامين‌ كردن‌، (با:‏ r‏o‏f‏ يا t‏s‏n‏i‏a‏g‏a‏) تدارك‌ ديدن‌، فراهم‌ كردن‌، آماده‌ كردن‌،
recur
To ------ means to happen more than once. HAPPEN AGAIN, reoccur, occur again, repeat تكرار شدن‌، دوباره‌ روى دادن‌، دوباره‌ پديدار شدن‌
relevant
2. <E > correct or suitable for a particular purpose 1. <E > connected with what is happening or being discussed مطابق - ­مربوط‌، وابسته‌،
rite
(a usually religious ceremony with) a set of fixed words and actions -
stall
To ------ means to stop a process and continue it at a later time. -
supernatural
If something is ------, it is not real or explainable by natural law. -
adapt
2. intransitive to become familiar with a new situation -
biological
1. <A > connected with the natural processes of living things -
cellular
When something is ------, it relates to the cells of animals or plants. -
dynamic
When people are ------, they are lively and have creative ideas. پويا (در مقابل‌:‏ ايستا -‏ c‏i‏t‏a‏t‏s‏)، متحرك‌
fantasy
A ------ is a pleasant situation that people think about but is unlikely to happen. -
heredity
------ is the process of passing on features from parents to children. CONGENITAL TRAITS, genetic make-up, genes; ancestry وراثت‌، همه‌ى ويژگى‌هاى ارثى‌ يك‌نفر
internal
When something is ------, it exists or happens inside a person, object, or place. INNER, interior, inside درونى‌، داخلى‌، درونين‌،
minimal
When something is ------, it is very small. -
pioneer
1. a person who is one of the first people to do something. 2. a person who goes to an area and establishes farms, houses, etc. 3. Verb: to be one of the first people to do something پيشگام‌، پيش‌قدم‌، پيشتاز، ره‌گشا، پيش‌ كسوت‌ - پيشگام‌ بودن‌ يا شدن‌، پيش‌ قدم‌ بودن‌ يا شدن‌، پيشتاز بودن‌ يا شدن
prescribe
To ------ medicine means to tell someone to take it. تجويز كردن‌، نسخه‌ نوشتن‌،
respective
When things are ------, they relate separately to each person just mentioned. خاص‌، مربوطه‌، مربوط‌ به‌
revive
To ------ someone or something means to restore health or life to them. دوباره‌ زنده‌ كردن‌‌، احيا كردن‌، جانبخشى‌ كردن‌،
rigid
stiff or fixed; not able to be bent, moved, changed or persuaded سخت‌، انعطاف‌ ناپذير
sequence
A ------ is a number of events or things that come one after another. SUCCESSION, order, course, series, chain -
substitute
1. <A > to use something or someone instead of another thing or person جانشين‌ شدن‌ يا كردن‌،
surgeon
A ------ is a doctor who is trained to do surgery. ­جراح‌، كارد پزشك‌، برمان‌ پزشك‌
therapy
------ is treatment for a particular physical or mental illness or condition. TREATMENT, remedy, cure
transfer
To ------ something means to move it from one place to another. -
transition
A ------ is a process where there is a change from one form to another. گذار، گذر، عبور، تغيير،
transplant
A ------ is an operation in which a damaged part of one’s body is replaced. پيوند زدن
aquarium
An ------ is a building where fish and underwater animals are kept. -
arbitrary
1. <A > based on chance rather than being planned or based on reason 2. disapproving using unlimited personal power without considering other people's wishes الكى‌، همين‌ جورى، ديمى‌، شكمى‌، بختكى - بوالهوسانه‌، خودسرانه‌، مستبدانه‌، با خودكامگى‌
autobiography
An ------ is a true story of a person’s life written by that person. -
convention
MEETING 1. <I > countable a large formal meeting of people who do a particular job or have a similar interest, or a large meeting for a political party CUSTOM 2. countable or uncountable (an example of) a usual or accepted way of behaving, especially in social situations, often following an old way of thinking or a custom in one particular society AGREEMENT 4. countable a formal agreement between country leaders, politicians and states on a matter which involves them all همايش‌ رسمى‌ - سنت‌، عرف‌، رسم‌، - ميثاق‌، پيمان‌، توافقنامه‌
gracious
If someone is ------, then they are kind and helpful to those who need it. دل‌ رحم‌، پر ترحم‌، دلسوز، ضعيف‌ نواز، مهربان‌ نسبت‌ به‌ زيردستان‌،
improve
To ------ something means to make it better. -
insulate
To ------ something means to protect it from heat, cold, or noise. عايق‌ بندى كردن‌، عايق‌ سازى كردن‌، روكش‌ كردن‌ (
intrigue
1. to interest someone a lot, especially by being strange, unusual or mysterious 2. intransitive ~ (with sb) (against sb) (formal) to secretly plan with other people to harm sb سوسه‌ آمدن‌، دسيسه‌ كردن‌، توطئه‌ چيدن‌، - (مسحور و شيفته‌ كردن‌) خيره‌ كردن‌، (بسيار) خواهان‌ و كنجكاو كردن‌
longevity
------ is the ability to live for a long time. عمر طولانى‌، عمر دراز
misplace
To ------ something means to lose it. درجاى عوضى گذاشتن ،گم کردن ،جا گذاشتن
naughty
When children are ------, they behave badly or do not do what they are told. شيطان‌، شر، تخس‌، ناقلا(به‌ ويژه‌ بچه‌)
norm
A ------ is a way of behaving that is considered normal in a particular society. -
orangutan
An ------ is a large ape with red and brown hair and long arms. -
overload
To ------ something means to put more things into it than it is meant to hold. بار زياد بر دوش‌ كسى‌ يا چيزى گذاشتن‌
philanthropy
------ is the act of helping others, without wanting anything in return. بشر دوستى‌، انسان‌ دوستى‌، خيرخواهى‌، نيكوكارى،
probe
To ------ into something means to ask questions to discover facts about it. بررسى‌ كردن‌، وارسى‌ كردن‌، كند و كاو كردن ‌(با دقت‌ زياد) ،
recipient
A ------ of something is the person who receives it. ­دريافت‌ كننده‌، گيرنده‌
reptile
A ------ is a cold-blooded animal that lays eggs and has skin covered with scales. انواع‌ خزندگان‌ رده‌ى
thrive
to become, and continue to be, successful, strong, healthy, etc. Syn: ↑ flourish
ultimate
When something is ------, it is the final result or aim of a long series of events. EVENTUAL, final غايى‌،
antique
If something is ------, it is very old and rare, and therefore valuable. -
applicant
An ------ is someone who writes a request to be considered for a job or prize. ­درخواست‌ دهنده‌، كارجو، متقاضى‌، كارخواه‌
artifact
An ------ is an old object made by humans that is historically interesting. -
authentic
When something is ------, it is not false or a copy of the original. -
chronology
The ------ of a series of past events is when they happened. گاهشمارى، گاهشناسى‌، رويداد نگارى،
diplomat
A ------ is a representative of a country who works with another country. 2. approving a person who is skilled at dealing with difficult situations in a way which does not offend people ديپلمات - مردم‌دار
epic
An ------ is a long book, poem, or movie about a period of time or a great event. حماسه‌، -حماسی
excerpt
An ------ is a short piece of writing or music taken from a larger piece. گزيده‌، قطعه‌، بريده‌، نقل‌ قول‌،
fossil
A ------ is the hard remains of a prehistoric animal or plant. -
humiliate
To ------ someone means to make them feel ashamed and embarrassed. ­سرافكنده‌ كردن‌، تحقير كردن‌، سرشكسته‌ كردن‌،
lyric
When a poem is considered ------, it is written in a simple and direct style. -
majesty
If something has ------, it causes admiration and respect for its beauty اقتدار، ابهت‌، عظمت‌،
monarch
The ------ of a country is the king, queen, emperor, or empress. پادشاه‌، شاه‌، سلطان‌
precede
To ------ something means to come before it. مقدم‌ بودن‌، جلوتر واقع‌ شدن‌، (از نظر زمان‌ يا مكان‌ يا رتبه‌ يا اهميت‌)
punctual
When someone is ------, they do something or arrive at the right time. وقت‌ شناس‌، خوش‌ قول‌،
recruit
To ------ people means to select them to join or work for an organization. به‌ خدمت‌ درآوردن‌، به‌ كار گرفتن‌، استخدام‌ كردن‌، به‌ كارگماشتن‌،
refund
A ------ is money given back to a person when an item is returned to a store. بازپرداخت‌، رد، استرداد - بازپرداخت‌ كردن‌، (پول‌) پس‌ دادن‌،
register
A ------ is an official list or record of people or things. -
renown
------ is the quality of being well known due to having done good things. شهرت‌، نيك‌ نامى‌، آوازه‌،
tusk
A ------ is a long, curved, pointed tooth of an elephant, boar, or walrus. عاج
burden
2. something difficult or unpleasant that you have to deal with or worry about 1. <I > a heavy load that you carry بار غصه‌ يا مسئوليت‌ (مجازى)، سربار - بار، آنچه‌ حمل‌ شود،
compromise
To ------ is to agree to something that is not exactly what you want. مصالحه‌ كردن‌، (با كدخدامنشى‌)
craft
to make objects, especially in a skilled way ساختن‌ (با هنرمندى)،
crook
A ------ is someone who is not honest or who commits crimes. كلاهبردار، كژرفتار، شياد، متقلب‌،
currency
------ is the form of money used in a certain place. -
enigma
An ------ is someone or something that is mysterious or hard to understand. معما، سخن‌ پيچيده‌، لغز، چيستان‌
fragile
When people or things are ------, they are not strong and can be damaged easily. زودشكن‌، شكستنى‌، شكننده‌
hybrid
A ------ is a mixture of different things or styles. دورگه‌، آميزتبار، پيوندى، (جانور شناسى‌ -‏ گياه‌ شناسى‌)
innocence
------ is a lack of experience of difficult or complex things in life. بى‌گناهى‌، معصوميت‌ - بى‌ريايى‌، ساده‌ دلى‌، صاف‌ و سادگى‌
merge
To ------ two things is to combine them into one whole thing. درهم‌ آميختن‌، به‌ هم‌ پيوستن‌، درهم‌ ادغام‌ شدن‌،
moderate
When something is ------, it is not too big or too small in size or amount. -
overwhelm
To ------ is to exist in such a large amount that someone cannot deal with it. از توان‌ انداختن‌، از پا در آوردن‌،
perception
A ------ of a situation is a way of thinking about it or understanding it. برداشت‌، استنباط‌، تلقى‌، تعبير
reunion
A ------ is the meeting of people or things that have been separated. گردهمايى‌ دوباره‌، بازديدار، گردهمايى‌، تجديد ديدار
rig
1. to arrange dishonestly for the result of something, for example an election, to be changed 2. to fix a piece of equipment in place -
shiver
A ------ is a shaking movement the body makes when someone is cold or scared. لرز، مورمور - (از ترس‌ يا سرما و غيره‌) لرزيدن‌، لرزه‌ بر اندام‌ افكندن‌،
sociable
When someone is ------, they are friendly. اجتماعى‌، معاشرتى‌،
talkative
When someone is ------, they talk a lot. ­پرحرف‌، پرگوى، وراج‌،
tow
To ------ something is to pull it. كشيدن‌، يدك‌ كشيدن‌، بكسل‌ كردن‌، (باطناب‌ يا سيم‌ و غيره‌ به‌ دنبال‌ خود)
tramp
To ------ is to put your feet down in a loud, heavy way as you walk. راه‌ رفتن‌ (با گام‌هاى سنگين‌) گام‌ برداشتن‌ (كلش‌ كلش‌ كنان‌)