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Kinetic Molecular Theory
All matter is made up of moving particles
The ability to do work
Energy due to motion
Energy due to position (distance between particles)
Total energy of all particles. Kinetic + Potential energy
measure of the average kinetic energy
Total amount of thermal energy
Transfer of heat through contact (touching)
Transfer of heat through the movement of fluids (liquids or gases)
The transfer of energy by waves
Outer solid rock layer
Thickest layer of the earth. Mostly solid (except the upper mantle – fluid like thick toothpaste)
Outside layer of Earth’s core. Is liquid and made of nickel and iron.
Inside of Earth’s core. Solid and made mostly of iron.
Huge pieces of rock that make up the lithosphere and float on the asthenosphere.
Earths crust + upper mantel.
Fluid Layer of the upper mantel
How tectonic plates move.
The way the continents are thought to have been arranged/joined about 200-300 million years ago.
Area between two things
When two tectonic plates collide (come together)
When two tectonic plates separate (move apart)
When two tectonic plates slide side by side
To go under
Deep underwater valley
When two land plates separate
Formed when an ocean plate and a land plate collide
Formed when two tectonic plates collide
Happens when two tectonic plates slide side-by-side