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Another name for global winds. Named after the direction from where they blow.
A global wind that blows from west to east between 30o and 60o degrees latitude.
Winds that blow across the surface of the earth. Affected by the rotation of the earth, and high and low pressure zones.
A global wind that blows from east to west between 60o and 90o degrees latitude.
Winds that blow from east to west between 0º and 30º degrees latitude.
Very calm winds at or very near the equator.
The Earth spinning on its axis is responsible for the curving of winds, so winds in North Hemisphere curve to the right and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere.
Rising air, cloud formation, resulting in rain.
Sinking air, clear skies, little to no rain, dry and stable air.
Sun-heated air over land rises (Low pressure) Cooler air over water sinks (High pressure).
Night air over land cools fast (High pressure) Air over water stays warmer (Low pressure).