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Level 2

Module 1. Lexis


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Affix verb, affixation noun
A meaningful group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to make a new word, which can be a different part of speech from the original word, e.g. interview, interviewer.
Antonym
The opposite of another word, e.g. hot - cold.
Chunk
Any pair or group of words commonly found together or near one another, e.g. phrasal verbs, idioms, collocations, fixed expressions.
Collocation
Words which are regularly used together. The relation between the words may be grammatical, lexical e.g. depend on, good at; We went the wrong way.
Compound
Nouns, verbs, adjectives or prepositions that are made up of two or more words and have one unit of meaning,e.g. assistant office manager, long-legged.
False friend
A word in the target language which looks or sounds as if it has the same meaning as a similar word in the learners' first language but does not, e.g. In French ‘librairie' is a place where people can buy books. In a library in English, you do not buy books but borrow them instead.
Homonym
A word with the same spelling and pronunciation as another word, but which has a different meaning,e.g. bit (past tense of ‘bite') and a bit (a little).
Homophone
A word which sounds the same as another word, but has a different meaning or spelling, e.g. knew - new
Idiom
A group of words that are used together, in which the meaning of the whole word group is different from the meaning of each individual word, e.g. She felt under the weather means that she felt ill.
Lexical set
A group of words or phrases that are about the same content topic or subject, e.g. weather - storm, to rain, wind,
Lexis, vocabulary
Individual words or sets of words, e.g. homework, study, whiteboard, get dressed, be on time.
Part of speech
A way of categorising words according to their grammatical function and meaning, e.g. noun, verb, adjective, pronoun, adverb, preposition, conjunction.
Phrasal verb, multi-word verb/unit
A word which is made up of more than one word (e.g. a verb + adverb particle or preposition) which has a different meaning from each individual word, e.g. look after - A mother looks after her children.
Prefix
A meaningful group of letters which is added to the beginning of a root/base word to make a new word which can be a different part of speech from the original word, e.g. appear - disappear.
Root word, base word
The basic word or part of a word from which other words can be made by adding a prefix or suffix, e.g. photograph is the root or base word of photographer and photographic.
Suffix
A meaningful group of letters which is added to the end of a root or base word to make a new word which can be a different part of speech from the original word, e.g. care - careful.
Synonym
A word which has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word, e.g. nice is a synonym of pleasant.
Word family
A group of words that come from the same root or base word, e.g. economy, economist, economic or by topic