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To show that you have seen or understood something, e.g. the teacher understood the learner's answer with a gesture.
Ask for clarification
To ask for an explanation of what a speaker means, e.g. What do you mean?
To make obvious what you mean.
To give or add something, e.g. in the classroom, learners can add to a discussion by taking part and giving their ideas.
To express or communicate meaning. Teachers focus on expressing meaning when they present new language.
To give something to another person and receive something in return.
A person can show how they feel through their face, e.g. smiling, showing surprise.
A word or sound used between words or sentences in spoken English when someone is thinking of what to say, e.g. When I went to London ... um ... I think it was about ... er ... 4 years ago. Er and um are conversational fillers.
Pause before or while doing or saying something. Learners often do it because they need more time to think.
A clear example of the target language for learners to repeat or write down or save as a record. If a teacher is focusing on the target language of a lesson, he/she usually chooses a sentence, which he/she writes on the board.
To tell a story or talk about something that has happened.
To tell someone they have done well, e.g. That's excellent. Well done!
To help learners think of ideas or to remember a word or phrase by giving them a part of it or by giving another kind of clue. When a teacher suggests a word that the learner hasn't remembered.
To reword a sentence or phrase to improve it, e.g. Learner: I find myself unable to accept your statement.. Teacher: Oh, you don't agree. Why not?
To mention something or someone. Also, similar in meaning to comment.
A reply or reaction to communication such as a laugh, a smile, saying something.
To make something easier.
The technical words used in a particular subject.
A complete unit of speech in spoken language. It can be shorter than a sentence, e.g. A: When's he coming? B: Tomorrow. ‘