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Module 2. Teaching materials and aids


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Adapt material
To change a text or other material, so that it is suitable to use with a particular class.
Authentic material
Written or spoken texts which a first language speaker might read or listen to. They may be taken from newspapers, radio etc. The language in the texts is not adapted or made easier for learners or the language learning process.
Board game
A game played by two or more players on a board using dice. Players throw the dice and move around squares on the board.
Activity book, workbook
A book that has extra practice and is often used for homework. It usually accompanies a coursebook.
Coursebook, textbook
A book which is used regularly by learners in the class. It generally contains grammar, vocabulary and skills work and follows a syllabus.
Teacher's book
It accompanies the coursebook, and contains teaching ideas, audio scripts and answers to coursebook activities.
Coursebook unit
A chapter of a coursebook.
Chart
Information in the form of diagrams, lists or drawings often placed on the classroom wall for learners to refer to such as irregular verb forms or prepositions
Crossword puzzle
A word game in which learners complete a grid. Learners write the answers to clues in the squares on the grid. It is often used to revise vocabulary.
Cue card, prompt card
A card on which there is/are (a) word(s) or picture(s) to encourage learners to produce particular language, often during a controlled practice activity or drill, e.g. a teacher presenting I like + ing / I don't like + ing.
Dialogue
A conversation between two or more people.
Dice
Small blocks of plastic or wood with six sides and a different number of spots on each side. They are used in board games.
Exploit material
To use material for a particular purpose.
Flashcard
A card with words, sentences or pictures on it. A teacher can use these to explain a situation, tell a story...
Flipchart
A pad of large sheets of paper fixed to a stand, which teachers use for presenting information to the class.
Graded reader
A book which has language that has been made easier for learners.
Graph
A drawing that uses a line or lines to show how two or more set of numbers are related to each other.
Grid
A pattern of straight lines that cross each other to make squares.
Handout, worksheet
A piece of paper with exercises, activities or tasks on it that a teacher gives to learners for a range of reasons during a class or for reference or homework.
Language laboratory
A room in a school where learners can practise language by listening to tapes or CDs and by recording themselves speaking.
Leaflet, brochure
A piece of printed paper that gives information or advertises something, e.g. with information about local places of interest.
Overhead projector (OHP)
A piece of equipment that makes images appear on a wall or screen. It can be used in a classroom instead of a whiteboard or blackboard.
Overhead transparency (OHT)
The plastic sheet a teacher can write on and use with an overhead projector (OHP).
Puppet
A model of a person or animal often made of paper or cloth, which a teacher or learners can move by putting their hand inside it.
Realia
Real objects such as clothes, menus, timetables and leaflets that can be brought into the classroom for a range of purposes.
Rubric
Written instructions for an exercise or activity.
Self-access centre, learning centre
A place with learning resources such as books, computers and cassettes where learners can study by themselves.
Sticker
A label with a picture or message on it that has ‘glue' on the back of it.
Supplementary materials
The books and other materials which teachers can use in addition to a coursebook, e.g. pronunciation practice materials.
Tapescript, audio script, transcript
The written version of the words learners hear when doing a listening activity. These can often be found in a teacher's book or at the back of the learner's book.
Teaching aids
Any materials or resources a teacher uses in the classroom, e.g. OHP, charts.
Video clip
Part of DVD that can be used in class.
Visual aid
A picture, a diagram or anything else the learners can look at which can help teachers illustrate form or meaning.
Wordsearch
A grid in which each square has a letter of the alphabet. Words are hidden in the grid and learners have to find them.