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CH1: Theories of Learning


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Empiricism, Social Learning Theory, Structuralism, Functionalism, and Behaviorism.
The Theories of Learning include:
almost all knowledge is a function os experience.
Empiricism argues that...
John Locke's proposition that a newborn's mind is a blank slate or 'tabula rasa'.
An example of empiricism is...
that we learned from observation via our senses, and he did not support the idea of 'human nature'.
Locke believed...
empiricist.
John Locke was a(n)...
takes into account the role of social influences in learning.
Social Learning Theory...
that we learn by doing (enactive learning) and by observing (observational learning).
Bandura proposed...
the reciprocal interaction of the environment, behaviors, and internal events (expectations and self-referential thoughts about our abilities).
Bandura emphasized the importance of observation as well as...
assumes that the mind is composed of a finite number of basic elements that can be discovered using the method of introspection.
Structuralism...
describing conscious thoughts, emotions, and sensory experiences.
Introspection involves...
Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener.
Examples of Structuralists are...
Social Learning Theory
Bandura was associated with which Theory of Learning?
proposes that the adaptive processes of the mind should be studied, given that the mind evolved to help us adapt to the world around us.
Functionalism...
William James
An example of a functionalist is...
Darwin's Theory of Evolution that adaptive characteristics and traits (like the ability to learn) evolve through the process of natural selection, called evolutionary adaptation.
Functionalism was partially derived from...
a theory of learning that emphasizes a study of publicly observable behavior and the environmental events that influence it.
Behaviorism is...
discounts the importance of the unseen or non-observable.
Behaviorism generally...
BF Skinner, John B Watson, Hull, and Tolman.
Examples of Behaviorists include...
Parsimony
Behavioral Psychology adheres to the Law of...
that simpler explanations for a phenomenon are generally preferable to more complex explanations.
The Law of Parsimony states...