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CH1: Ways Behaviors are Learned


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observational learning, association, classical conditioning, and operant conditioning.
Behavior can be learned in a variety of ways:
results from observing someone else's behavior then developing similar behavior in oneself; modeling.
Observational Learning...
occurs when an organism makes a connection between two events.
Associative learning...
is the process by which certain inborn behaviors come to be produced in new situations as organisms respond to stimuli and then associate two events into stimulus-response relationships.
Classical Conditioning...
reflexive or involuntary behaviors.
Classical conditioning involves...
many of our emotional responses and contributes to the development of our likes and dislikes.
Classical conditioning underlies...
occurs when a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a stimulus to which the learner has an automatic, inborn response.
In classical conditioning, learning...
Pavlov's dogs salivating at the sound of a bell.
An example of classical conditioning is...
the process by which a behavior is strengthened or weakened as a result of its consequences; organisms learn from the consequences of their behavior.
Operant Conditioning is...
goal-oriented or voluntary behaviors.
Operant conditioning involves...
a rat learning to press a lever to obtain food.
An example of operant conditioning is...