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CH8: Punishment


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Ignore?
the removal of an appetitive (wanted) stimulus.
Negative punishment involves...
Time-outs and Response Cost
Two common forms of negative punishment are:..
the removal of access to a positive reinforcer following the occurrence of a problem behavior.
Time-outs involve...
applied; the most effective technique is to apply short time-outs then reinforcing the appropriate behavior.
Time-outs are often poorly....
the removal of a specific reinforcer.
Response cost involves...
that the severity of the punishment can be easily adjusted to suit the behavior being punished.
The advantage of response cost punishments is...
that the removed reinforcer must actually have an impact on behavior.
The challenge to a response cost punishment is...
punishment that is an inherent aspect of the behavior being punished. (The behavior is unpleasant/punishing by itself).
Intrinsic punishment is...
punishment that is not an inherent aspect of the behavior being punished, and so the punishment is a separate behavior that simple followed the behavior.
Extrinsic punishment is...
one that is innately or naturally punishing.
A primary punisher is...
an event that is punishing because it has been associated with some other punisher.
A secondary punisher is...
associated with many other punishers.
A generalized punisher has been...