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CH8: Escape and Avoidance


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Ignore?
the termination of an aversive stimulus (stopping a stimulus that's unwanted).
Escape behavior results in...
before the aversive stimulus is presented and therefore prevents it from occurring.
Avoidance behavior occurs ...
escape; avoid.
Typically, one first learns to ________ (escape/avoid) an aversive stimulus, then _________ it.
persistant, even when the aversive unconditioned stimulus is no longer present.
An avoidance response is often extremely...
differ
Humans and animals appear to ______ in reasons for avoidance.
more likely to avoid the conditioned stimulus and ultimately release the aversive unconditioned stimulus, such as fear.
Animals are...
unconditioned stimulus, and are less likely to get over the emotion.
Humans avoid the...
single trial to produce extremely persistent avoidance.
Phobic conditioning in humans often requires only a....
persistent thoughts, images, or impulses.
Obsessions are...
an increase in anxiety that is then reduced by carrying out a compulsive behavior pattern.
Obsessions produce...
easier to treat.
Avoidance conditioning made OCD....
is a treatment procedure for OCD involving prolonged exposure to the anxiety-producing stimulus without engaging in the compulsive behavior pattern, which helps extinguish the anxiety.
Exposure and response prevention...