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CH6: Noncontingent and Complex Schedules


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Noncontingent schedules allow for...
the delivery of reinforcement after a certain period of time regardless of the organism's response.
Noncontingent schedules are also called...
response-independent schedules.
Noncontingent schedules sometimes result in the...
development of superstitious behavior or poor effort.
The benefit of noncontingent reinforcement is that it can actually...
reduce the frequency of maladaptive behaviors.
Complex schedules...
consist of a combination of two or more simple schedules.
Complex Schedules include:
conjunctive schedules, adjusting schedules, and chained schedules.
Conjunctive schedules...
entail that the requirements of multiple simple schedules be met before reinforcement is delivered.
In an adjusting schedule...
the response requirement changes as a function of the organism's performance while responding for the previous reinforcer.
A chained schedules...
consists of a sequence of simple schedules that must be completed in order, at the end of which is a terminal reinforcer.
According to Drive Reduction Theory...
an event is reinforcing if it is associated with a reduction in some type of internal physiological drive.
A limitation of Drive Reduction Theory is that it...
does not account for intrinsic motivation or non-drive behaviors.
The Response Deprivation Hypothesis states that...
a behavior can be used as a reinforcer if access to the behavior is restricted and its frequency falls below its baseline rate of occurrence.