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CH6: Schedules of Reinforcement - Introduction and


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schedules of reinforcement.
Reinforcers can be arranged or schedules, which are called...
timetable for the reinforcer to be delivered.
A schedule specifies the...
produce different patterns of responding, which are known as schedule effects.
Different types of schedules...
every time a behavior occurs or only continuously.
Reinforcement may be presented...
each specified response is reinforced.
Continuous reinforcement (CR) means that...
does not occur after every response and only some responses are reinforced.
Intermittent or partial reinforcement....
Continuous reinforcement
_______________ (continuous/intermittent) reinforcement is the most effective way to shape a new behavior quickly.
Intermittent reinforcement.
_________________ (continuous/intermittent) reinforcement produces a stronger behavioral response over time.
Intermittent schedules
_____________ (continuous/intermittent) schedules are more resistant to extinction.
Intermittent schedules.
The four basic schedules of reinforcement are __________ (continuous/intermittent) schedules.
a fixed, predictable number of responses.
On a fixed-ratio (FR) schedule, reinforcement depends upon...
that reinforcement occurs after every 5 responses.
FR5 (fixed-ratio 5) means...
a varying, unpredictable number of responses.
On a variable-ratio (VR) schedule, reinforcement depends upon (is contingent upon)...
reinforcement occurs ON AVERAGE every 5 responses.
VR5 (variable-ratio 5) means that...
for the first response after a fixed period of time has passed.
On a fixed-interval (FI) schedule, reinforcement occurs...
the first response after 30 seconds have passed gets reinforced (and any additional responses after the first, but before the 30 seconds is up, will not be reinforced).
FI 30 sec (fixed-interval of 30 seconds) means that...
for the first response that comes after a varying period of time has passed.
On a variable-interval (VI) schedule, reinforcement occurs...
the first response after an average of 30 seconds have passed gets reinforced (but the actually amount of time between reinforcements varies).
VI 30 sec (variable-interval of 30 seconds) means that...
higher rates of responses compared to interval because the reinforcer depends on responses (is response-contingent).
Ratio schedules produce...
a post-reinforcement pause given that the next reinforcer is 'some distance away' (aka the subject has to wait before being rewarded for their next response).
Fixed schedules produce...
KNOW THE CHART FOR COMPARING THE FOUR SCHEDULES
KNOW THE CHART FOR COMPARING THE FOUR SCHEDULES