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CH4: Specificity in Classical Conditioning and Add


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overshadowing and latent inhibition.
Two conditions can interfere with the process of classical conditioning:
the most salient, neutral member of a compound stimulus is more readily-conditioned as a conditioned stimulus and thereby interferes with the conditioning of a less-salient, neutral member
Overshadowing occurs when...
familiar stimuli are more difficult to initially condition than unfamiliar stimuli.
Latent inhibition occurs when...
when you get stung by a bee and come to fear the sight/sound of a bee and not the color of the sky
An example of overshadowing is...
when you get stung by a bee and fear the less familiar sight/sound of a bee and not the familiar feel of grass.
An example of latent inhibition is...
a form of classical conditioning in which the conditioned stimulus is the passage of time.
Temporal conditioning is...
an additional stimulus (an occasion setter) indicates whether a conditioned stimulus will be followed by an unconditioned stimulus, and the conditioned stimulus then only elicits a conditioned response if in the presence of the occasion setter; context is relevant.
Occasion setting occurs when...
a given unconditioned stimulus can support only so much conditioned and the amount of conditioned must be distributed across the various conditioned stimuli that are present; stronger unconditioned stimuli support more conditioned than weaker ones.
The Resclora-Wagner Theory proposes that...
the presentation of a novel stimulus at the same time as the conditioned stimulus reduces the strength of the conditioned response.
External inhibition occurs when...
exposure to a stronger or weaker unconditioned stimulus following conditioning, which then alters the strength of response of a previously conditioned stimulus.
Unconditioned Stimulus revaluation involves...