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CH3: Classical Conditioning


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the process by which certain inborn behaviors come to be produced in new situations as organisms respond to stimuli.
Classical conditioning is...
stimulus-response relationships.
Classical conditioning involves...
reflexive or involuntary.
The behaviors involved in classical conditioning are often what the average person regards as...
classical (or respondent) conditioning.
When one stimulus regularly precedes and thus predicts another, animals modify their behavior in ways called...
a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a stimulus to which the learner has an automatic, inborn response.
In classical conditioning, learning occurs when...
effect of ringing a bell prior to feeding dogs.
Pavlov studies the...
the dogs' natural response to food (salivating) began occurring when the bell was rung.
Pavlov found that..
the stimulus that naturally elicits a response (smell of food).
The unconditioned stimulus is...
the response that is naturally elicited by the unconditioned stimulus (salivation).
The unconditioned response is...
the formerly neutral stimulus (bell) that comes to elicit a response (salivation) because it has been associated with the unconditioned stimulus (food).
The conditioned stimulus is...
the response (salivation) that is elicited by the conditioned stimulus (bell).
The conditioned response is...
pleasant or unpleasant.
Most classical conditioning procedures can be divided into two categories based on whether the unconditioned stimulus is..
appetitive and aversive.
The two types of classical conditioning procedures are:
the unconditioned stimulus is a pleasant or necessary stimulus which the organism seeks.
In appetitive conditioning...
the unconditioned stimulus is an unpleasant or undesired stimulus which the organism avoids.
In aversive conditioning...
survival.
Both appetitive and aversive conditioning are associated with...
dislike events that cause pain or illness (aversive conditioning).
Humans tend to learn quickly to...
conditions that affect the appetitiveness or aversiveness of an event or situation.
Establishing operations are...
deprivation and satiation.
There are two types of establishing conditions:
the prolonged absence of an event and an example which tends to increase the appetitiveness of an event.
Deprivation is...
the prolonged exposure to (or consumption of) an event and an example which tends to decrease the appetitiveness of an event.
Satiation is...