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Basic Concepts


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Logic
Study of the principles and rules of good reasoning
Proposition
Something that can be asserted or denied
Argument
A collection of propositions in which some propositions (premises) are given as reasons for accepting the truth of another proposition (conclusion)
Deductive argument
Argument that attempts to prove the truth of its conclusion with CERTAINTY
Inductive argument
Argument that attempts to establish its conclusion with some degree of PROBABILITY
Fallacy
Defective argument or error in reasoning
Valid argument
Argument in which it is IMPOSSIBLE for the premises to be true and the conclusion false