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Fallacies of Presumption


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Complex question
Provides the basis for conclusion based on the answer to the assumed question. The question may be "loaded" or the assumed answer is false
False cause
An argument that identifies something as a cause which is not a cause
Begging the question
An argument that assumes as a premise what it sets out to prove as its conclusion
Accident
An argument that appeals to a general claim and either the general claim is false, or a general principle is applied to a case in which it doesn't apply
Converse accident
When a general claim is hastily reached on the basis of insufficient evidence
Suppressed evidence
An argument that ignores evidence contrary to the conclusion it defends
False dichotomy
When the disjunctive premise of a disjunctive syllogism is false