Level 2
Level 1

Unit 3 Foundation


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acceptance
agreement to an offer
Act of Parliament
law passed by Parliament
benefit
advantage you get from a situation
binding
in force; obligatory
body of laws
collection of all laws
breach of contract
not fulfilling the terms in contract
capacity to contract
ability to sign the contract
case
legal matter that will be decided in a court
claimant
person who starts the legal action
common law
system of law that has developed from customs and judges' earlier decisions
comply with law
follow the law
condition
something that you have to do in order for something else to happen
consent
permission to do something
consequential loss
something that you suffer as an indirect result of the breach of contract
consideration
what parties exchange under a contract
contract
legal agreement made between two or more parties
contract under seal
contract in a form of a notary deed with a seal
contrary to
opposite to
court of first instance
trial court of original or primary jurisdiction
deed
official document that gives details of a legal agreement
defective
faulty; not working correctly
defendant
person who the claimant is making a claim against
detriment
harm
direct loss
something that you suffer as an direct result of the breach of contract
discharge a contract
come to an end with a contract
disclose
to reveal secret information
dispute
serious disagreement
distinguishable
clearly different from other people or things of the same type
donation
money or goods that you give to an organization
duress
pressure
duty
legal or moral obligation
elected
chosen by voting
enforceable
to be obeyed
entire
all or every part of something; whole
factor
sth that is important to consider when you make a decision
forbid
tell someone not to do something
general election
an election in which MPs are chosen to the House of Commons
House of Commons
lower house of the British Parliament
House of Lords
upper house of the British Parliament
injured party
someone who has not been treated fairly
intention
plan to enter into a contract
issue
the matter remaining in dispute between the parties
jurisdiction
legal power over a geographical area of people
legislation
all statutes
liability
legal responsibility
MP
Member of Parliament; a politician elected to the House of Commons
monarchy
type of government in which a country is ruled by a king or queen
obiter dictum
remarks of a judge which are not necessary to reaching a decision
obliged
when you must do sth
offer
proposal
offeree
person or company that receives an offer
offeror
person who makes on offer
party
person or company who has entered into a contract
party in breach
the one who is responsible for breaching the contract
precedent
a decision of a judge in an earlier case that other judges must follow if the circumstances of the situation ar the same or similar
principle of law
an accepted idea that forms part of the law
pronouncement
an old-fashioned word meaning a judge's decision at the end of a case giving his decision
propose
suggest
ratio decidendi
reasoning behind the decision
reciprocal
mutual
recorded
written down
relevant
important
restriction
limit
revoke
withdraw
senior court
higher court
source of law
origin of law
statute
Act of Parliament
sue
prosecute
sum
amount
term (of office)
duration
term (of contract)
condition; provision or duration
third party
party which is not mentioned in contract
transaction
deal
valid
binding
void
not effective
voluntarily
not under pressure; with free will
void
nullify (US)
avoid
nullify (GB)
unenforceable
impossible to perform
enforce a contract
follow the rules of contract
under duress
under pressure
capacity to contract
being eligible for signing a contract
seal
stamp
come to terms
come to solution
null and void
invalid
aggregate amount
total amount
undertake
promise
amend
change
Royal Assent
monarch's agreement
vest
give someone power or a right
be at fault
make a mistake
clause
paragraph; section; article in a contract
temporarily
for some time
disclose
reveal secret information
counter-offer
offer made as an answer to offer
lapse
expire
reject
not to agree to an offer
revocation
withdrawal of an offer
forbearance
promise not to do sth
Bill
project of an act of Parliament
terminate a contract
contract is no longer valid
enter into a contract
make a contract(e)
conclude a contract
enter into a contract (c)
draw up a contract
prepare a contract
draft a contract
write a contract
carry out a contract
follow conditions in a contract
honour a contract
follow conditions in a contract
aggrieved party
injured party
defaulting party
party in breach
fixed-term contract
contract which is valid only for a definite time
contract in writing
in the form of a document that you can keep as proof
oral contract
verbal agreement
be under a contract
be obliged to fulfil contract conditions