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Level 2

Unit 2 Design


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application
a program or piece of software designed to fulfill a particular purpose
spin-off
a secondary or incidental product or effect derived from technological development in a somewhat unrelated area
shield
a piece of metal or other material that serves as a protective cover or barrier
spacecraft
a vehicle designed for travel or operation in space beyond the earth's atmosphere or in orbit around the earth
velcro
a fastener for clothes or other items, consisting of two strips of thin plastic sheet, one covered with tiny loops and the other with tiny flexible hooks, which adhere when pressed together and can be separated when pulled apart
anchor
a device usually of metal attached to a ship or boat by a cable and cast overboard to hold it in a particular place by means of a fluke that digs into the bottom
bar coding
series of lines of varying width, printed, as on a container or product, that can be read by an optical scanner to determine charges for purchases, destinations for letters, etc.
utilise
to make use of something
vapour
diffused matter (such as smoke or fog) suspended floating in the air and impairing its transparency
fireproof
resistant to destruction by fire
output
the amount of something produced by a person, machine, or industry
jettison
to throw away or get rid of something that is not wanted or needed
inflate
to cause to expand or distend with air or gas
resist
to make a stand or make efforts in opposition; act in opposition
component
a constituent part; element; ingredient
girder
a large beam, as of steel, reinforced concrete, or timber, for supporting masonry, joists, purlins, etc.
barcode reader
an electronic device that can read and output printed barcodes to a computer
stocktaking
the examination or counting over of materials or goods on hand, as in a stockroom or store
parallel
extending in the same direction, equidistant at all points, and never converging or diverging
evaporation
the process of turning from liquid into vapour
damp
slightly wet; moist
wipe
to rub lightly with or on a cloth, towel, paper, the hand, etc., in order to clean or dry the surface
wiper
an electrically or pneumatically operated device consisting of a squeegee connected to a mechanical arm designed to wipe off rain, snow, etc., from a windshield or rear window
aperture
an opening, as a hole, slit, crack, gap, etc.
food court
an area containing fast food outlets and tables; located in a shopping mall
counter weight
a weight that, by exerting an opposite force, provides balance and stability of a mechanical system
harness
a piece of equipment with straps and belts, used to control or hold in place a person or an object
winch
a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up) or let out (wind out)
treadmill
an exercise machine that allows the user to walk or run in place
incline
a general geometric parameter describing an item that slopes at an angle
compliance
the act of obeying an order
fibre
any of the thread-like parts that form plant or artificial material and can be made into cloth
constraint
limitation or restriction
tube
a cylindrical structure used to connect things
heavy-duty
able or designed to withstand unusual strain
padded
stuffed with a cushionlike mass of soft material
headlight
a light or lamp, usually equipped with a reflector, on the front of an automobile, locomotive, etc
rear
the back of something, as distinguished from the front (adjective)
coil spring
a mechanical device which is typically used to store energy and subsequently release it, to absorb shock, or to maintain a force between contacting surfaces
suspension
a system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two
ion
a particle that has a non-zero net electrical charge, such as an atom or molecule whose total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons
tissue
an ensemble of similar cells and their extracellular matrix from the same origin that together carry out a specific function
brainstorm
a group creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a conclusion for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously contributed by its members
alter
to change something
acid
a compound usually having a sour taste and capable of neutralizing alkalis and reddening blue litmus paper
inflatable
capable of being filled with air
enclosed
surrounded, as with a fence or wall; closed or secured with or as if with a seal
precise
exactly or sharply defined or stated
incremental
increasing by small amounts; relating to or denoting an increase or addition, especially one of a series on a fixed scale
unrestricted
not limited or controlled by rules or laws
variable
likely to change often
ambient
existing in the surrounding area
relative
being judged or measured in comparison with something else
humidity
a quantity representing the amount of water vapour in the atmosphere or in a gas
adequate
enough or satisfactory for a particular purpose
necessity
the state or fact of being required; the need for something
recommendation
an advice telling someone what the best thing to do is
ability
a possession of the means or skill to do something; talent, skill, or proficiency in a particular area
capable
having the ability, power, or qualities to be able to do something
tensile
capable of being drawn out or stretched
translucency
an ability of material to pass light through it
reflectance
an ability of material to reflect light away from it
burst into flames
to suddenly burn strongly, producing a lot of flames
rafter
any of the large, sloping pieces of wood that support a roof
insulation
protecting something by surrounding it with material that reduces or prevents the transmission of sound or heat or electricity
efficiency
the difference between the amount of energy that is put into a machine in the form of fuel, effort, etc. and the amount that comes out of it in the form of movement
refurbished
(a building) that was made to look new again by doing work such as painting repairing, and cleaning
cavity
a hole, or an empty space between two surfaces
fewer
of a smaller number
stretched
extended or spread over a wide area or distance
substrate
a supporting material on which a circuit is formed or fabricated
adhesive
coated with glue, paste, mastic, or other sticky substance
mesh
a (piece of) material like a net with spaces in it, made from wire, plastic, or thread
embedded
fixed into the surface of something
masonry wall
a wall built of stone or brick by a mason
fastener
a button, zip, or other device for temporarily joining together the parts of things such as clothes
smooth
having a surface or consisting of a substance that is perfectly regular and has no holes, lumps, or areas that rise or fall suddenly
inlet
a place or means of entry