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Level 11

Unit 11 Accidents


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investigation
formal or systematic examination or research
accident
an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance
hydroelectric power plant
a place where water energy is converted into electricity
transformer
electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction
intake gates
place by which water flow
debris
the remains of something broken down or destroyed
short circuit
an electrical circuit in a device of lower resistance than that of a normal circuit
penstock
a sluice or gate for regulating a flow (as of water)
outflow
a hole in a container or covering through which contents may accidentally pass
excessively
to a greater degree or in greater amounts than is necessary
smash
move so as to hit or collide with something with great force and impact
CCTV camera
device which can produce images or recordings for surveillance or other private purposes
supervisor
person in the first-line management who monitors and regulates employees in their performance of assigned or deleted task
jet
a usually forceful stream of fluid
periodical
occurring or appearing at intervals
determine
to settle by an authoritative or conclusive decision
conclusion
a judgement or decision reached by reasoning
safety chief
a person responsible for controlling if the safety policy is respected
resign
to voluntarily leave a job or other position
leak
to allow secret information to become generally known
blame
to say or think that someone or something is responsible for something bad that has happened
brake
a device for slowing or stopping a moving vehicle
investigative report
a document which contains a conclusion of an investigation
investigation
the act or process of examining a crime, problem, statement, etc. carefully, especially to discover the truth
industry
economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories
technical field
a technical aspect of a something
preliminary
coming before a more important action or event
preliminary findings
conclusions existing or occurring at the beginning
aircraft
any machine capable of flight
extensive
covering or affecting a large area
examination
the act of looking at or considering something carefully in order to discover something
debris
scattered fragments (typically of something wrecked or destroyed)
in-flight
occurring during an aircraft flight
buckle
a piece of metal at one end of a belt or strap used to fasten the two ends together
fuselage
the main body of an aircraft
determine
to control or influence something directly or to decide what will happen
recover
to get back something lost or spent
smoke sensor
a device which detects smoke
delay
a period of time by which something is late or postponed
contaminated fluids
polluted liquid substances
fire prevention
avoiding the risk of fire
supervisor
a person who inspects a person or an activity
turbine
a machine for producing continuous power in which a wheel or rotor, typically fitted with vanes, is made to revolve by a fast-moving flow of water, steam, gas, air, or other fluid
link
a relationship between two things or situations
cause
the reason why something (especially something bad) happens
control tower
a building at an airport from which the movements of air and runway traffic are controlled
taxiing
the movement of an aircraft on the ground
taxiway
a route along which an aircraft can taxi when moving to or from a runway
runway
a strip of smooth ground along which aircraft take off and land
disaster
an event that results in great harm or damage
take-off
the action of becoming airborne
refuel
to supply a vehicle with more fuel
collide
(especially of moving objects) to hit something violently
aviation
the activity of flying aircraft, or of designing, producing, and keeping them in good condition
backtaxi
procedure which involves the use of any portion of a runway as a taxiway for an aircraft to taxi in the opposite direction from which it will take off or has landed
divert
to cause something to change course or turn from one direction to another
standardize
to make things of the same type all have the same basic features
undercarriage
a wheeled structure beneath an aircraft
unaware
having no knowledge of a situation
cockpit
the compartment for the pilot
emphasis
the particular importance or attention that is given to something
flight engineer
a person responsible for aircraft maintenance
blaze
a very large or fiercely burning fire
severe
very great; intense
vibration
a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point
implement
to start using a plan or system
dam
a barrier constructed to hold back water
penstock gate
structure that controls water flow
indifference
lack of interest concern or sympathy
duties
a moral or legal obligation
worsening
make or become worse
desalination
remove salt from seawater
osmosis
in nature osmosis is an essential process by means of which nutrients are delivered to the cells
degasification
the process of degasifying
aeration
process by which air is circulated through mixed with or dissolved in a liquid or substance
semi-permeable
allowing certain substances to pass through it but not others
pore
to read or study attentively
brine
water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt
indicator
a device providing specific information on the state or condition of something
high-altitude
at or of a level above that which is normal or average