Level 9 Level 11
Level 10

Unit 10 Testing


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earthquake-proof
designed to withstand the effect of an earthquake
long-term
involving a relatively long period of time
objective
a specific result that a person or system aims to achieve within a time frame and with available resources
force
strength or power exerted upon an object
simulated
imitating the conditions of something
square metre
a unit of area measurement equal to a square measuring one meter on each side
wood-frame
built of wood
mid-rise
relating to a building of moderate height, having usually more than three and less than eight stories
attach
to fasten something to something else
strain
the magnitude of a deformation, equal to the change in the dimension of a deformed object divided by its original dimension
shake table
experimental equipment to verify seismic performance associated with the direct damage to individual buildings or their models under specified ground shaking
be fitted with
to have or include something as a permanent part
marker
a physical characteristic that indicates the presence of something
motion-recording
the process or technique of recording patterns of movement digitally
seismic
caused by an earthquake or vibration of the earth
magnitude
measure of the amount of energy released by an earthquake, as indicated on the Richter scale
analysis
process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations
visual inspection
observation of the obvious, external features usually without the aid of an instrument to arrive at a general estimate
seismic damper
a device to dissipate kinetic energy of seismic waves
triangular
shaped like a triangle; having three sides and three corners
embedded
fixed into a surrounding mass
be capable of
having the qualities or ability needed to do something
absorb
take in or soak up energy by physical action
convert
to obtain equivalent value, as of measurement, in an exchange or calculation
equivalent
thing which is equal to or corresponds with another in amount
significant
having a particular meaning; indicative of something
destructive test
attempt which is carried out to the specimen's failure, in order to understand a specimen's performance or material behaviour under different loads
yield
to give forth or produce by a natural process or in return for cultivation
cushion
soften the effect of an impact
earthquake zone
an area of the earth's crust in which movements, sometimes with associated volcanism, occur
withstand
to stay undamaged or unaffected
setup
the way in which something is organized, planned, or arranged
prior to
before something happened or existed
reinforced
strengthened by additional assistance, material, or support
displacement
the volume displaced by a piston (as in a pump or an engine) in a single stroke
facility
something built to serve a specific function affording a convenience or service
piston
a disk or cylindrical part tightly fitting and moving within a cylinder
anchor rod
a threaded metal rod attached to hangers and used to support pipe and ductwork
manufactured
produced in a large- scale industrial operation
appendix
supplementary material attached at the end of a piece of writing
coefficient of restitution
the ratio of the final to initial relative velocity between two objects after they collide
measurement
the act or process of measuring
epoxide resin
a flexible usually thermosetting resin made by copolymerization of an epoxide with another compound
non-elastic
incapable of returning to its original shape after being deformed
tube clamp
a clamp for engaging by compression and frictional contact the outer surface of a tube or pipe
solid
firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid
structure
a building or other object constructed from several parts
artificial
humanly contrived often on a natural model
firmly
securely fixed in place
stabilise
make or become unlikely to give way or overturn
impact
the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another
jack
a device for lifting heavy objects
cost-effective
good value for the amount of money paid
be staffed by
to be provided with a staff or workforce
equipment
the set of necessary tools for a particular purpose
cut costs
to reduce the amount of money that is spent on a service or within an organization
load-bearing wall
supporting much of the weight of the overlying parts of a building or other structure
floor slab
a structural slab, usually concrete, used as a floor or a subfloor
partition wall
a light internal wall separating one room or portion of a building from another
infill wall
the supported wall that closes the perimeter of a building constructed with a three-dimensional framework structure
lightweight
low weight
seismic composite wall
are used to enhance the seismic behavior of the wall while reducing the amount of steel consumption
further testing
making tests after some time
introduction
the action of introducing something
conclusions
the results of thinking about something
rigid
unable to bend or be forced out of shape, not flexible
sideways
from the side
shear walls
a structural system composed of braced panels to counter the effects of lateral load acting on a structure
measure
ascertain the size
displace
the action of moving something from its place or position
multi-storey
having several storeys
severe earthquake
earthquake which causes a lot of damage
polymer
large molecule composed of many repeated subunits
ductile
able to be deformed without losing toughness
non-brittle
(material) which is hard to brake
collapse
(of a structure) suddenly fall down or give way
fracture
the cracking or breaking of a hard object or material
magnitude
the great size or extent of something
demand
an insistent and peremptory request
storey-drift
ratio of displacement of two consecutive floor to height of that floor
adequate
satisfactory or acceptable in quality or quantity
occur
happen, take place
sway
move or cause to move slowly or rhythmically backwards and forwards or from side to side
instinctively
without conscious thought; by natural instinct
concise
with no unnecessary information
width
the measurement or extent of something from side to side
principle
a rule or belief governing behaviour
lateral
from the side
pier
a platform on pillars projecting from the shore into the sea
capability
the power or ability to do something
vertical
at right angles to a horizontal plane; in a direction
oscillations
movement back and forth in a regular rhythm
flaw
imperfection which mars a substance or object
corrode
destroy or damage (metal, stone, or other materials) slowly by chemical action
buckle
bend (something) out of shape
truss
a framework, typically consisting of rafters, posts, and struts, supporting a roof, bridge, or other structure
metal fatigue
weakness in metal caused by repeated variations of stress
high-rise block
a building having many storeys
vessel
a ship or large boat
sum
a particular amount of money
in accordance with
in a manner conforming with
diligence
careful and persistent work or effort
prior
existing or coming before in time, order, or importance
dispute
a disagreement or argument
arise from
a thing that is caused or produced by something else; a consequence or outcome
non-destructive testing
wide group of analysis techniques used in science and technology industry to evaluate the properties of a material
agenda
a list of aims or possible future achievements
factsheet
a written document containing information for the public
chairperson
a person who presides over a meeting: committee, board, etc.
overview
a short description of something that provides general information about it, but no details
advantage
a condition giving greater chance of success
steel girder
a long, thick piece of steel that supports a roof, floor, bridge or other large structure
attachment
an extra piece of equipment that can be added to a machine
probe
device that is put inside something to test or record information
affect
to cause a change in someone or something
flaw
a defect which is reducing durability of something
steel beam
durable steel component which is used for large constructions
several
an amount that is not exact, but fewer than many
linear
extended or arranged in a line
amend
to alter, modify, rephrase, or add to or subtract from
summary
a short, clear description that gives the main facts or ideas about something
divide
to calculate the number of times that one number fits (exactly) into another
magnetic flux
a measurement of the total magnetic field which passes through a given area
iron filings
small pieces of metal that are removed from a larger piece by filing
evidence
one or more reasons for believing that something is or is not true
feature
a typical quality or an important part of something
conductive material
substance which allows electricity to go through it
current
value measured in amperes
AC
an electrical current that regularly changes the direction in which it moves
induction
an occassion when electrical power goes from one object to another without the objects touching
eddy current
an electric current in a conducting material that results from induction by a moving or varying magnetic field
alter
to change something, usually slightly, or to cause the characteristics of something to change
coil
a twisted length of wire throught which an electric current travels
ultrasonic
sound which is too high for people to hear
receive
to get or be given something
method
a particular way of doing something
tick
to mark to show that something is correct or has been done
ferromagnetic
having a high susceptibility to magnetization
measure
to judge the quality, effect, importance, or value of something
various
in other words "many different"
operator
someone whose job is to use and control machine or vehicle
test instrument
device used for testing or measuring materials
whereas
conjunction used to indicate a contrast between two facts or ideas
necessary
needed in order to achieve a particular result
radiographic testing
a nondestructive examination technique that involves the use of either x-rays or gamma rays to view the internal structure of a component
3D modeling software
computer programs used for developing a mathematical representation of any three-dimensional surface
extraordinary
something very unusual and special
complex
involving a lot of different, but related parts
external
of, on, for, or coming from the outside
source
the place something comes from or starts at, or the cause of something
entire
whole or complete, with nothing missing
high pressure
involving pressure, that is greater than usual
internal
existing or happening inside of a person, object, organization, place or a country
extrude
to form something, by forcing or pushing it out, especially through a small opening
strand
a thin thread of something, often one or a few, twisted around each other to make string or rope
exhibit
to show something publically
clarity
the state or quality of being clear or transparent to the eye
requirement
something you must do, or something you need
digital modeling
design and production process that combines 3D modeling with additive and subtractive manufacturing
coated
thickly covered with something
lacquer
a liquid that is painted on wood or metal and forms a hard, shiny surface when it dries
rotational moulding
a process that is mainly used to create hollow one-piece plastic items
concise
short and clear, expressing what needs to be said without unnecessary words
piston
a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms
viscous
having a thick or sticky consistency
reinforcement
something that reinforces or strengthens
pedestrian bridge
a bridge designed for pedestrians
absorbing
to retain (radiation or sound, for example) wholly, without reflection or transmission
proviso
a clause in a statute, contract, or the like, by which a condition is introduced
pier
a support for the ends of adjacent spans
dissipate
to gradually disappear or waste