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Culture & Identity- Part 3


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Globalisation
Has caused much culture to be similar. Means that countries lose distinctive culture
Synergy
Two or more agents working together. e.g News international owning newspapers and news channels
Cultural Imperialism
When a economically powerful nation imposes its culture on smaller and less powerful nations
Mechanical Solidarity
Found in pre-industrial societies. People share same beliefs and values e.g Religion
Organic Solidarity
Found in complex society. Institutions e.g. schools have largely replaced religion in socialising people into a shared culture
Superstructure
Institutions of a society such as laws, politics, religion and education
Agency of socialisation
A person or group who influence the socialisation of children and later adults
Primary relationship
Is a relationship in which a person ongoing intimate contact with those who are responsible for primary socialisation
Basil Bernstein
Suggests there are differences in how we learn lauguage depending on the CLASS of our family
Haralamous and Holborn
They claimed research shows that middle class families emphasise high achievement at school and reward success
Symmetrical family
Family in which men and women are equal. e.g.balance of cleaning between partners
Young and Willmott
Claimed families are becoming increasingly symmetrical
Bernstein
Argues working classes only use restricted code which DISADVANTAGES them because the education system heavily relies on the use of elaborated code