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Module VI Terms - Respiratory System


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nasopharynx
contains adenoids
oropharynx
contains tonsils
laryngopharynx
divides esophagus/trachea
capno
carbon dioxide
phren
diaphragm
AFB
acid-fast bacilli (Tb)
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DPT
diptheria, pertussis, tetanus
PEEP
positive end expiratory pressure
VQ Scan
ventilation and perfusion, used to rule out pulmonary embolism
dyspnea
shortness of breath
atelectasis
Complete or partial collapse of a lung or a section (lobe) of a lung
apnea
absence of breathing
orthopnea
difficulty breathing while lying flat
cystic fibrosis
secretion of abnormally thick mucus in various places in the body, causing chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and recurrent pneumonia
empyema
an accumulation of pus/ bacteria in pleural space/ usually pneumonia/ kind of pleural effusion
tachypnea
rapid respiration
hemothorax
type of pleural effusion in which blood accumulates in the pleural cavity
hemoptysis
The expectoration (coughing up) of blood or blood-stained suptum from the bronchi, larynx, trachea or lungs.
pneumonia
acute infection of alveoli
COPD
chronic obstruction pulmonary disease of bronchioles
asthma
narrowing of bronchi and bronchioles
pertussis
whooping cough/A highly contagious respiratory tract infection that is easily preventable by vaccine
diptheria
an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. causes a thick covering in the back of the throat. can lead to difficulty breathing, heart failure, paralysis, and even death.
Kussmaul breathing
a deep and labored breathing pattern often associated with severe metabolic acidosis
phrenitis
inflammation of diaphragm
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
abnormal pattern of breathing, progressively deeper and sometimes faster breathing, followed by a gradual decrease that results in a temporary apnea
rales/crackles
breath sound: fluid in lungs
wheezes/rhonchi
breath sound from narrowed lower airway (bronchioles), asthma, COPD, whistling
stridor
inspiratory, upper airway obstruction
hypoxia
low levels of oxygen in tissues
URI
infection and inflammation of mucous membranes above laryngopharynx
pleuritis
inflammation of lining of lungs
epiglottitis
inflammation of epiglottis, impairs breathing, occurs in children, symptoms: sore throat, difficulty swallowing, drooling
tuberculosis
an infectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of nodules (tubercles) in the tissues, especially the lungs.
lung abscess
necrosis of the pulmonary tissue and formation of cavities containing necrotic debris or fluid caused by microbial infection.
anthracosis
black lung, inflammatory chronic lung damage from coal dust