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Module V Images - Cardiovascular System


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hemangi
blood vessel
sphygm
pulse
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
TPA
tissue plasminogen activator
foramen ovale
hole between atria in fetal circulation
ductus arteriosus
connection between pulmonary artery and aorta in fetal circulation
ductus venosus
connection between umbilical vein and inferior vena cava in fetal circulation
angiogram
x-ray of coronary arteries
arteriogram
x-ray of artery
venography
x-ray of a vein
ejection fraction
fraction of blood ejected from ventricles
cardiac output
volume of blood pumped per minute
percutaneous translumenal coronary angioplasty
PTCA
CPK
creatine phosphokinase, cardiac enzyme
Lactate Dehydrogenase
LDH, cardiac enzyme
thrombus
blood clot
bacterial endocarditis
an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel
congestive heart failure
heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow
ACE inhibitors
angiotensin converting enzyme/dilate blood vessels
beta blockers
slow HR, dec BP, reduce contraction strength
calcium channel blockers
slow HR, dec BP
Fontan's operation
connect right atrium to pulmonary artery
aneurysm
dilation of artery wall
atheroma
fatty deposit/plaque in wall of artery
claudication
exercise induced limb pain/weakness
embolus
clot which travels through blood stream and causes a blockage
fibrillation
random chaotic heart rhythm
flutter
rapid regular heart rhythm
ischemia
Local lack of blood circulation due to mechanical obstruction of the blood supply (vasoconstriction, thrombosis or embolism).
anastomosis
connection between two blood vessels to allow blood flow
angioplasty
opening a blocked vessel with balloon dilation
endarterectomy
surgical removal of diseased lining of artery
inotropic drugs
change contractility of heart
PET
using injected radioactive tracers can measure blood flow, oxygen use, glucose metabolism of tissues
MRI
map the location of water and fat in the body. Pulses of radio waves excite the nuclear spin energy transition
hemorrhoids
varicose veins in anal region
rheumatic heart disease
damage to the heart, usually to the valves, caused by an untreated streptococcal infection
tetralogy of fallot
ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, incorrect position of the aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy
Reynaud's phenomenon
Spasm in the arteries of the fingers causing numbness or pain.
varicose vein
Dilated, enlarged, or twisted vein, usually on the leg.